ECLENGLISH COURSEBASICEnglish as a crucial language.
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 22AcknowledgmentsCambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary – Electronic Edition. Versio...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 33CONTENTSLESSON ONELESSON TWOLESSON THREELESSON FOURLESSON FIVE SIMPLE PRESENT == D...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 44LESSON SIXLESSON SEVENLESSON EIGHTLESSON NINELESSON TEN PRESENT CONTINUOUS == TO B...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 55LESSON 1Verb TensesSubstitution Drills1. Do you_____________ _____________ every da...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 66LESSON 1Long AnswersYesNoyouyou don’tstudystudyEnglishEnglishevery day.every day.Ye...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 77LESSON 1Personal PronounsSubject Pronouns Object PronounsI MeYou YouWe UsYou YouThe...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 88LESSON 1Definite and Indefinite ArticlesDefinite IndefiniteSingular SingularThe A _...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 99LESSON 1Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. _____________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1010LESSON 2Verb Tenses 3rd person SingularSubstitution Drills1. ________ he_________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1111LESSON 23rd PERSON SINGULAR VERB RULES FOR THE SIMPLE PRESENTGeneral rule: SVERBS...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1212LESSON 2Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ___________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1313LESSON 3Verb Tenses Part IISimple PastUsed with definite past time and completed ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1414LESSON 3Substitution Drills1. ________ he___________ ____________ yesterday?2. Di...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1515LESSON 3Regular VerbsBase Form Simple PastSTUDY STUDIEDTRAVEL TRAVELEDLIKE LIKEDN...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1616LESSON 3Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ___________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1717LESSON 4To beSimple Present and Simple PastAmWasI an important person?AreWereyou ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1818LESSON 4Substitution Drills1. _______ he a _______________ _______________?2. ___...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1919LESSON 4To beFuture and ConditionalWillWouldI be a lawyer?WillWouldyou be a teach...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2020LESSON 4Substitution Drills1. ________ he________________ a ____________?2. _____...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2121LESSON 4Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ___________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2222LESSON 4Nouns AdjectivesNationalities ProfessionsQuestions using HowHow tall are ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2323LESSON 4Plural of nounsREGULAR VOWEL MUTATIONENDING IN ENDING IN F / FES /SS/ CH ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2424LESSON 4Exercises1. Change the following sentences to the plural.a. The knife is ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2525LESSON 5Interrogative PronounsWhat is your last name? Things and animalsWhere do ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2626LESSON 5Substitution Drills1. ________ _______he______ ________ _________?2. ____...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2727LESSON 5Subject Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Possessive PronounsI MY MINEYOU YO...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2828LESSON 5FAMILY TREETONYHUSBANDFATHERGRANDFATHERGREAT-GRANDFATHERGASPERSONBROTHERH...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2929LESSON 5Exercises1. Change the underlined words for the suitable pronouns.a. Jane...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3030LESSON 5Prepositions of placeI am behind the kitchen’s door.You are beside my eld...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3131LESSON 5Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ___________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3232LESSON 6Verb Tenses Part IIIPresent Continuous and Past ContinuousActions in prog...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3333LESSON 6YesNoYesNoyou areyou aren’tyou wereyou weren’treading a booknow.last nigh...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3434LESSON 6Substitution Drills1. ______ he___________ _____________ yesterday?2. ___...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3535LESSON 6Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ___________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3636LESSON 7Verb Tenses Part IVImmediate Future and Future in the PastFuture in the P...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3737LESSON 7YesNoYesNoyou areyou aren’tyou wereyou weren’tgoing to explain the lesson...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3838LESSON 7Substitution Drills1. ___ he________ ___ _________ ______ yesterday?2. __...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3939LESSON 7Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ___________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4040LESSON 8Which do you prefer – a car or a motorcycle?Which is used in questions an...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4141LESSON 8Expressing equality using long adjectivesExpressing superiority using sho...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4242LESSON 8Exercises1 .Fill in the blanks with the right form of the adjectives inpa...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4343LESSON 82. Make questions for these answers below.a. ____________________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4444LESSON 9Comparison of adjectivesSUPERLATIVEExpressing superiority using short adj...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4545LESSON 9Exercises1 .Fill in the blanks with the right form of the adjectives inpa...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4646LESSON 92. Make questions for these answers below.a. ____________________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4747LESSON 10THERE TO BESimple presentFuture (will)WouldThere is a party tonight.Ther...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4848LESSON 10Simple Past(There + Verb to be in the Past)Immediate Future(Verb to be i...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4949LESSON 10Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. __________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5050LESSON 10Cardinal and Ordinal NumbersCardinal NumbersOrdinal Numbers1 – One 11 – ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5151LESSON 10What time is it now?To After or PastHalvesQuarters2:00It’s two o’clock.I...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5252LESSON 10Exercises1. Write in full the numbers below.a. 452______________________...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5353Picture Dictionary
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5454
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5555
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5656
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5757
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5858
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5959
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6060VocabularyColorsBlue RedYellow BrownGreen Gray / GreyPurple BlackWhite OrangePink...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6161REGULAR VERBSINFINITIVE BASE FORM –S FORM SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE GERUNDTO AD...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6262TO MISS MISS (ES) MISSED MISSED MISSINGTO NEED NEED (S) NEEDED NEEDED NEEDINGTO N...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6363IRREGULAR VERBSINFINITIVE BASE FORM –S FORM SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE GERUNDTO ...
ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6464TO SING SING (S) SANG SUNG SINGINGTO SLEEP SLEEP (S) SLEPT SLEPT SLEEPINGTO SPEAK...
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Basic english book and grammar

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Basic english book and grammar

  1. 1. ECLENGLISH COURSEBASICEnglish as a crucial language.
