Regional Transportation AllianceChapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce       Regional Transportation Update             ...
Regional Transportation Alliance• 23 chambers of commerce, 100+ members• Founded by Cary, Chapel Hill-Carrboro,  Durham an...
Regional Transportation Alliance• Focus on advancing top mobility priorities:   – Highways   – Transit   – High speed rail...
2011 RTA Action Plan• Legislation and policy   - Catalyze regional transportation policy• Streets and Highways    - Constr...
2011 RTA Action Plan• Legislation and policy   - Catalyze regional transportation policy• Streets and Highways    - Constr...
2011 RTA Action Plan• Streets and Highways – additional priorities    - Keep the 540/Triangle Expressway turnpike/extensio...
2011 RTA Action Plan• Streets and Highways – additional priorities    - Keep the 540/Triangle Expressway turnpike/extensio...
Regional transit – recent activity2006     – TTA withdraws federal funding request for regional rail plan2007     – Specia...
Regional transitChamber /RTA focus on transit–   1989-present – Continued support for transit options–   2005 – RTA trip t...
Regional transitChamber /RTA focus on transit–   2009/10/11 – RTA /Chamber transit polling held–   2010/11 – RTA Transport...
Regional transit – current process2010     – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail al...
Regional transit – current process2010     – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail al...
Regional transit – current process2010     – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail al...
Regional transit – current process2010     – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail al...
Regional TransitWhat is transit? - Travel within a metro area - In a vehicle that you don’t own - That you don’t have to d...
Regional TransitWhat is transit? - Buses - Rail - Circulators - Private taxis and shared-ride shuttles
Local Buses• Backbone of any local transit system, provides movement within city• Most run continuously during day and per...
Regional or Commuter Buses• Backbone of any regional transit system, routes to/through the region• Some may run continuous...
Light Rail• What many people think of when they hear “transit”• Provides all-day movement within city, stops every mile or...
Commuter Rail• Connects outlying workers to regional employers• Can provide rail connection within region; most trains in ...
Local Circulators• Intended to solve the “last mile problem” for major destinations• Rapidly circulating buses and trolley...
Area Circulators• Emerging personal rapid transit (PRT) seeks to reduce most waiting• Provides non-stop, point-to-point “l...
Private Taxis, Shared-Ride Shuttles• Complements public transit by providing premium service option• Shared-ride less expe...
Rail corridors being studied(continued)
Commuter rail options by 2025(continued)
Light rail options by 2025(continued)
Light rail options by 2025(continued)
Regional transit – current process2010     – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail al...
High Speed Rail                  • SE HSR corridor will link region to                    Richmond, Washington DC,        ...
Bus Planning    •   new service    •   increased frequency    •   park and ride    •   amenities                          ...
DRAFT Orange Bus and Rail Investment Plan        Bus Investment                  Rail Investment • New bus hours by end of...
Durham-Orange (Light Rail)                             32
Light Rail Connection at theDurham and Orange  County Boarder                33
34
35
Elements of draft plan• Light rail: Chapel Hill to Durham  ― 10 minute frequency during peak  ― 20 minute rest of day/even...
Elements of draft plan• Commuter rail: Durham to Raleigh  ― 20-30 minute frequency during peak  ― “opportunity for some li...
Elements of draft plan• Expanded bus service – Durham only  ―   Currently DATA provides 177,000 hours of service  ―   Plan...
Elements of draft plan• Expanded bus service – Orange only  ― Currently Chapel Hill transit provides 190,000 hours of    s...
Elements of draft plan• Summary of draft plan – Durham only  ―   Rail Capital: $1,669m (YOE$) = $1,350m (2011$)  ―   Rail ...
Elements of draft plan• Summary of draft plan – Orange only  ―   Rail Capital: $423m (YOE$) = $330m (2011$)  ―   Rail O&M:...
Financial Resources available for Transit• Local revenue in Transit Investment Plan   ― ½ sales tax   ― $7 vehicle registr...
Financial Resources available for Transit• Overall assumptions  • “All of the elements listed in the Draft    Durham Count...
Financial Resources available for Transit• RTA/Chamber poll results for 1/2c taxOrange County2011 59.2 For, 37.6 Against, ...
Financial Resources available for Transit• RTA/Chamber poll results for 1/2c tax + 1/4c taxOrange County2011 55.1 For, 35....
Approval Process:Who Must Approve Bus and Rail Investment Plan?•   Durham-Chapel Hill-Carrboro MPO•   Triangle Transit Boa...
