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EASTER HOLIDAYEASTER HOLIDAY
HISTORYHISTORY
 Easter is the greatest ChristianEaster is the greatest Christian
holiday of the year. On Easter dayholiday of the year. On Easter day
people celebrate the resurrection ofpeople celebrate the resurrection of
Jesus, the Son of God.Jesus, the Son of God.
 The Holy Bible says that twoThe Holy Bible says that two
days after Jesus died, his tomb wasdays after Jesus died, his tomb was
found empty. Soon after, he had afound empty. Soon after, he had a
range of appearances in front of hisrange of appearances in front of his
disciples.disciples.
 The Christians believe that theThe Christians believe that the
resurrection of Jesus means that theyresurrection of Jesus means that they
can have a new life after death. Thiscan have a new life after death. This
belief is celebrated during Easter.belief is celebrated during Easter.
Christian symbols -Christian symbols -
”The Cross””The Cross”
 The cross is the symbol of God´sThe cross is the symbol of God´s
love for the men and the symbol oflove for the men and the symbol of
Jesus being sacrificed for theJesus being sacrificed for the
salvation of mankind.salvation of mankind.
 The cross was declared to be aThe cross was declared to be a
symbol of Christianity by thesymbol of Christianity by the
Emperor Constantine within theEmperor Constantine within the
Council of Nicaea, in year 325 afterCouncil of Nicaea, in year 325 after
Christ.Christ.
““The LambThe Lamb””
 The lamb was sacrificed by theThe lamb was sacrificed by the
JJews in the Temple from Jerusalemews in the Temple from Jerusalem
for their sins to be forgiven. Jesus isfor their sins to be forgiven. Jesus is
called “God´s Lamb” because Hecalled “God´s Lamb” because He
sacrificed Himself for the salvationsacrificed Himself for the salvation
of the world; it is the ultimate andof the world; it is the ultimate and
perfect sacrifice.perfect sacrifice.
 According to the traditions, inAccording to the traditions, in
CChristian families mutton is servedhristian families mutton is served
in Easter days. The lamb symbolizesin Easter days. The lamb symbolizes
our Savior Jesus Christ, whoour Savior Jesus Christ, who
sacrificed himself to take away thesacrificed himself to take away the
sins of the world and died on thesins of the world and died on the
cross like an innocent lamb.cross like an innocent lamb.
““Iepuraşul”Iepuraşul”
 The Easter bunny is not a modernThe Easter bunny is not a modern
invention. It has its origins ininvention. It has its origins in
ancient times; it is one of the oldestancient times; it is one of the oldest
symbols of the spring. The Indo-symbols of the spring. The Indo-
European mythology considered theEuropean mythology considered the
hare to be a sacred animal. Inhare to be a sacred animal. In
Germany, the goddess of the spring -Germany, the goddess of the spring -
Ostara - was celebrated during herOstara - was celebrated during her
season, was always accompanied byseason, was always accompanied by
a hare. She was venerated accordinga hare. She was venerated according
to this symbol. In Germany, childrento this symbol. In Germany, children
know that the Easter bunny bringsknow that the Easter bunny brings
them eggs during Easter days, ifthem eggs during Easter days, if
they have a good behavior. Thethey have a good behavior. The
Easter bunny was mentioned for theEaster bunny was mentioned for the
first time in Germany in the 1500s.first time in Germany in the 1500s.
““Ouăle roşii”Ouăle roşii”
 Eggs are an obvious symbol ofEggs are an obvious symbol of
renaissance. The tradition of eggrenaissance. The tradition of egg
painting during Easter precedes thepainting during Easter precedes the
Christian holiday of Easter. CertainChristian holiday of Easter. Certain
mythologies (from Egypt, India,mythologies (from Egypt, India,
China) say that the world initiallyChina) say that the world initially
started from an egg. The connectionstarted from an egg. The connection
with Easter holiday is very clear: thewith Easter holiday is very clear: the
eggs symbolize the birth, a new lifeeggs symbolize the birth, a new life
acquired by Christians after theacquired by Christians after the
death of Jesus. The tradition of eggdeath of Jesus. The tradition of egg
painting has its origins in thepainting has its origins in the
Egyptian and Persian festivals forEgyptian and Persian festivals for
celebrating the spring. In the oldcelebrating the spring. In the old
days the eggs were painted onlydays the eggs were painted only
with natural dyes, which werewith natural dyes, which were
obtained from plants: red cabbage,obtained from plants: red cabbage,
onion, flower petals.onion, flower petals.