  2. 2. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 22AcknowledgmentsCambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary – Electronic Edition. Version 1.1.Courtney, Rosemary - Longman Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs.Fisk English Course – Books – Basic one / two, Book four, Book five, Book six,Advanced two, Free Conversation.Longman Dictionary of English Idioms.Serpa, Oswaldo – Gramática da Língua Inglesa. Rio de Janeiro 1966.Swan, Michael and Walter, Catherine – How English Works – A Grammar PracticeBook With Answers. Oxford.Planned and Prepared byRicardo Fernandes MarquesCopyrightRICARDO FERNANDES MARQUESRua Antônio Gonçalves 109 Porto VelhoSão Gonçalo, R.JBrasil
  3. 3. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 33CONTENTSLESSON ONELESSON TWOLESSON THREELESSON FOURLESSON FIVE SIMPLE PRESENT == DO/FREQUENCY ADVERBS/HOW OFTEN FUTURE == WILL CONDITIONAL == WOULD PERSONAL PRONOUNS== SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS THE ALPHABET ONE/ONES (AS THE SUBJECT OR THE OBJECT OF A SENTENCE) DAYS OF THE WEEK AND MONTHS OF THE YEAR DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS == THIS, THESE THAT AND THOSE DEFINITE ARTICLE ==THE / INDEFINITE ARTICLE == A AND AN EXPRESSIONS HOW OFTEN / FREQUENCY ADVERBSLONG ANSWERS USING I, YOU, WE, YOU AND THEY SIMPLE PRESENT == DOES CONDITIONAL == WOULD FUTURE == WILL PERSONAL PRONOUNS == SUBJECT AN OBJECT PRONOUNS 3rdPERSON SINGULAR VERB RULES FOR THE SIMPLE PRESENT 3rdPERSON SINGULAR VERB PRONUNCIATION RULES FOR THE SIMPLEPRESENT EXPRESSIONSLONG ANSWERS USING HE, SHE AND IT SIMPLE PAST == DID ( ALL THE PERSONAL PRONOUNS) REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS SIMPLE PRESENT == TO BE / ADJECTIVES/ QUESTIONS WITH HOW SIMPLE PAST == TO BE / BOXES- NATIONALITIES AND PROFESSIONS FUTURE == WILL == TO BE CONDITIONAL == WOULD == TO BE PLURAL OF NOUNS == REGULAR AND IRREGULAR INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS == WHAT, WHERE WHEN, WHO, WHY ANDWHOSE. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS == MINE, YOURS, HIS, HERS, ITS, OURS, YOURS,THEIRS. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES == MY, YOUR, HIS, HER, ITS, OUR, YOUR, THEIR. POSSESSIVE CASE. FAMILY TREE PREPOSITIONS == THE MAIN ONES == IN, ON, OVER, AT, BESIDE, BEHIND,ABOVE, BELOW, BETWEEN, AMONG AND UNDER.
  4. 4. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 44LESSON SIXLESSON SEVENLESSON EIGHTLESSON NINELESSON TEN PRESENT CONTINUOUS == TO BE (PRESENT) + MAIN VERB+ ING FORM. PAST CONTINUOUS == TO BE (PAST) + MAIN VERB+ ING FORM. IMMEDIATE FUTURE == TO BE (PRESENT)+GOING TO + MAIN VERB IN THEBASE FORM PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR FUTURE FUTURE IN THE PAST== TO BE (PAST)+GOING TO + MAIN VERB IN THE BASEFORMCOMPARATIVE OF ADJECTIVES.LONG ADJECTIVESWHICH EQUALITY == AS *********AS SUPERIORITY == MORE********THAN INFERIORITY == LESS*******THANSHORT ADJECTIVES EQUALITY == AS ********AS SUPERIORITY == •••ER *******THANSUPERLATIVE OF ADJECTIVES.LONG ADJECTIVES SUPERIORITY == THE MOST INFERIORITY == THE LEASTSHORT ADJECTIVES SUPERIORITY == THE *******•••EST THERE TO BE == ALL THE TENSES PRESENTED UP TO NOW. CARDINAL AND ORDINAL NUMBERS. WHAT TIME IS IT?
  5. 5. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 55LESSON 1Verb TensesSubstitution Drills1. Do you_____________ _____________ every day?2. Will they _________________ English tomorrow?3. Will I study ______________ ________________?4. Would ______ _________ to England _________?5. Do ________ ______________ German every day?Do I study English every day?Simple PresentUsed to describe habitual actions, routineand for opinions and beliefs.Will you speak German tonight?FutureUsed to indicate promises, threats,inevitability, desire, unplanned things(you have just decided), predictions basedon nothing and in the negative refusal.Will we travel to England tomorrow?FutureWould you like to dance tonight?ConditionalUsed to refer to a situation that you canimagine happening:I would hate to miss the show. Used with ifin conditional sentences. Used as a morepolite form of will in requests and offers.Do they need to study every day?Simple Present
  6. 6. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 66LESSON 1Long AnswersYesNoyouyou don’tstudystudyEnglishEnglishevery day.every day.YesNoI willI won’tspeakspeakGermanGermantonight.tonight.YesNowe/you willwe/you won’ttraveltravelto Englandto Englandtomorrow.tomorrow.YesNowe wouldwe wouldn’tlikeliketo danceto dancetonight.tonight.YesNotheythey don’tneedneedto studyto studyevery day.every day.ConditionalDemonstrative PronounsUsed to refer to future time from thepoint of view of the past:Used to refer to an intention from thepoint of view of the past:He said he would see his brothertomorrow.He said he would always love her.Near objects Far objectsSingular SingularThis ThatPlural PluralThese Those
  7. 7. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 77LESSON 1Personal PronounsSubject Pronouns Object PronounsI MeYou YouWe UsYou YouThey ThemThe Alphabet How to use them?One / OnesDays of the week and weekend Months of the yearOn Monday In JanuaryOn Tuesday In FebruaryOn Wednesday In MarchOn Thursday In AprilOn Friday In MayOn Saturday In JuneOn Sunday In JulyIn AugustIn SeptemberIn OctoberIn NovemberIn December
  8. 8. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 88LESSON 1Definite and Indefinite ArticlesDefinite IndefiniteSingular SingularThe A _ before consonant soundAn _ before vowel soundPlural PluralThe No indefinite article is usedExpressions and Useful PhrasesGOOD MORNINGGOOD AFTERNOONGOOD EVENINGBYE GOOD NIGHTGOODBYESO LONGHOW ARE YOU? I’M FINE THANKS AND YOU?HOW ARE YOU DOING? NOT TOO BAD / JUST FINE / OKAY / ALL RIGHTHIEXCUSE-MEHAVE A GOOD WEEKEND!YOU TOO!OF COURSE / SUREHow often do you study English?FREQUENCY ADVERVBS AND EXPRESSIONS1 X I study English once a week.2 X I study English twice a week3 X … I study English three times a week.ALWAYS I always study English.SOMETIMES Sometimes, I go to the club / I sometimes go to the club.HARDLY EVER They hardly ever do the exercises.SELDOM We seldom forget special dates.ONCE IN A WHILE They once in a while remember to come here to say hello.NEVER I will never forget you.
  9. 9. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 99LESSON 1Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, I wouldn’t like to eat a lot at the restaurant.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, they want me to work for them.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, they work there.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, you won’t call Jane tomorrow night.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Do the students come to school every day?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Do the teachers understand you?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Will they work very hard?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Would you like to work here?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Will you drink beer tonight?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Do you always have a good weekend?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  10. 10. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1010LESSON 2Verb Tenses 3rd person SingularSubstitution Drills1. ________ he__________ ____________ every day?2. Does she __________ English every ___________?3. Will it eat ________________ ________________?4. Would ______ ________ to England __________?Personal PronounsSubject Pronouns Object PronounsHe HimShe HerIt ItDoes he study English every day?Would she travel to England tonight?Will it bite me?
