The Usages of the Present Simple USE 1: daily habits, usual activities USE 2: Facts or Generalizations
The Usages of the Present Simplea) Peter eats lunch every day. daily habits,b) I usually study English on Monday. usual activitiesc) Dogs bark. Lions roar general statements of fact
The Usages of the Present SimpleUSE1: Present Simple USE 2: an Present Simpleaction is repeated or indicate the speaker believesusual that a fact was true before true now, and will be true in the future
The Usages of the Present SimpleSubject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object- Cats like milk.- Birds do not like milk.- Windows are made of glass.- Windows are not made of wood.
The Usages of the Present Simple Present Simple, third person singular Note: he, she, itA: in the third person singular the verb, always ends in : s he want s she need s Some verbs change their spelling when s is added in the third person singular.
a. Verbs ending in yWhen a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a consonant, the y is changed to iebefore the ending s is added. In each of the following examples, the consonantimmediately preceding the final y is underlined. Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular study studies fly flies carry carriesHowever, when a verb ends in y immediately preceded by a vowel, the y is notchanged before the ending s is added. In each of the following examples, the vowelimmediately preceding the final y is underlined. Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular say says enjoy enjoys buy buys
b. Verbs ending in oWhen a verb ends in o, the letter e is added before the s ending. Forexample:Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular do does echo echoes go goesc. Verbs ending in ch, s, sh, x or zWhen a verb ends in a sibilant sound such as ch, s, sh, x or z, the letter e isadded before the s ending. For example: Bare Infinitive Third Person Singular pass passes push pushes watch watches fix fixes buzz buzzes
Negative and question forms use DOES (=the thirdperson of the auxiliaryDO) + the infinitive of the verb.He wants. Does he want? He does not want.
1.Third person singular with s or esa. He goes to school every morning.b. She understands English.c. It mixes the sand and the water.d. He tries very hard.e. She enjoys playing the piano.
The present simple is used:A.to express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes: I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth). -She only eats fish. -He drinks tea at breakfast -They watch television regularly
B. to give instructions or directions:You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left. You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
c. to express fixed arrangements, present or future: Your exam starts at 09:00. The bell rings at 8:00. The bus arrives at 7:00
D.to express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until: Hell give it to you when you come next Saturday His mother arrives tomorrow. Our holiday starts on the 26th March. Shell see you before she leaves.
Time expressionsThere are time expressions that we use only with thePresent Simple and they are:1.Every day, every Friday, every week, every month, everysummer, every month, every year, always, usually, etc.2.All the time I go to school every day. He visits me, every summer.
The Usages of the Present Progressive I am reading He is cooking They are boxing
The Usages of the Present Progressive When we talk about something that is happening right now, we use a special form called the present progressive (also called the present continuous). For example, in the picture on the left, the man is playing soccer. He’s running and kicking the ball.
The man is playing soccer. He’s running and kicking the ball. Notice that we need two verbs to express this idea: A form of BE: am is are An -ing form of another verb: playing running kicking
The Usages of the Present Progressive In English, we can use the present progressive to talk about the future: What are you doing this afternoon? I’m working on my term paper.
Present Progressive Form:We form the present progressive with a present form of to be(am, is, are) and ing-verb: Affirmative sentences: I am playing football You are playing football I´m playing football You ´re playing football Negative sentences: I am not playing football You are not playing football I´m not playing football You ´re not playing football Questions: Am I playing football? Are you playing football?
Present Progressive Spelling Basic rule: Just add – ing to the base verb: work working play playing assist assistingException 1: If the base verb ends in consonant+ stressed vowel + consonant, double the last letter: stop stopping run running begin beginning Exception 2: If the base verb ends in ie, change the ie to y: lie lying die dying Exception 3: If the base verb ends in vowel + consonant + e. omit the e: come coming mistake mistaking
Present Progressive Signal WordsNow At the moment Listen! Nowadays look