““Lumina de Înviere”Lumina de Înviere”
 On Easter vigil large groups ofOn Easter vigil large groups of
people come to church. Eachpeople come to church. Each
believer has in his hand a candle,believer has in his hand a candle,
which he is going to kindle from thewhich he is going to kindle from the
light brought by the priest from thelight brought by the priest from the
table of the Holy Altar. This candletable of the Holy Altar. This candle
is the symbol of Resurrection, of theis the symbol of Resurrection, of the
life´s victory over death and of thelife´s victory over death and of the
light of Christ over the darkness oflight of Christ over the darkness of
sin. After the service many keep ansin. After the service many keep an
unburnunburntt rest of the candle and light itrest of the candle and light it
during the year when seriousduring the year when serious
problems occur in the house. Afterproblems occur in the house. After
the service the priest shares withthe service the priest shares with
everybody the Holy Passover, thiseverybody the Holy Passover, this
means holy bread, sprinkled withmeans holy bread, sprinkled with
wine and holy water.wine and holy water.
““White lilies”White lilies”
 The lilies are a recentThe lilies are a recent
accessory to the celebration of theaccessory to the celebration of the
Easter. In timEaster. In time, a religious legende, a religious legend
about the lilies came about: in theabout the lilies came about: in the
evening of the Holy Thursday, whenevening of the Holy Thursday, when
our Lord was in the Garden ofour Lord was in the Garden of
Gethsemane all the flowers bowedGethsemane all the flowers bowed
their head in sorrow because of thetheir head in sorrow because of the
temptations of Jesus Christ - excepttemptations of Jesus Christ - except
for the proud, imposing andfor the proud, imposing and
beautiful lily. In the end, after seeingbeautiful lily. In the end, after seeing
the humility and sacrifice of ourthe humility and sacrifice of our
Lord, the lily bowed its head inLord, the lily bowed its head in
shame and remained in the sameshame and remained in the same
position also in our days.position also in our days.
Customs and traditionsCustoms and traditions
–”Easter Lent”–”Easter Lent”
 In the Orthodox Church peopleIn the Orthodox Church people
prepare themselves to welcomeprepare themselves to welcome
Easter during the “Easter Lent” alsoEaster during the “Easter Lent” also
called the “Main fasting season”,called the “Main fasting season”,
which lasts for 48 days. Officiallywhich lasts for 48 days. Officially
the Lent season starts after thethe Lent season starts after the
“Sunday of forgiveness”, on that day“Sunday of forgiveness”, on that day
of Monday, 7 weeks previous toof Monday, 7 weeks previous to
Easter.Easter.
 The last week of the Easter Lent isThe last week of the Easter Lent is
called “Passion Week” and startscalled “Passion Week” and starts
with the Palm Sunday, the Sunday inwith the Palm Sunday, the Sunday in
which people commemorate thewhich people commemorate the
entry of Jesus in Jerusalem. “Theentry of Jesus in Jerusalem. “The
Passion week” commemorates thePassion week” commemorates the
arrest of Jesus, His crucifiction andarrest of Jesus, His crucifiction and
death. During this last week manydeath. During this last week many
churches have services in everychurches have services in every
evening, called in Romanianevening, called in Romanian
“Denie”. From Monday to Thursday“Denie”. From Monday to Thursday
people commemorate the Lastpeople commemorate the Last
Supper, the arrest and enprisonmentSupper, the arrest and enprisonment
of Jesus. The Day of Thursday isof Jesus. The Day of Thursday is
called “Holy Thursday”. On Friday,called “Holy Thursday”. On Friday,
called “Holy Friday” peoplecalled “Holy Friday” people
commemorate the crucifiction andcommemorate the crucifiction and
death of Jesus on the cross. Duringdeath of Jesus on the cross. During
this day people use to have a “blackthis day people use to have a “black
Lent”, this means they do not eatLent”, this means they do not eat
anything.anything.
““Easter Greetings”Easter Greetings”
 Traditional Easter greetings of theTraditional Easter greetings of the
Orthodox Christians are “Jesus hasOrthodox Christians are “Jesus has
risen” and the answer to this isrisen” and the answer to this is
“Indeed he has”. Such greetings are“Indeed he has”. Such greetings are
expressed for 40 days after Easterexpressed for 40 days after Easter
until “Ascension day” of Christuntil “Ascension day” of Christ
comes. At the same time, suchcomes. At the same time, such
greetings are said when people breakgreetings are said when people break
eggs according to the tradition.eggs according to the tradition.