  11. 11. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1111LESSON 23rd PERSON SINGULAR VERB RULES FOR THE SIMPLE PRESENTGeneral rule: SVERBS ENDING IN: EXAMPLESSH/CH/O/X/SS WASHES/WATCHES/GOES/FIXES/DRESSESY PRECEDED BY VOWEL PLAYSY PRECEDED BY CONSONANT STUDIESHAVE HAS3rd PERSON SINGULAR VERB PRONUNCIATION RULES FOR THE SIMPLE PRESENTYesNohehe doesn’tstudiesstudyEnglishEnglishevery day.every dayYesNoshe wouldshe wouldn’ttraveltravelto Englandto Englandtonight.tonight.YesNoit willit won’tbitebiteyou.you.CALL CALLS /Z/ VOICED - VIBRATIONWORK WORKS /S/ VOICELESS – NO VIBRATIONDRESS DRESSES /IZ/ SSWATCH WATCHES /IZ/ CHBRUSH BRUSHES /IZ/ SHFIX FIXES /IZ/ XSTUDY STUDIES /IZ/ Y PRECEDED BY CONSONANTIdiomatic Expressions and Useful PhrasesHow do you spell that?What does it mean?How do I say _____ in English?May I ask you something?Everybody, please!Pardon! / I beg your pardon! / Sorry!Could you repeat that please?!
  12. 12. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1212LESSON 2Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, he wouldn’t like to eat a lot at the restaurant.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, he wants money from me.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, she works a lot every day.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, Mark won’t call Jane tomorrow night.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Does the student come to school every day?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Does the teacher understand them?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Does it like to play with you?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Would Jane like to work here?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Will he ask her out tonight?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Does he usually have a good weekend?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  13. 13. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1313LESSON 3Verb Tenses Part IISimple PastUsed with definite past time and completed past actions.Did I study English last week?Did you speak German the day before yesterday?Did he travel to England last night?Did she like to dance yesterday evening?Did it go outside this morning?Did we do the homework yesterday?Did you buy that car last summer?Did they enjoy the film the week before last?
  14. 14. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1414LESSON 3Substitution Drills1. ________ he___________ ____________ yesterday?2. Did she _______________ English last __________?3. Did it ___________ meat _____________________?4. Did _______ __________ to England ___________?YesNoyouyou didn’tstudiedstudyEnglishEnglishlast week.YesNoII didn’tspokespeakGermanGermanthe day beforeyesterday.YesNohehe didn’ttraveled totravel toEnglandEnglandlast night.YesNosheshe didn’tlikedliketo danceto danceyesterdayevening.YesNoitit didn’twentgooutside this morning.YesNowe/youwe/you didn’tdiddothe homework yesterday.YesNowewe didn’tboughtbuythat car last summer.YesNotheythey didn’tenjoyedenjoythe film the week beforelast.
  15. 15. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1515LESSON 3Regular VerbsBase Form Simple PastSTUDY STUDIEDTRAVEL TRAVELEDLIKE LIKEDNEED NEEDEDWANT WANTEDWORK WORKEDIrregular VerbsBase Form Simple PastBUY BOUGHTDO DIDSPEAK SPOKEDRINK DRANKEAT ATEGO WENTIdiomatic Expressions and Useful PhrasesThank you!You’re welcome / My pleasure / Any time / Don’t mention itHow about... / what about...I’d love to / Maybe / Perhaps.I think so / I don’t think so.It doesn’t matter.It is none of your businessPronunciation rules for the regular verbs in the simple past.Voiceless Voiced T and D SoundsPassed /t/ Opened /d/ Wanted /id /Missed /t/ Learned /d/ Needed /id /Danced /t/ Traveled /d/ Studied /id /
  16. 16. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1616LESSON 3Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, he didn’t eat a lot at the restaurant last night.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, he wanted her to come here.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, she worked hard last night.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, Mark didn’t call Jane the week before last.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Did the policeman come to school yesterday?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Did the teacher break his leg last weekend?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Did it like to play with you yesterday morning?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Did Joanne like to work here?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Did he ask her out the last time he saw her?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Did he enjoy last night party?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  17. 17. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1717LESSON 4To beSimple Present and Simple PastAmWasI an important person?AreWereyou an English student?IsWashe an honest mayor?IsWasshe a responsible girl?IsWasit an easy lesson?AreWerewe interesting people?AreWereyou classmates at ECL?AreWerethey good students?To be or not to be,That’s thequestion!
  18. 18. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1818LESSON 4Substitution Drills1. _______ he a _______________ _______________?2. _______ she an ________________ ____________?3. Was _______ at __________ _________ yesterday?4. ______ we ________________ ________________?YesNoyou are / werearen’t / weren’tan important person.YesNoIam / wasam not / wasn’tan English student.YesNoheis / wasisn’t / wasn’tan honest mayor.YesNosheis / wasisn’t / wasn’ta responsible girl.YesNoitis / wasisn’t / wasn’tan easy lesson.YesNowe/youare / werearen’t / weren’tinteresting people.YesNoweare / werearen’t / weren’tclassmates at ECL.YesNotheyare / werearen’t / weren’tgood students.To be happy ornot,That’s thequestion!
  19. 19. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 1919LESSON 4To beFuture and ConditionalWillWouldI be a lawyer?WillWouldyou be a teacher?WillWouldhe be a doctor?WillWouldshe be a nurse?WillWouldit be a good choice?WillWouldwe be afraid of the dark?WillWouldyou be there tonight?WillWouldthey be here tomorrow?
  20. 20. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2020LESSON 4Substitution Drills1. ________ he________________ a ____________?2. _____ she ________ a_____________ __________?3. Will ____ _____ at ____ ____________ _________?4. _____ we _______at ____________ ____________?YesNoyouwill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbe a lawyer.YesNoIwill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbe a teacher.YesNohewill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbe a doctor.YesNoshewill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbe a nurse.YesNoitwill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbe a good choice.YesNowe/youwill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbeafraid of thedark.YesNowewill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbe there tonight.YesNotheywill / wouldwon’t / wouldn’tbe here tomorrow.