Orange County Transit Plan dates• DCHC MPO TAC Financial Plan Review – May 11• BOCC Briefing – May 17• Triangle Transit Re...
Durham County Transit Plan dates• DCHC MPO TAC Financial Plan Review – May 11• Durham City Council review of plan – May 19...
Chamber and enhanced transitSuggested guidance regarding possible action• Treat discussion of position on plan separate fr...
Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)
Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)           • Buses bypass slower traffic on             freeways or boulevards when main    ...
Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)States with active bus on shoulder programs: Northeast/Mid-Atlantic   NJ, DE, VA, MD South  ...
Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)Encourages transit usage• Creates time predictable,  reliable alternative to  congestion• Av...
Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)• I-40 Regional Partnership Initiative focus• NC BOSS Implementations and Operations Plan  a...
Regional Transportation AllianceChapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce       Regional Transportation Update             ...
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Regional Transportation Alliance presentation on Regional Transit and BOSS

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Joe Milazzo, director of the Regional Transportation Alliance, made a presentation to the Economic Development & Public Policy Committee on June 7, 2011. He reviewed the draft regional transit plan for the Triangle and the Bus on Shoulder System (BOSS).

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Regional Transportation Alliance presentation on Regional Transit and BOSS

  1. 1. Regional Transportation AllianceChapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce Regional Transportation Update Tuesday, June 7, 2011 Joe Milazzo II, PE Executive Director, RTA
  2. 2. Regional Transportation Alliance• 23 chambers of commerce, 100+ members• Founded by Cary, Chapel Hill-Carrboro, Durham and Raleigh Chambers in1999• Voice of regional business community on regional transportation issues• “Business leaders for regional mobility”
  3. 3. Regional Transportation Alliance• Focus on advancing top mobility priorities: – Highways – Transit – High speed rail – Air service• Economic vitality and quality of life
  4. 4. 2011 RTA Action Plan• Legislation and policy - Catalyze regional transportation policy• Streets and Highways - Construct Triangle Connector to I-85 - Coordinate I-40 Regional Partnership• Regional Transit - Encourage vetted transit plans, progress towards referendum• Intercity High Speed Rail - Advance high speed rail between Richmond and Raleigh• Air Service - Increase flights at RDU and assist with marketing efforts• Member Relations and Development - Foster retention, engagement, outreach
  5. 5. 2011 RTA Action Plan• Legislation and policy - Catalyze regional transportation policy• Streets and Highways - Construct Triangle Connector to I-85 - Coordinate I-40 Regional Partnership• Regional Transit - Encourage vetted transit plans, progress towards referendum• Intercity High Speed Rail - Advance high speed rail between Richmond and Raleigh• Air Service - Increase flights at RDU and assist with marketing efforts• Member Relations and Development - Foster retention, engagement, outreach
  6. 6. 2011 RTA Action Plan• Streets and Highways – additional priorities - Keep the 540/Triangle Expressway turnpike/extension moving - Accelerate I-40 widening south of Raleigh - Designate US 64 east as future Interstate - Seek improvements to US 64 west and NC 54 east
  7. 7. 2011 RTA Action Plan• Streets and Highways – additional priorities - Keep the 540/Triangle Expressway turnpike/extension moving - Accelerate I-40 widening south of Raleigh - Designate US 64 east as future Interstate - Seek improvements to US 64 west and NC 54 east
  8. 8. Regional transit – recent activity2006 – TTA withdraws federal funding request for regional rail plan2007 – Special Transit Advisory Committee (STAC) of business and civic leaders charged with forging a new vision for transit2008 – STAC recommends 51 mi of rail, expanded bus, circulators2009 – MPOs (Metro planners) approve long-range plan w/ transit2009 – Legislature passes Intermodal (H148) and Rail (H1005) bills2009,10 – Raleigh, Durham begin free, rapid downtown circulators2008,10 – NC Railroad commuter rail capacity, ridership studies2010/11 – Triangle Transit conducting Alternatives Analysis of rail2011 – Three counties exploring possible rail, bus plans