During the week before Easter theDuring the week before Easter the
tradition says that eggs ought to betradition says that eggs ought to be
painted on Holy Thursday after thepainted on Holy Thursday after the
church service only in red colour,church service only in red colour,
because red signifies the blood ofbecause red signifies the blood of
Jesus, which was shed for theJesus, which was shed for the
salvation of humanity.salvation of humanity.
““Easter bread”Easter bread”
 The ladies of the house bake theThe ladies of the house bake the
Easter bread only a single timeEaster bread only a single time
during the year. This bread has aduring the year. This bread has a
round shabe because it is believedround shabe because it is believed
that the diapers of Christ were alsothat the diapers of Christ were also
round. In the middle of the Easterround. In the middle of the Easter
bred there is a cross and the bread isbred there is a cross and the bread is
decorated on the side with braideddecorated on the side with braided
dough.dough.
When do peopleWhen do people
celebrate Eastercelebrate Easter
 The majority of Christians celebrate Easter in the first Sunday after the firstThe majority of Christians celebrate Easter in the first Sunday after the first
full moon following the spring equinox. Easter is a holiday with no fixed datefull moon following the spring equinox. Easter is a holiday with no fixed date
but it is always celebrated by all churces between March 22nd and Aprilie 25th,but it is always celebrated by all churces between March 22nd and Aprilie 25th,
except for the Orthodox Church. In the Orthodox Church Easter can beexcept for the Orthodox Church. In the Orthodox Church Easter can be
celebrated even after this date, because this Church uses also other factors for thecelebrated even after this date, because this Church uses also other factors for the
calculation of such data, like the concern that the Christian Easter shall notcalculation of such data, like the concern that the Christian Easter shall not
coincide with the Jewish Easter. Anyway Easter always is in spring, after thecoincide with the Jewish Easter. Anyway Easter always is in spring, after the
Spring Equinox, when the whole nature awakens to life. The Spring Equinox isSpring Equinox, when the whole nature awakens to life. The Spring Equinox is
that moment in which the day and the night have the same duration.that moment in which the day and the night have the same duration.

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Easter Holiday

  • 2. HISTORYHISTORY  Easter is the greatest ChristianEaster is the greatest Christian holiday of the year. On Easter dayholiday of the year. On Easter day people celebrate the resurrection ofpeople celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, the Son of God.Jesus, the Son of God.  The Holy Bible says that twoThe Holy Bible says that two days after Jesus died, his tomb wasdays after Jesus died, his tomb was found empty. Soon after, he had afound empty. Soon after, he had a range of appearances in front of hisrange of appearances in front of his disciples.disciples.  The Christians believe that theThe Christians believe that the resurrection of Jesus means that theyresurrection of Jesus means that they can have a new life after death. Thiscan have a new life after death. This belief is celebrated during Easter.belief is celebrated during Easter.
  • 3. Christian symbols -Christian symbols - ”The Cross””The Cross”  The cross is the symbol of God´sThe cross is the symbol of God´s love for the men and the symbol oflove for the men and the symbol of Jesus being sacrificed for theJesus being sacrificed for the salvation of mankind.salvation of mankind.  The cross was declared to be aThe cross was declared to be a symbol of Christianity by thesymbol of Christianity by the Emperor Constantine within theEmperor Constantine within the Council of Nicaea, in year 325 afterCouncil of Nicaea, in year 325 after Christ.Christ.
  • 4. ““The LambThe Lamb””  The lamb was sacrificed by theThe lamb was sacrificed by the JJews in the Temple from Jerusalemews in the Temple from Jerusalem for their sins to be forgiven. Jesus isfor their sins to be forgiven. Jesus is called “God´s Lamb” because Hecalled “God´s Lamb” because He sacrificed Himself for the salvationsacrificed Himself for the salvation of the world; it is the ultimate andof the world; it is the ultimate and perfect sacrifice.perfect sacrifice.  According to the traditions, inAccording to the traditions, in CChristian families mutton is servedhristian families mutton is served in Easter days. The lamb symbolizesin Easter days. The lamb symbolizes our Savior Jesus Christ, whoour Savior Jesus Christ, who sacrificed himself to take away thesacrificed himself to take away the sins of the world and died on thesins of the world and died on the cross like an innocent lamb.cross like an innocent lamb.