  21. 21. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2121LESSON 4Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, he won’t be at the restaurant tonight.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, he will be an engineer when he finishes college.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?Yes, she would be here if it wasn’t cold.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, Mark wouldn’t be at Jane’s house the week before last.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Would Jane be here tonight?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Will the teacher be with us during the test?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Will you be at home tonight?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Would Joanna and Marta be with you?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Would he be at the office at this time?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Will he be at his girlfriend’s house tomorrow evening?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  22. 22. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2222LESSON 4Nouns AdjectivesNationalities ProfessionsQuestions using HowHow tall are you? I am 1,74m tall.How old are you? I am 28 years old.How beautiful is she? Oh! She is very beautiful.How late are they? They are one hour and a half late.How interesting is the book? It’s not so interesting.tall shortbeautiful uglynew oldbig smalleasy difficultcheap expensivepen chairpencil tableeraser stereowhite out TVbook VCRruler couchBrazilian AmericanItalian PortugueseSpanish BritishJapanese RussianCanadian MexicanFrenchmanFrenchwomanChineseAustralian ScotsmanScotswomanteacher lawyerdoctor nursedentist writerpsychologist butcheractor / actress mechanicwaiter / waitress firemanpoliceman cook
  23. 23. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2323LESSON 4Plural of nounsREGULAR VOWEL MUTATIONENDING IN ENDING IN F / FES /SS/ CH / SH / X / ZBOX BOXESBRUSH BRUSHESGAS GASESTOPAZ TOPAZESWATCH WATCHESDRESS DRESSESBENCH BENCHESENDING IN ENDING INO YSTUDIO STUDIOSRADIO RADIOSECHO ECHOESHERO HEROESTOMATO TOMATOESIRREGULAR IRREGULARCHILD CHILDRENOX OXENThe same pronunciation rules used for the 3rd person singular verbs are applicable tothe plural of the nouns.HORSE HORSESCHAIR CHAIRSCAR CARSBOOK BOOKSPICTURE PICTURESDESK DESKSTOOTH TEETHFOOT FEETWOMAN WOMENMOUSE MICEMAN MENLOUSE LICEBELIEF BELIEFSSAFE SAFESTHIEF THIEVESWIFE WIVESWOLF WOLVESDWARF DWARFSDWARF DWARVESDAY DAYSKEY KEYSCITY CITIESLADY LADIESFLY FLIESPERSON PEOPLEPERSON PERSONS
  24. 24. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2424LESSON 4Exercises1. Change the following sentences to the plural.a. The knife is dirty. k. He is a clever boy.b. The wolf is in the forest. l. It is a good car.c. That is a fat man. m. He has an expensive radio.d. This watch is very expensive. n. I saw a dwarf in 1999.e. This is a good child. o. She takes care of a baby.f. I saw a mouse. p. I have a nice dress.g. She is a pretty woman. q. She will buy a new book.h. It is a calm horse. r. I heard an echo.i. She has a beautiful car. s. The boy lost his watch.j. I have a smart ox. t. I Know an important person.
  25. 25. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2525LESSON 5Interrogative PronounsWhat is your last name? Things and animalsWhere do you study English? PlaceWhen is your brother’s birthday? TimeWho is coming for dinner? People (Subject)Who(m) did you talk to yesterday? People (Object)Why are you studying English? ReasonWhose car is that over there? Ownership
  26. 26. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2626LESSON 5Substitution Drills1. ________ _______he______ ________ _________?2. ________ _______she ______ ___________ _____?3. ________ _______ you___________ ______ _____?4. When _______ ______ _______________ _______?My last name is Gomes.I study English at ECL.My brother’s birthday is on May, 12th.Lisa’s parents are coming for dinner tonight.I talked to his sister yesterday.I am studying English because it’s very important.That car over there is mine.
  27. 27. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2727LESSON 5Subject Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Possessive PronounsI MY MINEYOU YOUR YOURSHE HIS HISSHE HER HERSIT ITS ITSWE OUR OURSYOU YOUR YOURSTHEY THEIR THEIRSGENITIVE CASE ( ‘S )PROPER NAMES NOUNS (SINGULAR) NOUNS(PLURAL)SHARENESSJAMES’(S) CAR THE BOY’S TOYS THE BOYS’ (X) TOYS THE BOYS’ ANDGIRLS’ TOYSMARTIN’S CAR THE GIRL’S TOYS THE GIRLS’ (X) TOYS THE BOYS ANDGIRLS’ TOYSJACK’SMOTORCYCLETHE CHILD’S FOOD THE CHILDREN’S FOOD JANE AND BOB’SCHILDRENExercises1. Change the possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns for the correct form of thenouns in parentheses:a. His motorcycle isn’t working; maybe he’s going to use theirs. (Jack /his parents)_______________________________________________________________________b. My car isn’t new, but hers is a brand new one! (Ricardo / Janet)_________________________________________________________________________________________c. Her house needs some repairs; she’s going to call his company to do it.(Magdalene / her neighbor)_________________________________________________________________________________________
  28. 28. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2828LESSON 5FAMILY TREETONYHUSBANDFATHERGRANDFATHERGREAT-GRANDFATHERGASPERSONBROTHERHUSBANDFATHERGRANDFATHERGREAT-GRANDFATHERLIDYWIFEMOTHERGRANDMOTHERGREAT-GRANDMOTHERTINAWIFEMOTHERGRANDMOTHERGREAT-GRANDMOTHERJANETDAUGHTERSISTERWIFEMOTHERAUNTGRANDAUNTGREAT-GRANDAUNTKARLHUSBANDFATHERGRANDUNCLEGREAT-GRANDUNCLESTEVESONHUSBANDFATHERGRANDFATHERGRANDSONEMILYDAUGHTERNIECECOUSINGRANDCOUSINMARYWIFEMOTHERGRANDMOTHERRICKSONBROTHERHUSBANDFATHERGRANDSONGREAT-GRANDSONPENELOPEWIFEMOTHERDAUGHTER-IN-LAWSISTER-IN-LAWPAULSONBROTHERBROTHER–IN-LAWUNCLEGRANDSONGREAT-GRANDSONMICHELLSONNEPHEWGRANDSONGREAT GRANDSONSTEP = STEPFATHER / STEPMOTHER / STEPSON / STEPDAUGHTERGOD = GODFATHER / GODMOTHER /GODSON /GODDAUGHTERIN-LAW = FATHER-IN-LAW / MOTHER-IN-LAW / SON-IN-LAW / DAUGHTER-IN-LAW / BROTHER-IN-LAWSISTER-IN-LAWGRAND = GRANDFATHER / GRANDMOTHER / GRANDSON / GRANDDAUGHTERGREAT = GREAT-GRANDFATHER / GREAT-GRANDMOTHER / GREAT-GRANDSON / GREAT-GRANDDAUGHTER
  29. 29. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 2929LESSON 5Exercises1. Change the underlined words for the suitable pronouns.a. Jane uses Ricardo’s car because Jane’s is broken._______________________________________________________________________b. Mark and Paul need to wash Mark’s and Paul’s cars._______________________________________________________________________c. The cat and the dog are in the living room, because the cat’s and the dog’s food isthere._________________________________________________________________________________________d. The bird likes the bird’s cage._________________________________________________________________________________________e. Janet and her father love their farm._______________________________________________________________________f. Ricardo and his brother love their belongings._______________________________________________________________________g. Jon and his lover have serious problems._______________________________________________________________________h. Paul and Joan need Mark’s book._______________________________________________________________________
  30. 30. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3030LESSON 5Prepositions of placeI am behind the kitchen’s door.You are beside my eldest brother.He is in front of the yellow house.She is under the glass table.It is on the desk.We are between the school and thechurch.You are next to ECL EnglishCourse.They are in Rio de Janeiro.He is at the restaurant near the postoffice.The oldmagazineis among the old books on the shelf.The sky is still above us.The blue bird flies over the tall tree.The exercise is below this table.