  9. 9. Regional transitChamber /RTA focus on transit– 1989-present – Continued support for transit options– 2005 – RTA trip to San Diego (light rail/trolley, commuter rail, etc.)– 2007/8 – Cary, Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill visits to Charlotte– 2008 – RTA created region’s first transit overview map– 2008/9 – Supported Special Transit Advisory Commission (STAC)– 2009 – RTA trip to Dallas (express commuter rail, light rail, etc.)– 2009 – Turnpike groundbreaking after 4-5 years of effort– 2009 – Successfully lobbied for local empowerment legislation– 2009 – RTA coordinated study of transit funding with Mike Walden
  10. 10. Regional transitChamber /RTA focus on transit– 2009/10/11 – RTA /Chamber transit polling held– 2010/11 – RTA Transportation Breakfast – County Leaders Remarks– 2010 – RTA Annual Meeting included interactive exercise– 2010/11 – RTA action team meetings / “Making Transit Simpler”– 2010/11 – RTA outreach on transit– 2010/11 – Coordinate I-40 Regional Partnership meetings / Focus on Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)– 2011/11 – Alternatives Analysis Outreach Steering Committee– 2011 – RTA trip to Denver – commuter rail, light rail, transit circulator, multi-modal transit stations, multiple referenda– 2011 – RTA Solutions Forum – Regional Transit Improvements– 2011 – Preparation for Referendum / Referenda
  11. 11. Regional transit – current process2010 – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail alternative analysis and local bus studies2011 ? – Elected leaders decide: – What the regional plan should look like in each county: Specific bus, rail, circulators … and priorities for each – Whether, and when to take the plan to referendum
  12. 12. Regional transit – current process2010 – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail alternative analysis and local bus studies2011 ? – Elected leaders decide: – What the regional plan should look like in each county: Specific bus, rail, circulators … and priorities for each – Whether, and when to take the plan to referendum Based on strength of economy
  13. 13. Regional transit – current process2010 – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail alternative analysis and local bus studies2011 ? – Elected leaders decide: – What the regional plan should look like in each county: Specific bus, rail, circulators … and priorities for each Based on goals of and input from community – Whether, and when to take the plan to referendum Based on strength of economy
  14. 14. Regional transit – current process2010 – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail alternative analysis and local bus studies2010-11 – Business community must engage in the dialogue about what our enhanced transit system should be2011 ? – Elected leaders decide: – What the regional plan should look like in each county: Specific bus, rail, circulators … and priorities for each Based on goals of and input from community – Whether, and when to take the plan to referendum Based on strength of economy
  15. 15. Regional TransitWhat is transit? - Travel within a metro area - In a vehicle that you don’t own - That you don’t have to drive, and don’t have to parkWhy don’t people use transit more often? - They have to think about how to use it before they go - It won’t get them where they want to go in time for many tripsEnhancing transit options would enhance transit usage
  16. 16. Regional TransitWhat is transit? - Buses - Rail - Circulators - Private taxis and shared-ride shuttles
  17. 17. Local Buses• Backbone of any local transit system, provides movement within city• Most run continuously during day and perhaps evening as well Max wait for next bus (“headway”) Typically 15 - 60 minutes Can be added in 1 year
  18. 18. Regional or Commuter Buses• Backbone of any regional transit system, routes to/through the region• Some may run continuously, others just during peak hours Max wait for next bus (“headway”) Typically 20 - 60 minutes Some only run in peak Can be added in 1 year
  19. 19. Light Rail• What many people think of when they hear “transit”• Provides all-day movement within city, stops every mile or less Max wait for next light rail train Typically 5 - 15 minutes Up to 30 mins. off-peak Can be open in 9 years
  20. 20. Commuter Rail• Connects outlying workers to regional employers• Can provide rail connection within region; most trains in peak only Max wait for next commuter train Typically 20 - 60 minutes Most run only in peak Can be open in 6 years
  21. 21. Local Circulators• Intended to solve the “last mile problem” for major destinations• Rapidly circulating buses and trolleys reduce parking needs Max wait for downtown circulator Typically 3 - 15 minutes Can be added in 1 year
  22. 22. Area Circulators• Emerging personal rapid transit (PRT) seeks to reduce most waiting• Provides non-stop, point-to-point “last mile” service for an area Max wait for next PRT vehicle Typically 0 - 5 minutes Can be open in 6 years
