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Name: Index no: Class:
Sec 3 Express XX May 2009
Additional Materials: Writing Paper 1 Hour 30 Minutes
Instructions to Candidates:
Answer Question 1 from section A and one question from section B.
Write your answers on the writing papers provided.
Begin your answer to Section B on a new and separate sheet of paper.
You are advised to spend no longer than 50 minutes on Section A.
Information for Candidates:
All questions carry 25 marks each. The number of marks for each part/sub-question is
given in brackets ( ) at the end of each sub-question.
This Question Paper consists of 5 printed pages, including this page.
Setter: Mrs Caroline Lee
Section A (Source-Based Case Study)
Question 1 is compulsory for all candidates
When answering the questions, you should use your knowledge of the topic to help
you interpret and evaluate the sources. Your answers should demonstrate not just
your understanding of the topic, but more importantly, your understanding of the
1. Issue: Preparing for an ageing population in Singapore
a) Study Source A.
How useful is this source as evidence about an ageing population in
Singapore? Explain your answer. (6m)
b) Study Sources B and C.
How similar are the sources? Explain your answer. (7m)
c) Study Source D.
Does this source prove that Singapore is ready for an ageing population?
Explain your answer. (6m)
d) Study Source E.
Why did the minister issue this advice? Explain your answer. (6m)
Issue: Preparing for an ageing population in Singapore.
Singapore's population is ageing rapidly. The first batch of post-war baby boomers
will reach 65 years of age by 2012. Today, one out of every 12 Singaporeans is aged
65 or above. By 2030, this ratio will become one out of five. An ageing population
brings both challenges and opportunities. The next five years provides a window of
opportunity to put in place policies and programmes to meet the emerging needs of
an ageing population. To meet the challenges of an ageing population, the
government had begun to put policies in place so as to minimise its impact.
Source A: A chart depicting the population pyramid of Singapore in the year 2050,
published by the U.S Census Bureau
Source B: From a report published by Committee for Ageing Issues, Singapore
Older Singaporeans in need of care have access to a seamless continuum of
Health care and eldercare services, ensuring that the dignity and quality of life
of seniors are maintained. This is achieved by providing an efficient and cost-
effective Government-subsidised healthcare and eldercare services that are easily
accessible to seniors living in the community
Source C: From a report on Singapore’s healthcare needs for the aged in the
Apart from primary care and hospital care, the needs of many elderly people would
be more appropriately met by health care services delivered in “step-down”
settings, such as community hospitals, nursing homes, day care and day
rehabilitation centers. The rapid ageing of the population will pose a challenge to
healthcare planners to provide adequate healthcare facilities, services and support
Source D: A cartoonist depicts Singapore’s way to an ageing population.
Source E: A minister’s advice to the senior citizens of Singapore
Today’s senior CPF members can look forward to working to 60 years old before
retiring. This retirement age will be raised to 62 with effect from 1 January 1999.
However, if you did not make sound financial preparations, it would be difficult to
enjoy a gracious retirement. It is therefore important for Singaporeans to save.
Financial planning for self-reliance is an important aspect of retirement.
Section B (Structured Essay Questions)
Answer One Question
2. Policy Process: Formulation and Implementation
(a) How far is the population slow down in Singapore rectified by the pro-family
measures implemented by the government? Explain your answer. 
(b) The key factor to success in Singapore lies in her leaders. Do you agree?
Explain your answer. 
3. Managing Healthcare
(a) How far is the healthcare needs of an individual met by the Medisave Scheme
in Singapore? Explain your answer. 
(b) The key factor to the success of the NHS lies in the ability to provide quality
healthcare services for the British people. Do you agree? Explain your 
4. Conflict in Multi-ethnic Societies: Sri Lanka
(a) How far was the Tamil – Sinhalese conflict fuelled by the unfair university
admission criteria in Sri Lanka? Explain your answer. 
(b) The key factor to the economic woes of Sri Lanka was the rampant armed
violence in the nation. Do you agree? Explain your answer. 
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