Civilisation

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  • Civilisation

    1. 1. Birth of Civilisations India, China and Southeast Asia
    2. 2. What is a Civilisation? • when groups of people come to live together • develop their own way of life • share the same culture • speak the same language • obey same rules and laws • follow same traditions and customs
    3. 3. Factors leading to the rise of a Civilisation • plentiful supply of water • plentiful supply of food • fertile land
    4. 4. A Kingdom • controlled by a king • small areas of land joined together • chief reports to the king
    5. 5. Empire • Larger area controlled by an emperor • Kings defeat rivals, they combined lands to form an empire
    6. 6. Indus Civilisation • started around 3000 BCE • Indus plains had fertile soil • directed water from the Indus River by building dams (irrigation)
    7. 7. Government
    8. 8. Occupations
    9. 9. Writing
    10. 10. Indus civilisation • 2500 BCE, along the Indus Valley • irrigation to bring water to farms and limit flooding of the river • Harappa • Mohenjo-Daro
    11. 11. Indus Civilisation • Evidences to show that there is a form of government: • well-planned cities • citadel, drainage system, granary, Great Bath
    12. 12. Indus Civilisation • Evidences to show that there are different occupations: • ploughs, utensils, bronze tools, artefacts, Public Bath
    13. 13. Indus Civilisation • Evidences to show that there is a form of writing: • stone seals
    14. 14. Decline of the Indus Civilisation • 1500 BCE • flooding of the Indus River • outbreak of malaria • Aryans’ attack
    15. 15. Who were the Aryans? • nomadic people • moved to the Ganges Plains as farmers • Indian culture = Indus people and the Aryans
    16. 16. Shang Civilisation • 3000 BCE, Yangshao and Longshan villages existed along the Yellow River • mainly farmers, craftsmen and hunters • fertile soil - loess • flood prone
    17. 17. Shang Civilisation • 1500 BCE, rise of the Shang Civilisation • Cities of Luoyang and Anyang
    18. 18. Shang Civilisation • Evidences to show there is a form of government: • ancient records, palaces, temples, storage houses
    19. 19. Shang Civilisation • Evidences to show there are different occupations: • bronze objects (weapons, wine cups, jars) • temples • tools
    20. 20. Shang Civilisation • Evidences to show there is a form of writing: • pictograms on objects (oracle bones)
    21. 21. Fall of the Shang Civilisation • 1150BCE • Shang dynasty taken over by Western Zhou dynasty and later Eastern Zhou dynasty • Period of the Warring States
    22. 22. Southeast Asia Civilisation • 200 BCE • travel and large scale farming difficult due to constraints of the environment • people lived near the sea (based on evidences - clay, pottery and beads, wall paintings)
    23. 23. Maritime Kingdoms • grew rice • domesticated water buffalo • skilled boat builders • conducted trading from villages to villages, from India to China (rice, coconut, ivory, bracelet, ceremonial drums) • port cities developed
    24. 24. Funan City Port Oc-eo Present day Southern Vietnam produce rice
    25. 25. Srivijaya Palembang Rose after the decline of Funan trade was important
    26. 26. Southeast Asian Civilisations • Evidences to show there is a form of government: • religious buildings made of stone • palaces made from wood
    27. 27. Southeast Asian Civilisations • Evidences to show there are different occupations: • port cities (traders, fishermen, sailors) • religious buildings (priests)
    28. 28. Southeast Asian Civilisations • Evidences to show there is a form of writing: • written records • stone carvings in Sanskrit and Jawi script

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