  23. 23. Private Taxis, Shared-Ride Shuttles• Complements public transit by providing premium service option• Shared-ride less expensive than taxi but adds intermediate stops• Both SuperShuttle and RDU Airport Taxi serve RDU airport today Max wait for next taxi, shared-ride Typically 0 - 15 minutes
  24. 24. Rail corridors being studied(continued)
  25. 25. Commuter rail options by 2025(continued)
  26. 26. Light rail options by 2025(continued)
  27. 27. Light rail options by 2025(continued)
  28. 28. Regional transit – current process2010 – We have STAC vision, MPO plan, commuter rail studies2010-11 – Ongoing rail alternative analysis and local bus studies2010-11 – Business community must engage in the dialogue about what our enhanced transit system should be2011 ? – Elected leaders decide: – What the regional plan should look like in each county: Specific bus, rail, circulators … and priorities for each Based on goals of and input from community – Whether, and when to take the plan to referendum Based on strength of economy
  29. 29. High Speed Rail • SE HSR corridor will link region to Richmond, Washington DC, Hampton Roads, points north on Northeast corridor • January 2010 - NCDOT received approval for $500m in federal funding for Raleigh-Charlotte upgrades, future service options • May 2011 - Raleigh Richmond link received $4m in federal funding for environmental and ridership studies
  30. 30. Bus Planning • new service • increased frequency • park and ride • amenities Financial Model The Public Input • Balance of Bus & Rail draft • Settings for variables • Use of borrowing Plan • Plan must be affordable! Alternatives Analysis• Light Rail• Commuter Rail• Stations 30• Cost Estimates
  31. 31. DRAFT Orange Bus and Rail Investment Plan Bus Investment Rail Investment • New bus hours by end of • Opening year of Light Rail FIRST year – 22,050 hrs – 2025 • New bus hours by end of • LRT Capital Cost - $330 m THIRD year - 44,100 hrs • LRT Annual Operating • Total number of new bus Cost – $3.2 m hours by 2035 – 50,400 hrs • MLK Busway Improvements completed * Sales Tax Growth Rate – -2017 3.6 % • Potential Rail Dividend Bus Hours – 30,000 to 45,000
  32. 32. Durham-Orange (Light Rail) 32
  33. 33. Light Rail Connection at theDurham and Orange County Boarder 33
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. Elements of draft plan• Light rail: Chapel Hill to Durham ― 10 minute frequency during peak ― 20 minute rest of day/evening/weekends ― 17 miles, 35 minutes including stops [avg. 29 MPH] ― 17 stations, from Smith Center to Durham/Alston ― 2035 projections: > 12,000 boardings per day ― $1.4b total capital cost for corridor [$82m/mi] ― $15m annual O&M costs for corridor
  37. 37. Elements of draft plan• Commuter rail: Durham to Raleigh ― 20-30 minute frequency during peak ― “opportunity for some limited off-peak service” ― “no initial weekend service is planned” ― 37 miles, 51 minutes including stops [avg. 44 MPH] ― 12 stations, from W Durham-RTP-Cary-Raleigh-Garner ― 2035 projections: > 7,000 boardings per day ― $645m total capital cost for corridor [$17m/mi] ― $11m annual O&M costs for corridor
  38. 38. Elements of draft plan• Expanded bus service – Durham only ― Currently DATA provides 177,000 hours of service ― Plan would add 50,000 hours in first three years ― Plan would add additional 27,000 hours over 23 yrs ― $15m in small capital costs
  39. 39. Elements of draft plan• Expanded bus service – Orange only ― Currently Chapel Hill transit provides 190,000 hours of service ― Plan would add 44,000 hours in first three years ― Plan would add additional 6,000 hours over 22 yrs ― Plan would implement Bus Rapid Transit on MLK, at a capital cost of $22m ― $19m in small capital costs beyond MLK BRT
  40. 40. Elements of draft plan• Summary of draft plan – Durham only ― Rail Capital: $1,669m (YOE$) = $1,350m (2011$) ― Rail O&M: $283m ― Bus Capital: $47m ― Bus Ops: $151m ― Debt: $136m• Summary of draft plan – Durham only ― Rail Capital + O&M: 89% (2011 $) ― Bus Capital + O&M: 11%
  41. 41. Elements of draft plan• Summary of draft plan – Orange only ― Rail Capital: $423m (YOE$) = $330m (2011$) ― Rail O&M: $58m ― Bus Capital: $41m (including MLK bus lanes) ― Bus Ops: $127m ― Debt: $23m• Summary of draft plan – Orange only ― Rail Capital + O&M: 70% (2011 $) ― Bus Capital + O&M: 30%
  42. 42. Financial Resources available for Transit• Local revenue in Transit Investment Plan ― ½ sales tax ― $7 vehicle registration fee ― $3 increase in Triangle Transit vehicle fee ― Rental car tax revenue• State participation – 25% assumed for rail• Federal participation – 50% assumed for rail
  43. 43. Financial Resources available for Transit• Overall assumptions • “All of the elements listed in the Draft Durham County Bus and Rail Investment Plan are fiscally constrained.” • “At every turn, the Plan has been conservative in revenue assumptions and through added contingencies for capital and operating expenditures.”
