The Main Concepts : Sex and Gender What are the differences?
SEX is biological : Anatomical and physiological differences between men and women Gender is social: Psychological, social and cultural differences – social construct notions about womanly and manly
Gender is what matters for social scientists ◦ Womanly is refered to ideas of : Caring, Afection, Fragility, Motherhood ◦ Manly is refered to ideas of: Strength, Courage, Independence, leadership
What is expected from each one of them is what helps to build their personalities
Maria Luiza Heilborn, a brazilian anthropologist made a research about men and women from 20 to 45 years old in Rio de Janeiro and she found...
MEN * The status year changing is related to the sexual sphere * The sexual iniciation includes the concern about success or failure * Showing himself as a man is fundamental in men’s world * Men is concerned about the approval or not of his partner
WOMEN * The need of pleasing men * Love validating sex * Marriage, children and home are common as life projects * Perception of the sexual activity as a womanly prize given to her partner
As we can see, men is in center of both conceptions as the only ones that must be pleased