  • 5. ““Iepuraşul”Iepuraşul”  The Easter bunny is not a modernThe Easter bunny is not a modern invention. It has its origins ininvention. It has its origins in ancient times; it is one of the oldestancient times; it is one of the oldest symbols of the spring. The Indo-symbols of the spring. The Indo- European mythology considered theEuropean mythology considered the hare to be a sacred animal. Inhare to be a sacred animal. In Germany, the goddess of the spring -Germany, the goddess of the spring - Ostara - was celebrated during herOstara - was celebrated during her season, was always accompanied byseason, was always accompanied by a hare. She was venerated accordinga hare. She was venerated according to this symbol. In Germany, childrento this symbol. In Germany, children know that the Easter bunny bringsknow that the Easter bunny brings them eggs during Easter days, ifthem eggs during Easter days, if they have a good behavior. Thethey have a good behavior. The Easter bunny was mentioned for theEaster bunny was mentioned for the first time in Germany in the 1500s.first time in Germany in the 1500s.
  • 6. ““Ouăle roşii”Ouăle roşii”  Eggs are an obvious symbol ofEggs are an obvious symbol of renaissance. The tradition of eggrenaissance. The tradition of egg painting during Easter precedes thepainting during Easter precedes the Christian holiday of Easter. CertainChristian holiday of Easter. Certain mythologies (from Egypt, India,mythologies (from Egypt, India, China) say that the world initiallyChina) say that the world initially started from an egg. The connectionstarted from an egg. The connection with Easter holiday is very clear: thewith Easter holiday is very clear: the eggs symbolize the birth, a new lifeeggs symbolize the birth, a new life acquired by Christians after theacquired by Christians after the death of Jesus. The tradition of eggdeath of Jesus. The tradition of egg painting has its origins in thepainting has its origins in the Egyptian and Persian festivals forEgyptian and Persian festivals for celebrating the spring. In the oldcelebrating the spring. In the old days the eggs were painted onlydays the eggs were painted only with natural dyes, which werewith natural dyes, which were obtained from plants: red cabbage,obtained from plants: red cabbage, onion, flower petals.onion, flower petals.
  • 7. ““Lumina de Înviere”Lumina de Înviere”  On Easter vigil large groups ofOn Easter vigil large groups of people come to church. Eachpeople come to church. Each believer has in his hand a candle,believer has in his hand a candle, which he is going to kindle from thewhich he is going to kindle from the light brought by the priest from thelight brought by the priest from the table of the Holy Altar. This candletable of the Holy Altar. This candle is the symbol of Resurrection, of theis the symbol of Resurrection, of the life´s victory over death and of thelife´s victory over death and of the light of Christ over the darkness oflight of Christ over the darkness of sin. After the service many keep ansin. After the service many keep an unburnunburntt rest of the candle and light itrest of the candle and light it during the year when seriousduring the year when serious problems occur in the house. Afterproblems occur in the house. After the service the priest shares withthe service the priest shares with everybody the Holy Passover, thiseverybody the Holy Passover, this means holy bread, sprinkled withmeans holy bread, sprinkled with wine and holy water.wine and holy water.
  • 8. ““White lilies”White lilies”  The lilies are a recentThe lilies are a recent accessory to the celebration of theaccessory to the celebration of the Easter. In timEaster. In time, a religious legende, a religious legend about the lilies came about: in theabout the lilies came about: in the evening of the Holy Thursday, whenevening of the Holy Thursday, when our Lord was in the Garden ofour Lord was in the Garden of Gethsemane all the flowers bowedGethsemane all the flowers bowed their head in sorrow because of thetheir head in sorrow because of the temptations of Jesus Christ - excepttemptations of Jesus Christ - except for the proud, imposing andfor the proud, imposing and beautiful lily. In the end, after seeingbeautiful lily. In the end, after seeing the humility and sacrifice of ourthe humility and sacrifice of our Lord, the lily bowed its head inLord, the lily bowed its head in shame and remained in the sameshame and remained in the same position also in our days.position also in our days.