  31. 31. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3131LESSON 5Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?He is near Joe’s restaurant.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?He wanted her to get the magazine under the bed.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?She’s my friend’s new girlfriend’s sister.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?My acoustic guitar is in the closet next to the door upstairs.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Where is the keyboard?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Where is the bakery?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Do you know where Joe’s supermarket is?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Who is in front of the house?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Whose apartment is that?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Do you usually park your car in front of or behind your house?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  32. 32. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3232LESSON 6Verb Tenses Part IIIPresent Continuous and Past ContinuousActions in progress (Present and Past)The Present Continuous may also give the idea of near future:e.g.: I’m traveling tomorrow morning.AmWasI reading a book now?last night?AreWereyou speaking German right now?yesterday?IsWashe walking along thebeachnow?last Monday?IsWasshe dancing at the moment?last night?IsWasit drinking water now?last Monday?AreWereWe doing a test right now?yesterday?AreWereYou buying pens at the moment?last night?AreWerethey enjoying the film now?last Monday?
  33. 33. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3333LESSON 6YesNoYesNoyou areyou aren’tyou wereyou weren’treading a booknow.last night.YesNoYesNoI amI ‘m notI wasI wasn’tspeaking Germanright now.yesterday.YesNoYesNohe ishe isn’the washe wasn’twalking along thebeachnow.last Monday.YesNoYesNoshe isshe isn’tshe wasshe wasn’tdancingat the moment.last night.YesNoYesNoit isit isn’tit wasit wasn’tdrinking waternow.last Monday.YesNoYesNowe/you arewe/you aren’twe/you werewe/you weren’tdoing a testright now.yesterday.YesNoYesNowe arewe aren’twe werewe weren’tbuying pensat the moment.last night.YesNoYesNothey arethey aren’tthey werethey weren’tenjoying the filmnow.last Monday.
  34. 34. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3434LESSON 6Substitution Drills1. ______ he___________ _____________ yesterday?2. ______ she ____________ English last _________?3. Is it _________________ milk ________________?4. Are ________ __________ your house _________?5. ____ he________ _____ the day before yesterday?6. _____ she ____________ German _____________?7. Is it _______________ with a ball ______________?8. Are ______ _________ your motorcycle ________?9. ______ he ________________________ right now?10. ____ she dancing ___________last _____________?11. Is it ____________________ __________________?12. Are ______ ______________ your car __________?13. Is he __________ the ___________ ____________?14. Are ______ fixing _______________ ___________?15. Are ______ painting ____________ ____________?
  35. 35. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3535LESSON 6Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?He wasn’t drinking at the restaurant last night.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?He is trying to convince her to come here.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?I am doing the exercises you asked me to do.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?Mark wasn’t washing the car yesterday morning.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. What are the policemen trying to do?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Is the teacher getting nervous?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Where was the dog playing with you yesterday morning?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Who was working here?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. What is he asking her for?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Were you dancing last night party?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  36. 36. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3636LESSON 7Verb Tenses Part IVImmediate Future and Future in the PastFuture in the Past describes something that was planned but didnt happen or won’thappen anymore, or the contrary, something that was not planned but happened orwill happen.AmWasI going to explain the lessonnow?last night?Used forplannedthings.AreWereyou going to speak Germanright now?yesterday?It is commonwhen we predicttheIsWashe going to walk the dogin the evening?last Monday?future byusing presentevidence,IsWasshe going to dancetonight?last night?or based oninformation.IsWasit going to drink milknow?last Monday?To be certain orexpected tohappenAreWerewe going to do a testnext week?yesterday?in the future.AreWereyou going to buy some CDsnext Monday?last night?To intend to door be somethingAreWerethey going to enjoy the filmtomorrow?last Monday?in the future.
  37. 37. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3737LESSON 7YesNoYesNoyou areyou aren’tyou wereyou weren’tgoing to explain the lessonnow.last night.YesNoYesNoI amI ‘m notI wasI wasn’tgoing to speak Germanright now.yesterday.YesNoYesNohe ishe isn’the washe wasn’tgoing to walk the dogin the evening.last Monday.YesNoYesNoshe isshe isn’tshe wasshe wasn’tgoing to dancetonight .last night.YesNoYesNoit isit isn’tit wasit wasn’tgoing to drink milknow.last Monday.YesNoYesNowe/you arewe/you aren’twe/you werewe/you weren’tgoing to do a testnext week.yesterday.YesNoYesNowe arewe aren’twe werewe weren’tgoing to buy some CDsnext Monday.last night.YesNoYesNothey arethey aren’tthey werethey weren’tgoing to enjoy the filmtomorrow.last Monday.
  38. 38. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3838LESSON 7Substitution Drills1. ___ he________ ___ _________ ______ yesterday?2. ___ she ________ ___ ______English last ______?3. Is it _________ ____ ___________ milk ________?4. Were ________ ___________ home ___________?5. ___ he_______ ___ ________ the day before yesterday?6. ___ she ________ ___ _________German _______?7. Was it ________ ___ ______ with a ball _________?8. Are ____ ________ ___ __________your motorcycle ______?9. ____ he __________ ____ _____________right now?10. ____ she __________ ____ _________ last ________?11. Is it __________ ___ _____________ _____ _______?12. Are ______ ______ ________ _______ your car ________?13. Is he _________ ___ _________ the dishes ________?14. Are _____ _________ ___ fix ______ ________ _______?15. Are _____ __________to paint ______ ____________?
  39. 39. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 3939LESSON 7Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?He was going to drink with his friends at the restaurant last night.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?He is going to try to convince her to come here.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?I am going to do the exercises you asked me to do.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?Mark was going to wash the car yesterday morning.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Who is going to try to solve the crime?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Is the teacher going to correct the tests?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Where were you going to play yesterday morning?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Was Joanne going to work here?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Who (m) is he going to ask for some money now?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. What were you going to do last night?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  40. 40. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4040LESSON 8Which do you prefer – a car or a motorcycle?Which is used in questions and structures in which there is a fixed or limited set ofanswers or possibilities- what one or ones:Which party would you prefer to go to - Annas or Ian’s?Comparison of adjectivesCOMPARATIVEAdjectivesExpressing equality using short adjectivestall intelligentold importantnew pleasantslow dangeroussmall difficultcheap expensivePeter is as tall as his sister.Liz and Mary are as old as I am.Jimmy’s car is as slow as a turtle.
