HEALTHY HABITSHEALTHY HABITS GROUP:GROUP: 3º E.S.O.3º E.S.O. YEAR:YEAR: 2012/20132012/2013 ENGLISH TEACHER:ENGLISH TEACHER: Mª ISABEL GARCÍA MADRIDMª ISABEL GARCÍA MADRID SCIENCE TEACHER:SCIENCE TEACHER: CARMEN DOLORES GARCÍA PÉREZCARMEN DOLORES GARCÍA PÉREZ
Healthy HabitsPREVENTING ALIMENTARYDISORDERSJesus And Santi
●1º To prevent obesity, you SHOULDprevent excessive consumption of sugarsand fats, and alcoholic beverages, whichhave many calories. It is also advisable topractice some kind of sport or exercise.●2º You SHOULD decrease intake ofcholesterol-rich foods, such as fatty meats,cheeses, eggs, animal fats, whole milk,sausages, etc. And you SHOULD increaseintake of blue fish such as tuna orsardines, which reduce blood cholesterollevels.
●3º You SHOULD reduceconsumption of foods cooked withreused oils and smoked foods, whichcontain substances hazardous tohealth and raise the appearance ofcertain types of cancer.●4º You SHOULD include in your dietfoods rich in dietary fiber to promotebowel movement, preventconstipation and avoid prolongedcontact with hazardous substancesfor the intestinal wall.●5º You SHOULD NOT abuse foodsausages, they also containcarcinogens.
1º You SHOULD consume vegetablesfrequently, they favour the eliminationof some carcinogenic and toxicsubstances.● 2º You SHOULD include in your dietvegetables, fruits, milk and generallyraw food as they provide all thenecessary vitamins.● 3º You SHOULD follow a balanceddiet, to provide the three types ofnutrients in the right proportion.
●4º You SHOULD boost your self-esteem and confidence in yourself.This will help to resist grouppressure and avoid certain socialtendencies which associateperfection and success withthinness.●5º You SHOULD always eat freshfood.
CHEW THE FOOD• You SHOULD chewslowly to grindcompletely the food.In this way, thedigestion is easierand the salivation isstimulated.
CLEANED TEETH• You SHOULD brushyour teeth after everymeal to eliminate thefood remains and usedental thread to cleanperfectly the spacebetween the teeth,where the brushcomes with difficulty.
VISIT THE DENTIST• You SHOULD visitthe dentist at leastonce a year.
EATING• You SHOULD keepthe eating hours.• You SHOULD NOTeat at different times,so the digestiveapparatus won’t havea constant work.
Healthy habits to preventdiseases of the digestivesystemGuillermo López Torres3º ESO BL
• You SHOULDN´T take either foods orbeverages excessively hot because they canproduce irritation of the mucous membranesof the mouth, the pharynx and even, theoesophagus.• You SHOUDN’T abuse spicy food, since theyirritate the stomach mucous membrane.
• You SHOULD wash your hands before eatingand preparing food.
• You SHOULD make sure that the food andbeverages that you consume are in perfectstate to prevent infections as well as foodpoisoning.
• You SHOULD consume food with sufficientquantity of fiber, that favours the intestinalflow and permits a correct flow of the foodand dispense of the wastes.
• You SHOULDN’T drink alcohol. Drinkingalcohol regularly produces irreversibledamage to the liver and the pancreas andcontributes to the apparition of stomach andoesophagus cancer.
Healthy habits to prevent illnessesof the respiratory apparatus.
YOU SHOLD NOT SMOKE!• You SHOULD NOTsmoke, you can hurtyour respiratorytrack and yourlungs.• If you inhale thesmoke of cigarettesyou inhale somecarcinogenicsubstances and youcan get cancer too.• Smoking also causesbronchitis andpulmonaryemphysema.
YOU SHOULD AVOID THE SUDDENTEMPERATURE CHANGES!• You can sufferrespiratoryinfections.• Also, in the peoplewho have asthma,these changes canstimulate themuscular contractionof the bronchia.• This can cause itsnarrowing and makemore difficult the airto pass throughthem.
Healthy HabitsYou SHOULD makephysical activitiesregularly.The practice of somesports increases thepulmonary ventilation,as the muscles needmore oxygen.
Healthy HabitsYou SHOULD practicesport regularly, youget a higherpulmonary capacityand better movementof mucus along therespiratory tract.
Healthy HabitsYou SHOULD make anadequate warm-upbefore starting.
