Session 11


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Session 11

  1. 1. Competency 2 Component # 1-013-311 Center for Professional Learning Session 11 Instructor: Carmen S. Concepcion Application of Research-Based Instructional Practices Fall 2010 Reading … Set … Go!
  2. 2. Share Follow Up Assignment <ul><li>Select one strategy to implement with your students. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring sample student work to next session. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection to blog: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection to comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments, questions, insights </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What does research say about Oral Language? <ul><li>“ Research consistently demonstrates that the more children </li></ul><ul><li>know about language…the better equipped they are to </li></ul><ul><li>succeed in reading.” </li></ul><ul><li>Burns, Griffin, & Snow, 1999, p. 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Oral language involves both listening (receptive) and speaking (expressive), and includes vocabulary development. </li></ul><ul><li>Children need opportunities to engage in frequent conversations –to talk and listen to responsive adults and to their peers. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why is oral language an important consideration for all teachers? <ul><li>“ . . . comprehension skills develop simultaneously with basic language skills and have their roots in early narrative comprehension . . . In terms of interventions, a clear implication is that we should be careful not to focus on the teaching of decoding skills to the exclusion of other skills; that is, we should not wait until children are proficient in decoding before beginning instruction in oral language skills such as vocabulary, syntax, inference-making and comprehension monitoring.” </li></ul><ul><li>Cain & Oakhill, 2007, pp.30-31 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Oral Language <ul><li>Oral language is especially beneficial to English Language Learners who need a strong knowledge of oral vocabulary. The most effective way to enhance oral language is to provide many opportunities for students to interact with classmates and the teacher. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Instructional Practices to Enhance Oral Langauge <ul><li>Think-pair-share </li></ul><ul><li>Oral presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Open-ended questions </li></ul><ul><li>Read Alouds </li></ul><ul><li>Reader’s Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Plays </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Speeches </li></ul><ul><li>Debates </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Language-Centered Classroom Teachers Students <ul><li>Engage students in extended conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students to tell and retell stories and events </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss a wide range of topics and word meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Use new and unusual words, discuss their meanings, and encourage students to use the words </li></ul><ul><li>Ask open-ended questions </li></ul><ul><li>Give explicit guidance in vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Foster language play </li></ul><ul><li>Explore and experiment with language </li></ul><ul><li>Ask and answer what and how questions </li></ul><ul><li>Hear good models of language use </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss topics of interest to them </li></ul>
  8. 8. Big 6 Carousel <ul><li>On the chart papers provided write words and/or phrases </li></ul><ul><li>that describe each component of the Big 6. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oral Language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phonological Awareness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phonics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fluency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehension </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Putting It All Together
  10. 10. Overview <ul><li>Putting It All Together </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Designing Effective Lessons </li></ul>
  11. 11. Putting It All Together <ul><li>Beginning Oral Language and Vocabulary Development </li></ul><ul><li>Phonological and Phonemic Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabetic Understandings, Phonics, and Word Study </li></ul><ul><li>Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul>
  12. 12. Effective Teachers <ul><li>Create a literate environment </li></ul><ul><li>Present intentional instruction and provide practice </li></ul><ul><li>Choose text from a variety of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Link reading and writing activities </li></ul><ul><li>Create many opportunities for reading </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust instruction to meet students’ needs </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students’ monitoring of understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Competently manage activities, behaviors, and classroom resources </li></ul>
  13. 13. Checklist for Effective Instruction
  14. 14. Maximizing Students’ Engagement
  15. 15. Effective Reading Instruction
  16. 16. Balanced Reading Instruction <ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>What Does Research Tells Us About Reading? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Balanced Reading Instruction? </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of Balanced Reading Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>What Teachers Can Do </li></ul><ul><li>What Principles/Schools Can Do </li></ul><ul><li>What Parents Can Do </li></ul>
  17. 17. Comprehension Fair