  41. 41. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4141LESSON 8Expressing equality using long adjectivesExpressing superiority using short adjectivesExpressing superiority using long adjectivesExpressing inferiority using long adjectivesNote: There is no way to express inferiority using short adjectives.Clare is as intelligent as her brother.John and Paul are as important as they look.To speakJapaneseis as difficult as to speakChinese.Peter is taller than his sister.Liz and Mary are older than me.Jimmy’s car is slower than a turtle.good better than happy happier thanbad worse than far farther thanfat fatter than far further thanClare is more intelligentthanher brother.John and Paul are more importantthanthey look.To speakJapaneseis more difficultthanto speakChinese.Clare is less intelligentthanher brother.John and Paul are less importantthanthey look.To speakJapaneseis less difficult than to speakChinese.
  42. 42. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4242LESSON 8Exercises1 .Fill in the blanks with the right form of the adjectives inparentheses.a. She _____________ ____________ ___________ ever! (good)b. Is your father ________ ___________ your mother? (old)c. Is this cat ______________ _____________ yours? (small)d. Today, I am ____________ ________ yesterday. (happy)e. She is _____ ______________ ______ her brother. (intelligent)f. They are ______________ __________ their parents. (tall)g .Is this car __________________ _____________ hers? (new)h. Jon’s car is _____________ ____________ his wife’s. (fast)i. This work isn’t _______ __________________ ______ yours. (important – Inf.)j. It is still expensive, but at least ____________ ________ the last time. (cheap)k. Cathy is _____________ ________________ Mark. (young)l. My girlfriend is ________ _______________________ _________ his. (beautiful)m. Cathy is _________________ _________ her sister. (pretty)n. Is Banderas _______ _____________________ _______ Assunção? (handsome)o. This exercise is _____________ _______ the last one. (easy)
  43. 43. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4343LESSON 82. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, he wasn’t better than his wife.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?Superman is faster than a car.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?I am calmer than my brother.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, Mark isn’t taller than his sister.3. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Are the policemen in Brazil more intelligent than the ones in the USA?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Is his teacher more experienced than mine?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Was it more expensive than that beautiful car?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Who is less ambitious than you?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Which car is faster than a Monza?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Were you smarter when you were younger?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  44. 44. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4444LESSON 9Comparison of adjectivesSUPERLATIVEExpressing superiority using short adjectivesExpressing superiority using long adjectivesExpressing inferiority using long adjectivesPeter is the tallest in his family.Liz and Mary are the oldest in the class.Jimmy’s car is the slowest of all.good the best happy the happiestbad the worst far the farthestfat the fattest far the furthestClare is the mostintelligentstudent.John and Paul are the mostimportantbusinessmen.Japanese is the most difficult language tolearn.Clare is the leastintelligentstudent.John and Paul are the leastimportantbusinessmen.Japanese is the least difficult language tolearn.
  45. 45. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4545LESSON 9Exercises1 .Fill in the blanks with the right form of the adjectives inparentheses.a. She ______ _________________ _________ student. (good)b. Is your father _____ _________________ person in your family? (old)c. This Is ________ ____________ cat I have ever seen in my life. (small)d. Today, I am _______ ____________________ man in the world. (happy)e. She is ______ _________ ___________________ teacher here. (intelligent)f. Those trees are ______ ___________________ ones I have ever seen. (tall)g .This is _____ ________ __________________ car in this store. (powerful)h. Jon’s car is ________ _______________________ one. (fast)i. This work isn’t _____ _________ ______________ one. (important – Inf.)j. It is expensive, but at least _____ _______ _____________ one. (beautiful)k. Cathy is ____ _________ girl in the classroom. (young)l. My girlfriend is ________ _________ _____________ one here. (beautiful)m. Cathy is _________ ____________ girl at school. (pretty)n. Banderas is _______ ________ _____________________ actor. (handsome)o. This exercise is _____________ ______________ one. (easy)
  46. 46. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4646LESSON 92. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, he isn’t the best mechanic in town.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?Mark is the least important person in Mary’s life.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?Rio is the hottest city in my opinion.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, Rio isn’t the least important city in Brazil.3. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Are the policemen in the USA the best in the world?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Who is the most boring teacher?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. When was the coolest day of the year?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. Was Jon the smartest boy at school when he was young?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Who is the saddest person you know?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Were you going to sell the cheapest car for her?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  47. 47. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4747LESSON 10THERE TO BESimple presentFuture (will)WouldThere is a party tonight.There are many students at ECL.There will be a party tonight.There will be many students at ECL.There would be a party tonight.There would be many students at ECL.
  48. 48. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4848LESSON 10Simple Past(There + Verb to be in the Past)Immediate Future(Verb to be in the Present + going to)Future in the Past(Verb to be in the Past + going to)There was a party tonight.There were many students at ECL.There is going to be a party tonight.There are going to be many students at ECL.There was going tobea party tonight.There were going tobemany students at ECL.