You SHOULD avoid excessiveconsumption of foods high incholesterol and saturated fat. Excesscholesterol builds up in the walls ofarteries, causing thickening and theappearance of atheroma plaques, whichcause serious diseases.
• You SHOULD NOT smoke. Tobacco increasesthe risk of atherosclerosis, particularly in thelarge arteries, forming atheroma plaques andangina pectoris.
• You SHOULD avoid overweight that is often associatedwith a high amount of cholesterol in the blood and canalso cause an increase in pressure in the arteries.
Healthy habits to preventHealthy habits to preventdiseases of the circulatorydiseases of the circulatoryapparatusapparatusLeticiaLeticia
You SHOULDN’TYou SHOULDN’Tabuse salt, because itabuse salt, because itcan increase liquidscan increase liquidsretention.retention. Moreover, it increasesMoreover, it increasesthe blood pressure.the blood pressure.Besides, salt rises theBesides, salt rises thearterial pressure, soarterial pressure, soyou SHOULD avoidyou SHOULD avoidsalt when this is high.salt when this is high.
You SHOULD try notYou SHOULD try notto stay up for a longto stay up for a longtime, because thetime, because theblood must go upblood must go upthrough the veinsthrough the veinsfrom the legs to thefrom the legs to theheart against gravity,heart against gravity,and this positionand this positionmakes it more difficultmakes it more difficultthe blood return.the blood return.
You SHOULD reduceYou SHOULD reducestress and thestress and thesituations of nervesituations of nervetension, thattension, thatincreases the bloodincreases the bloodpressure and canpressure and caninfluence in theinfluence in theapparition ofapparition ofcardiovascularcardiovasculardiseases.diseases.
You SHOULD avoidYou SHOULD avoidthe sedentary life andthe sedentary life anddo physical exercisedo physical exerciseregularly, since itregularly, since itincreases theincreases thecardiovascularcardiovascularcapacity and reducescapacity and reducesthe tendency to sufferthe tendency to sufferatherosclerosisatherosclerosis ..
Water• You SHOULD drinksome water and otherliquids to dissolvesubstances in urine.So, it is not veryconcentrated.• You SHOULD drink 2or 2.5 litres of waterevery day.
Salty food• You SHOULD NOTeat too much saltyfood.• You SHOULD NOTabuse viscerabecause theyincrease uric acidconcentration in theblood.
Alcohol• You SHOLDN’T takealcohol nor the innecesarymedicines, because theirremoval is generallyproduced by the liver whatputs an excessive effort inthe body that can causeserious illness.
Eating properly• You SHOULD eatproperly and exerciseevery day to maintainmuscular tone and goto the toilet wheneveryou need to urinate.
HEALTHY HABITS TO PREVENTILLNESES OF NERVOUS SYSTEM.By: Victoria López Ramírez
You SHOULD havean organized life andfollow a regulartimetable, thatincludes time to relaxand free time.
You SHOULDN’Ttake any type of drug,it is a substance thatcauses seriousproblems.
You SHOULD carryout mental andintellectual activitiesfrequently to keep ingood shape thenervous functions.
You SHOULD makesure that your diethas enough quantityof vitamins B and PP,also phosphorus,necessary for anoptimal running of thenervous system.
You SHOULD avoid stress,that is a set of reactions of theorganism which is interpretedas a threat. The causes canbe: personal problems,excess of work, conditionsthat produce fear, permanentanguish, etc.To avoid thesesituations youSHOULD keep arelaxing andpositive attitude.
You SHOULD keep acritical attitude whenthere are warningsthat arent good foryour nervous andemotional stability.
You SHOULD avoidnegative influencefrom friends andpartners whose ideasabout some healthyhabits arecontradictory to yourown ideas.
HEALTHY HABITSHEALTHY HABITSTO PREVENT ILLNESESTO PREVENT ILLNESESOF THE ENDOCRINEOF THE ENDOCRINESYSTEMSYSTEM
Bad habitsBad habits You SHOULDYou SHOULDlead a healthylead a healthylife. Youlife. YouSHOULD quitSHOULD quitbad habitsbad habitssuch assuch asconsumption ofconsumption oftobacco ortobacco oralcohol or otheralcohol or other
RelaxationRelaxation You SHOULDYou SHOULDcontrol thecontrol thestress.stress. You SHOULDYou SHOULDrest and thinkrest and thinkpositive,positive, wewemust learn tomust learn torelax andrelax anddisconnect offdisconnect offfrom work.from work.
