Power point cultura inglesa 17.05.07

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Sexo e Gênero - apresentação em inglês

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Power point cultura inglesa 17.05.07

  1. 1. Gender and Sexuality in Social Sciences
  2. 2.   The Main Concepts : Sex and Gender What are the differences?
  3. 3. SEX is biological : Anatomical and physiological differences between men and women Gender is social: Psychological, social and cultural differences – social construct notions about womanly and manly
  4. 4.   Gender is what matters for social scientists ◦ Womanly is refered to ideas of : Caring, Afection, Fragility, Motherhood ◦ Manly is refered to ideas of: Strength, Courage, Independence, leadership
  5. 5.   What is expected from each one of them is what helps to build their personalities
  6. 6.   Maria Luiza Heilborn, a brazilian anthropologist made a research about men and women from 20 to 45 years old in Rio de Janeiro and she found...
  7. 7. MEN * The status year changing is related to the sexual sphere * The sexual iniciation includes the concern about success or failure * Showing himself as a man is fundamental in men’s world * Men is concerned about the approval or not of his partner
  8. 8. WOMEN * The need of pleasing men * Love validating sex * Marriage, children and home are common as life projects * Perception of the sexual activity as a womanly prize given to her partner  
  9. 9.   As we can see, men is in center of both conceptions as the only ones that must be pleased
  10. 10.   So... What are we talking about?  
  11. 11. Another crucial concept in Social Sciences: The Power Relations in Society Hierarchy
  12. 12. “ The Power is Male and White” (Caetano Veloso) In “Gender and Power” (1987) and “Masculinities (1995), Connel widely described hierarchy in the gender field
  13. 13. HEGEMONIC MASCULINITY <ul><li>Heterosexuality </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Remunerated Work </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Strength and Resistance </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hegemonic Masculinity <ul><li>+POWER </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity </li></ul><ul><li>Cumplicity </li></ul><ul><li>• Subordinated </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity </li></ul><ul><li>• Homossexual </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>POWER </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- Subordinated </li></ul><ul><li>Femininities </li></ul><ul><li>Emphatic </li></ul><ul><li>Femininity </li></ul><ul><li>Resistant </li></ul><ul><li>Femininity </li></ul>
  15. 15. Judith Lorber (1994) classified 10 types of sexuality: MEN/WOMEN 1) Heterosexual 2) Homosexual 3) Bisexual 4) Transvestite 5) Transsexual
  16. 16. Thomas Laqueur in his book “Inventing Sex - Body and Gender - from Greeks to Freud” affirmed that even “Sex” was socially created...
  17. 17. Many researchers are questioning the naturalized cathegories...
  18. 18. What do YOU think about it?
  19. 19. Carmem S. M. Rocha

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