  • 9. Customs and traditionsCustoms and traditions –”Easter Lent”–”Easter Lent”  In the Orthodox Church peopleIn the Orthodox Church people prepare themselves to welcomeprepare themselves to welcome Easter during the “Easter Lent” alsoEaster during the “Easter Lent” also called the “Main fasting season”,called the “Main fasting season”, which lasts for 48 days. Officiallywhich lasts for 48 days. Officially the Lent season starts after thethe Lent season starts after the “Sunday of forgiveness”, on that day“Sunday of forgiveness”, on that day of Monday, 7 weeks previous toof Monday, 7 weeks previous to Easter.Easter.  The last week of the Easter Lent isThe last week of the Easter Lent is called “Passion Week” and startscalled “Passion Week” and starts with the Palm Sunday, the Sunday inwith the Palm Sunday, the Sunday in which people commemorate thewhich people commemorate the entry of Jesus in Jerusalem. “Theentry of Jesus in Jerusalem. “The Passion week” commemorates thePassion week” commemorates the arrest of Jesus, His crucifiction andarrest of Jesus, His crucifiction and death. During this last week manydeath. During this last week many churches have services in everychurches have services in every evening, called in Romanianevening, called in Romanian “Denie”. From Monday to Thursday“Denie”. From Monday to Thursday people commemorate the Lastpeople commemorate the Last Supper, the arrest and enprisonmentSupper, the arrest and enprisonment of Jesus. The Day of Thursday isof Jesus. The Day of Thursday is called “Holy Thursday”. On Friday,called “Holy Thursday”. On Friday, called “Holy Friday” peoplecalled “Holy Friday” people commemorate the crucifiction andcommemorate the crucifiction and death of Jesus on the cross. Duringdeath of Jesus on the cross. During this day people use to have a “blackthis day people use to have a “black Lent”, this means they do not eatLent”, this means they do not eat anything.anything.
  • 10. ““Easter Greetings”Easter Greetings”  Traditional Easter greetings of theTraditional Easter greetings of the Orthodox Christians are “Jesus hasOrthodox Christians are “Jesus has risen” and the answer to this isrisen” and the answer to this is “Indeed he has”. Such greetings are“Indeed he has”. Such greetings are expressed for 40 days after Easterexpressed for 40 days after Easter until “Ascension day” of Christuntil “Ascension day” of Christ comes. At the same time, suchcomes. At the same time, such greetings are said when people breakgreetings are said when people break eggs according to the tradition.eggs according to the tradition. During the week before Easter theDuring the week before Easter the tradition says that eggs ought to betradition says that eggs ought to be painted on Holy Thursday after thepainted on Holy Thursday after the church service only in red colour,church service only in red colour, because red signifies the blood ofbecause red signifies the blood of Jesus, which was shed for theJesus, which was shed for the salvation of humanity.salvation of humanity.
  • 11. ““Easter bread”Easter bread”  The ladies of the house bake theThe ladies of the house bake the Easter bread only a single timeEaster bread only a single time during the year. This bread has aduring the year. This bread has a round shabe because it is believedround shabe because it is believed that the diapers of Christ were alsothat the diapers of Christ were also round. In the middle of the Easterround. In the middle of the Easter bred there is a cross and the bread isbred there is a cross and the bread is decorated on the side with braideddecorated on the side with braided dough.dough.
  • 12. When do peopleWhen do people celebrate Eastercelebrate Easter  The majority of Christians celebrate Easter in the first Sunday after the firstThe majority of Christians celebrate Easter in the first Sunday after the first full moon following the spring equinox. Easter is a holiday with no fixed datefull moon following the spring equinox. Easter is a holiday with no fixed date but it is always celebrated by all churces between March 22nd and Aprilie 25th,but it is always celebrated by all churces between March 22nd and Aprilie 25th, except for the Orthodox Church. In the Orthodox Church Easter can beexcept for the Orthodox Church. In the Orthodox Church Easter can be celebrated even after this date, because this Church uses also other factors for thecelebrated even after this date, because this Church uses also other factors for the calculation of such data, like the concern that the Christian Easter shall notcalculation of such data, like the concern that the Christian Easter shall not coincide with the Jewish Easter. Anyway Easter always is in spring, after thecoincide with the Jewish Easter. Anyway Easter always is in spring, after the Spring Equinox, when the whole nature awakens to life. The Spring Equinox isSpring Equinox, when the whole nature awakens to life. The Spring Equinox is that moment in which the day and the night have the same duration.that moment in which the day and the night have the same duration.