ExerciseExercise You SHOULDYou SHOULDpractice exercisepractice exerciseto be in shapeto be in shapeand it is veryand it is verygood for ourgood for ourhealth.health. You SHOULDYou SHOULDpractice it threepractice it threedays a week.days a week.
ObesityObesity We SHOULDWe SHOULDavoid obesityavoid obesitybecause webecause werun the risk ofrun the risk ofsufferingsufferingdiseases asdiseases astype 2 diabetestype 2 diabetesetcetc
DietDiet We SHOULDWe SHOULDfollow a healthyfollow a healthydiet.diet. We SHOULDWe SHOULDprovide specificprovide specificnutrients,nutrients, thatthatcontain iodine.contain iodine.
healthy habits to preventdiseases of the sense organsBy : Encarna Diaz Moratalla 3ºB
Eyes• you SHOULD wear sunglasses whenyoure in places with intense luminosity toavoid eye injuries
Eyes• you SHOULD see if your vision is correctotherwise you SHOULD go to theophthalmologist to correct defects with theuse of glasses or contact lenses
Hearing• you SHOULD avoid the music sounds toohigh• that ultimately can produce hearinginjuries
Skin• you SHOULD avoid unprotected exposure tosun for long periods and in the central hours ofeach day. Some solar radiation are potentiallycarcinogenic agents
Taste and Smell• you SHOULD NOT smoke.• smoking reduces the ability to identify odours andflavour.
Hygiene• you SHOULD maintain daily habits ofcleanliness and care of your sense organs.• This way you can prevent infections that couldcause some sensorydysfunction.
Healthy habits to prevent diseases ofHealthy habits to prevent diseases ofthe skeletal and muscular systemsthe skeletal and muscular systemsByByDavid Valcárcel EspejoDavid Valcárcel Espejo
-You SHOULD do physical-You SHOULD do physicalexercise regularly and leadexercise regularly and leadan active life to tone upan active life to tone upmuscles and maintainmuscles and maintainlocomotor system fit. Thelocomotor system fit. Thebones also benefit frombones also benefit fromphysical activity.physical activity.
-You SHOULD adoptcorrect postures whenstanding, sitting, walkingand even sleeping toprevent damage to thebones and muscles thatcan cause various injuriesand long termdeformations.
HEALTHY HYGIENE HABITSHEALTHY HYGIENE HABITS You SHOULD NOTYou SHOULD NOTstrain, such as liftingstrain, such as liftingheavy weights, sinceheavy weights, sincethey can causethey can causedamage to thedamage to themuscles and joints.muscles and joints.
-You SHOULD follow ahealthy diet and avoidexcessive consumption ofoffal and meat, which producean excess of uric acid, whichcauses gout.- You SHOULD also takedairies in sufficient quantity toallow normal bone growth andprevent osteoporosis.- You SHOULD avoid theconsumption of tobacco andalcohol abuse.
HEALTHY HABITSHOW TO PREVENT INJURIESMª José Fernández Alcaraz
2. You SHOULDuse anappropriateequipment toreduce the riskof accidents(kneepads,gloves, etc.)
3. You SHOULD go under health checks toensure you carry out the necessaryconditions in sport activity properly.
4. You SHOULD maintain a good physicalpreparation. To do it properly, you mustrun a training slowly and gradually,avoiding overexertion and continuallyassessing your physical capabilities.
5. Before starting the exercise, youSHOULD do a warm up. This is done toincrease blood flow and thus the supply ofoxygen and glucose to the muscles aswell as raising the temperature.
6. After completing the exercise, youSHOULD provide a break to the musclesand joints that have been involved in thesport.
Sexual diseasesYou SHOULD have a daily hygiene ofthe sexual organs
Examine your sexual organs to preventdiseases or disorders• You SHOULD visit your doctor if you noticechanges.
Sexual transmision diseasesYou SHOULD know that there are the following diseases:• Chlamydia• Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)• Gonorrhea• Genital Herpes• HIV and STDs• Syphilis• Trichomoniasis• Bacterial vaginosis (BV)• Human papillomavirus (HPV)
You must be very cautious in sporadicsex, always use protection• You SHOULD always tell if you have STDs• You SHOULD use the following methods ofprotection:– condoms– spermicides– gloves and finger cots latex rubber or disposable