Keynote: SemSci 2017: Enabling Open Semantic Science
1st International Workshop co-located with ISWC 2017, October 2017, Vienna, Austria,
We have all grown up with the research article and article collections (let’s call them libraries) as the prime means of scientific discourse. But research output is more than just the rhetorical narrative. The experimental methods, computational codes, data, algorithms, workflows, Standard Operating Procedures, samples and so on are the objects of research that enable reuse and reproduction of scientific experiments, and they too need to be examined and exchanged as research knowledge.
We can think of “Research Objects” as different types and as packages all the components of an investigation. If we stop thinking of publishing papers and start thinking of releasing Research Objects (software), then scholar exchange is a new game: ROs and their content evolve; they are multi-authored and their authorship evolves; they are a mix of virtual and embedded, and so on.
But first, some baby steps before we get carried away with a new vision of scholarly communication. Many journals (e.g. eLife, F1000, Elsevier) are just figuring out how to package together the supplementary materials of a paper. Data catalogues are figuring out how to virtually package multiple datasets scattered across many repositories to keep the integrated experimental context.
Research Objects  (http://researchobject.org/) is a framework by which the many, nested and contributed components of research can be packaged together in a systematic way, and their context, provenance and relationships richly described. The brave new world of containerisation provides the containers and Linked Data provides the metadata framework for the container manifest construction and profiles. It’s not just theory, but also in practice with examples in Systems Biology modelling, Bioinformatics computational workflows, and Health Informatics data exchange. I’ll talk about why and how we got here, the framework and examples, and what we need to do.
 Sean Bechhofer, Iain Buchan, David De Roure, Paolo Missier, John Ainsworth, Jiten Bhagat, Philip Couch, Don Cruickshank, Mark Delderfield, Ian Dunlop, Matthew Gamble, Danius Michaelides, Stuart Owen, David Newman, Shoaib Sufi, Carole Goble, Why linked data is not enough for scientists, In Future Generation Computer Systems, Volume 29, Issue 2, 2013, Pages 599-611, ISSN 0167-739X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2011.08.004