  44. 44. Financial Resources available for Transit• RTA/Chamber poll results for 1/2c taxOrange County2011 59.2 For, 37.6 Against, 3.2 Unsure2010 61 For, 35 Against, 4 Unsure2009 56.6 For, 37.4 Against, 6.0 UnsureDurham County2011 59.7 For, 33.6 Against, 6.7 Unsure2010 58 For, 41 Against, 2 Unsure2009 52.2 For, 45.9 Against, 2.0 Unsure
  45. 45. Financial Resources available for Transit• RTA/Chamber poll results for 1/2c tax + 1/4c taxOrange County2011 55.1 For, 35.9 Against, 6.7 Unsure (total 3/4c)2011 59.2 For, 37.6 Against, 3.2 Unsure (1/2c alone)Durham County2011 54.2 For, 40.3 Against, 5.5 Unsure (total 3/4c)2011 59.7 For, 33.6 Against, 6.7 Unsure (1/2c alone)
  46. 46. Approval Process:Who Must Approve Bus and Rail Investment Plan?• Durham-Chapel Hill-Carrboro MPO• Triangle Transit Board of Trustees• Orange County Commission• Durham County Commission * All municipalities within Durham and Orange County must receive copy of Bus and Rail Transit Plan for review * Each county can act alone if desired, although Triangle Transit is implementing agency for 2+ counties
  47. 47. Orange County Transit Plan dates• DCHC MPO TAC Financial Plan Review – May 11• BOCC Briefing – May 17• Triangle Transit Review of D/O Financial Plan – May 25• BOCC Review of Financial Plan – June 7 (tonight)• MPO open houses on plan – June 14, 16 in Orange Co.• DCHC TCC Approval of D/O Financial Plan – June 20• DCHC TAC Approval of D/O Financial Plan – June 22• Future BOCC meetings to approve plan and authorize referendum – TBA, next meeting is June 21• Triangle Transit Board Approval – June 22
  48. 48. Durham County Transit Plan dates• DCHC MPO TAC Financial Plan Review – May 11• Durham City Council review of plan – May 19• Triangle Transit Review of D/O Financial Plan – May 25• BOCC Review of Financial Plan – June 6• MPO open houses on plan – June 7, 8, 15 in Durham Co.• DCHC TCC Approval of D/O Financial Plan – June 20• DCHC TAC Approval of D/O Financial Plan – June 22• Future BOCC meetings to approve plan and authorize referendum – next meetings are June 13, 27• Triangle Transit Board Approval – June 22
  49. 49. Chamber and enhanced transitSuggested guidance regarding possible action• Treat discussion of position on plan separate from discussion of position on referendum• Recognize that plan is in draft form, at least right now• Evaluate plan based on whether it meets and reflects needs and desires of community today and in future• Be clear about assumptions, tradeoffs, and choices inherent in the plan• Evaluate position on and support for referendum based on timing -- after decision on plan reached
  50. 50. Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)
  51. 51. Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS) • Buses bypass slower traffic on freeways or boulevards when main lanes less than 35 MPH • Buses limited to 35 MPH on shoulder • Buses cannot go more than 15 MPH faster than other traffic
  52. 52. Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)States with active bus on shoulder programs: Northeast/Mid-Atlantic NJ, DE, VA, MD South FL, GA Midwest MN*, OH West CA, WA Minnesota was first to implement Bus on Shoulders over 20 years ago
  53. 53. Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)Encourages transit usage• Creates time predictable, reliable alternative to congestion• Avoids thinking on journey• Allows more people/vehicles to travel during congested periods• Keeps buses on schedule• Saves transit operating costs
  54. 54. Bus on Shoulder Systems (BOSS)• I-40 Regional Partnership Initiative focus• NC BOSS Implementations and Operations Plan approved draft by NCDOT, FHWA, Triangle Transit• Summer 2011: • Selection of pilot BOSS corridors • Shoulder improvements / restrictions • Finalization of driver training program
  55. 55. Regional Transportation AllianceChapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce Regional Transportation Update Tuesday, June 7, 2011 Joe Milazzo II, PE Executive Director, RTA

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