  49. 49. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 4949LESSON 10Exercises1. Make questions for these answers below.a. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, there wasn’t going to be a party at the restaurant last night.b. ________________________________________________________________________________?There is going to be a meeting next time she comes here.c. ________________________________________________________________________________?There are going to be shows in this city next year.d. ________________________________________________________________________________?No, there weren’t many accidents here last semester.2. Give long answers for these questions below.a. Are there good people working here?_____________________________________________________________________________________b. Will there be many exercises to be done?_____________________________________________________________________________________c. Would there be an answer for this question?_____________________________________________________________________________________d. When was there going to be a concert?_____________________________________________________________________________________e. Is there any reason for that?_____________________________________________________________________________________f. Where is there going to be a beauty contest on Saturday night?_____________________________________________________________________________________
  50. 50. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5050LESSON 10Cardinal and Ordinal NumbersCardinal NumbersOrdinal Numbers1 – One 11 – Eleven 21 – Twenty - one 40 – Forty2 – Two 12 – Twelve 22 – Twenty - two 50 – Fifty3 – Three 13 – Thirteen 23 – Twenty - three 60 – Sixty4 – Four 14 – Fourteen 24 – Twenty - four 70 – Seventy5 – Five 15 – Fifteen 25 – Twenty - five 80 – Eighty6 – Six 16 – Sixteen 26 – Twenty - six 90 – Ninety7 – Seven 17 – Seventeen 27 – Twenty - seven 100 – One hundred8 – Eight 18 – Eighteen 28 – Twenty - eight9 – Nine 19 – Nineteen 29 – Twenty - nine10 – Ten 20 – Twenty 30 – Thirty1.000 – One Thousand10.000 – Ten Thousand100.000 – One Hundred Thousand1.000.000 – One Million1.000.000.000 – One Billion1 – First (st) 11 – Eleventh (th) 21 – Twenty – first (st) 40 – Fortieth (th)2 – Second (nd) 12 – Twelfth (th) 22 – Twenty - second (nd) 50 – Fiftieth (th)3 – Third (rd) 13 – Thirteenth (th) 23 – Twenty – third (rd) 60 – Sixtieth (th)4 – Fourth (th) 14 – Fourteenth (th) 24 – Twenty – fourth (th) 70 – Seventieth (th)5 – Fifth (th) 15 – Fifteenth (th) 25 – Twenty – fifth (th) 80 – Eightieth (th)6 – Sixth (th) 16 – Sixteenth (th) 26 – Twenty – sixth (th) 90 – Ninetieth (th)7 – Seventh (th) 17 – Seventeenth (th) 27 – Twenty –seventh (th) 100 – One Hundredth (th)8 – Eighth (th) 18 – Eighteenth (th) 28 – Twenty – eighth (th) 200 – Two Hundredth (th)9 – Ninth (th) 19 – Nineteenth (th) 29 – Twenty –ninth (th)10 – Tenth (th) 20 – Twentieth (th) 30 – Thirtieth (th)1.000 – One Thousandth (th)10.000 – Ten Thousandth (th)100.000 – One Hundred Thousandth (th)1.000.000 – One Millionth (th)1.000.000.000 – One Billionth (th)
  51. 51. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5151LESSON 10What time is it now?To After or PastHalvesQuarters2:00It’s two o’clock.Its two a.m. /p.m.2:05It’s five after / past two.It’s two oh five.2:10It’s ten after / past two.It’s two ten.2:15It’s a quarter after / past two.It’s two fifteen.2:20It’s twenty after / past two.It’s two twenty.2:25It’s twenty – five after / past two.It’s two twenty - five.2:30It’s half past two.It’s two thirty.2:35It’s twenty – five to three.It’s two thirty - five.2:40It’s twenty to three.It’s two forty.2:45It’s a quarter to three.It’s two forty – five.2:50It’s ten to three.It’s two fifty.2:55It’s five to three.It’s two fifty – five.
  52. 52. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5252LESSON 10Exercises1. Write in full the numbers below.a. 452___________________________________________________________________________b. 98.742________________________________________________________________________c. 33rd ___________________________________________________________________________d. 98th ___________________________________________________________________________e. 1st _____________________________________________________________________________f. 999.546_______________________________________________________________________g. 22nd __________________________________________________________________________h. 345____________________________________________________________________________2. What time is it now?a. 3:45__________________________________________________________________________b. 8:10___________________________________________________________________________c. 12:00 a.m_____________________________________________________________________d. 1:15 ___________________________________________________________________________e. 4:30___________________________________________________________________________
  53. 53. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5353Picture Dictionary
  54. 54. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5454
  55. 55. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5555
  56. 56. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5656
  57. 57. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5757
  58. 58. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5858
  59. 59. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 5959
  60. 60. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6060VocabularyColorsBlue RedYellow BrownGreen Gray / GreyPurple BlackWhite OrangePink LilacAdjectives used with some colorsDark LightInside a house or an apartmentBedroom KitchenBathroom Living RoomStudy Dining RoomFurnitureBedroom Bathroom Study Kitchen Living Room Dining Roomdouble bed toilet bookshelf table sofa tablesingle bed bathroom sink armchair chairs stereo chairscloset shower desk kitchen sink televisionwardrobe bathroom cabinets chairs cabinets lampsnight table lamps cupboardlamps refrigeratorfridgestovemicrowave ovenParts of the day(at) dawn (at) dusk(in the) morning (in the) evening(in the) afternoon (at) night
  61. 61. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6161REGULAR VERBSINFINITIVE BASE FORM –S FORM SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE GERUNDTO ADD ADD ( S) ADDED ADDED ADDINGTO ANSWER ANSWER(S) ANSWERED ANSWERED ANSWERINGTO ARRIVE ARRIVE (S) ARRIVED ARRIVED ARRIVINGTO ASK ASK(s) ASKED ASKED ASKINGTO BORROWFROMBORROW(S) BORROWED BORROWED BORROWINGTO CALL CALL (S) CALLED CALLED CALLINGTO CANCEL CANCEL (S) CANCELED CANCELED CANCELINGTO CHANGE CHANGE(S) CHANGED CHANGED CHANGINGTO CLOSE CLOSE (S) CLOSED CLOSED CLOSINGTO COMPARE COMPARE (S) COMPARED COMPARED COMPARINGTO CONTINUE CONTINUE (S) CONTINUED CONTINUED CONTINUINGTO COOK COOK (S) COOKED COOKED COOKINGTO CORRECT CORRECT (S) CORRECTED CORRECTED CORRECTINGTO COUNT COUNT (S) COUNTED COUNTED COUNTINGTO DANCE DANCE (S) DANCED DANCED DANCINGTO DECIDE DECIDE (S) DECIDED DECIDED DECIDINGTO DESCRIBE DESCRIBE (S) DESCRIBED DESCRIBED DESCRIBEDTO EARN EARN (S) ERANED EARNED EARNINGTO EMPHASIZE EMPHASIZE (S) EMPHASIZED EMPHASIZED EMPHASIZINGTO ENJOY ENJOY (S) ENJOYED ENJOYED ENJOYINGTO EXPLAIN EXPLAIN (S) EXPLAINED EXPLAINED EXPLAININGTO FILL IN FILL(S) IN FILLED IN FILLED IN FILLING INTO FINISH FINISH (ES) FINISHED FINISHED FINISHINGTO FIX FIX (ES) FIXED FIXED FIXINGTO FOLLOW FOLLOW (S) FOLLOWED FOLLOWED FOLLOWINGTO HAPPEN HAPPEN (S) HAPPENED HAPPENED HAPPENINGTO HELP HELP (S) HELPED HELPED HELPINGTO INCLUDE INCLUDE (S) INCLUDED INCLUDED INCLUDINGTO INVITE INVITE (S) INVITED INVITED INVITINGTO JOG JOG (S) JOGGED JOGGED JOGGINGTO LEARN LEARN (S) LEARNED LEARNED LEARNINGTO LIFT LIFT (S) LIFTED LIFTED LIFTINGTO LIKE LIKE(S) LIKED LIKED LIKINGTO LISTEN TO LISTEN (S) TO LISTENED TO LISTENED TO LISTENING TOTO LIVE LIVE (S) LIVED LIVED LIVINGTO LOOK LOOK (S) LOOKED LOOKED LOOKINGTO MARK MARK (S) MARKED MARKED MARKINGTO MATCH MATCH (ES) MATCHED MATCHED MATCHINGTO MIND MIND (S) MINDED MINDED MINDING
  62. 62. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6262TO MISS MISS (ES) MISSED MISSED MISSINGTO NEED NEED (S) NEEDED NEEDED NEEDINGTO NUMBER NUMBER (S) NUMBERED NUMBERED NUMBERINGTO OCCUR OCCUR (S) OCCURED OCCURED OCCURINGTO OFFER OFFER (S) OFFERED OFFERED OFFERINGTO OPEN OPEN (S) OPENED OPENED OPENINGTO PAINT PAINT (S) PAINTED PAINTED PAINTINGTO PARK PARK (S) PARKED PARKED PARKINGTO PLAY PLAY (S) PLAYED PLAYED PLAYINGTO PRACTICE PRACTICE (S) PRACTICED PRACTICED PRACTICINGTO RECEIVE RECEIVE (S) RECEIVED RECEIVED RECEIVEDTO RELATE RELATE (S) RELATED RELATED RELATINGTO REMEMBER REMEMBER (S) REMEMBERED REMEMBERED REMEMBERINGTO RENT RENT (S) RENTED RENTED RENTINGTO REPLACE REPLACE (S) REPLACED REPLACED REPLACINGTO REST REST (S) RESTED RESTED RESTINGTO SAVE SAVE (S) SAVED SAVED SAVINGTO SIGN SIGN (S) SIGNED SIGNED SIGNINGTO SMOKE SMOKE (S) SMOKED SMOKED SMOKINGTO SNEEZE SNEEZE (S) SNEEZED SNEEZED SNEEZINGTO SPELL SPELL (S) SPELLED SPELLED SPELLINGTO STAY STAY (S) STAYED STAYED STAYINGTO STOP STOP (S) STOPPED STOPPED STOPPINGTO STUDY STUDY(IES) STUDIED STUDIED STUDYINGTO SUBSTITUTE SUBSTITUTE(S) SUBSTITUTED SUBSTITUTED SUBSTITUTINGTO SUGGEST SUGGEST (S) SUGGESTED SUGGESTED SUGGESTINGTO SUPPOSE SUPPOSE (S) SUPPOSED SUPPOSED SUPPOSINGTO TALK TALK (S) TALKED TALKED TALKINGTO TRANSLATE TRANSLATE (S) TRANSLATED TRANSLATED TRANSLATINGTO TRAVEL TRAVEL (S) TRAVELED TRAVELED TRAVELINGTO TREAT TREAT (S) TREATED TREATED TREATINGTO TRY TRY (IES) TRIED TRIED TRYINGTO TYPE TYPE (S) TYPED TYPED TYPINGTO UNSCRAMBLE UNSCRAMBLE (S) UNSCRAMBLED UNSCRAMBLED UNSCRAMBLINGTO USE USE (S) USED USED USINGTO VISIT VISIT (S) VISITED VISITED VISITINGTO WAIT WAIT (S) WAITED WAITED WAITINGTO WALK WALK (S) WALKED WALKED WALKINGTO WANT WANT (S) WA NTED WANTED WANTINGTO WASH WASH (S) WASHED WASHED WASHINGTO WATCH WATCH (S) WATCHED WATCHED WATCHINGTO WORK WORK (S) WORKED WORKED WORKING
  63. 63. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6363IRREGULAR VERBSINFINITIVE BASE FORM –S FORM SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE GERUNDTO BE BE {AM /ARE} (IS) WAS / WERE BEEN BEINGTO BECOME BECOME (S) BECAME BECOME BECOMINGTO BEGIN BEGIN (S) BEGAN BEGUN BEGINNINGTO BREAK BREAK (S) BROKE BROKEN BREAKINGTO BRING BRING (S) BROUGHT BROUGHT BRINGINGTO BUILD BUILD (S) BUILT BUILT BUILDINGTO BUY BUY (S) BOUGHT BOUGHT BUYINGTO CHOOSE CHOOSE(S) CHOSE CHOSEN CHOOSINGTO COME COME (S) CAME COME COMINGTO COST COST (S) COST COST COSTINGTO DO DO (ES) DID DONE DOINGTO DRINK DRINK (S) DRANK DRUNK DINKINGTO DRIVE DRIVE (S) DROVE DRIVEN DRIVINGTO EAT EAT (S) ATE EATEN EATINGTO FALL FALL (S) FELL FALLEN FALLINGTO FEEL FEEL (S) FELT FELT FEELINGTO FIND FIND (S) FOUND FOUND FINDINGTO FORGET FORGET (S) FORGOT FORGOTTEN FORGETTINGTO GET GET (S) GOT GOTTEN (GOT) GETTINGTO GIVE GIVE (S) GAVE GIVEN GIVINGTO GO GO (ES) WENT GONE GOINGTO HAVE HAVE (HAS) HAD HAD HAVINGTO HEAR HEAR (S) HEARD HEARD HEARINGTO KNOW KNOW (S) KNEW KNOWN KNOWINGTO LEAVE LEAVE (S) LEFT LEFT LEAVINGTO LEND LEND (S) LENT LENT LENDINGTO MAKE MAKE (S) MADE MADE MAKINGTO MEAN MEAN (S) MEANT MEANT MEANINGTO MEET MEET (S) MET MET MEETINGTO PAY PAY (S) PAID PAID PAYINGTO PUT PUT (S) PUT PUT PUTTINGTO READ READ (S) READ READ READINGTO REWRITE REWRITE (S) REWROTE REWRITTEN REWRITINGTO RIDE RIDE (S) RODE RIDDEN RIDINGTO RING RING (S) RANG RUNG RINGINGTO RUN RUN (S) RAN RUN RUNNINGTO SAY SAY (S) SAID SAID SAYINGTO SEE SEE (S) SAW SEEN SEEINGTO SELL SELL (S) SOLD SOLD SELLINGTO SEND SEND (S) SENT SENT SENDINGTO SHOW SHOW (S) SHOWED SHOWN SHOWING
  64. 64. ECL ENGLISH COURSEECL ENGLISH COURSE 6464TO SING SING (S) SANG SUNG SINGINGTO SLEEP SLEEP (S) SLEPT SLEPT SLEEPINGTO SPEAK SPEAK (S) SPOKE SPOKEN SPEAKINGTO SPEND SPEND (S) SPENT SPENT SPENDINGTO SWIM SWIM (S) SWAM SWUM SWIMMINGTO TAKE TAKE (S) TOOK TAKEN TAKINGTO TEACH TEACH (ES) TAUGHT TAUGHT TEACHINGTO TELL TELL (S) TOLD TOLD TELLINGTO THINK THINK (S) THOUGHT THOUGHT THINKINGTO UNDERSTAND UNDERSTAND (S) UNDERSTOOD UNDERSTOOD UNDERSTANDINGTO WEAR WEAR (S) WORE WORN WEARINGTO WIN WIN (S) WON WON WINNINGTO WRITE WRITE (S) WROTE WRITTEN WRITING

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