Education System of the Philippines


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This presentation was made for the subject "THE TEACHING PROFESSION". Philippines was the country assigned to us and we need to compare it with the other country's education system.

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Education System of the Philippines

  1. 1. “ ”
  2. 2. The Philippine Education System was patterned to the educational systems of SPAIN and of the UNITED STATES After the Liberation of the Philippines in1946, Filipinos had moved in various directions of its own Elementary and high school is compulsory which is administered by the DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
  3. 3. The Philippine Education System
  4. 4. The Philippine Education System
  5. 5. Pre-school Ages 3 to 5 Students learn the alphabet, numbers, shapes, and colors through games, songs, and dances in their Mother Tongue. Offered to private and public schools
  6. 6. Pre-school Education Pre-school education is optional before entering elementary level since not everyone could afford it Recent events and activities show a high need for young children to undergo preschool education first before stepping into formal education
  7. 7. Republic Act 8980 (Early Childhood Care and Development Act) Enacted in 2000, this law identifies the growing importance of providing preschool education and addressing young children's other needs. It also recognizes parents as the children’s primary caregivers and teachers.
  8. 8. Republic Act 6972 (Barangay Level Total Protection of Children Act) Enacted in 1990, this law requires all local government units to set up a day care center in every barangay. Day care centers are mandated not only to provide for the children’s learning needs but also to attend to their health and psychosocial needs.
  9. 9. Senate Bill 3235 (An Act To Institutionalize Pre-school Education) Stressing the importance of preschool education in the country, Senator Edgardo Angara has proposed the institutionalization of preschool education as part of compulsory basic education. The bill calls for the formulation of a standard preschool curriculum which will help ensure that those entering Grade 1 are well- equipped for formal schooling. If the bill is approved, children will have to attend at least one year of preschool education before they are admitted to Grade 1.
  10. 10. Primary Education Age of 6 to 11 consists of compulsory six grades (Grades 1-6) Primary level (grades 1-3) Intermediate level (grades 4-6)
  11. 11. Subjects taught Mathematics, Science, Filipino, English, HEKASI (Heyograpiya, Kasaysayan at Sibika) Minor subjects: Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health Computer Education and HELE are the additional minor subjects for private schools
  12. 12. Medium of Instruction Grades 1-3: the use of Mother tongue except Filipino and English subject Grades 4-6: Filipino and English
  13. 13. Secondary Education Ages 12-17 prerequisite of which is the completion of elementary education Four years of junior high school and two years of senior high school
  14. 14. Secondary Education Junior high school is composed of grade 7 to grade 10 Senior high school is from grade 11 to grade 12
  15. 15. Junior High School Subjects are taught from the simplest concepts to more complicated concepts through grade levels in spiral progression subjects are connected and integrated from Grades 7 to 10
  16. 16. Senior High School two years of specialized upper secondary education choice of career track will define the content of the subjects a student will take in Grades 11 and 12 subjects fall under either the Core Curriculum or specific Tracks
  17. 17. Senior high school- CORE CURRICULUM 7 Learning Areas under the Core Curriculum and these are: Languages Literature Communication Mathematics Philosophy Natural Science Social Sciences
  18. 18. Senior high school-TRACKS Each student in Senior High School can choose among 3 tracks: Academic Technical-Vocational-Livelihood Sports and Arts
  19. 19. The Academic track Includes three strands: Business, Accountancy, Management (BAM) Humanities, Education, Social Sciences (HESS) Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM)
  20. 20. TVET (Technical Vocational Education & Training) NATIONAL CERTIFICATE student can obtain Certificates of Competency (COC) or a National Certificate Level I (NC I) after finishing grade 10 After finishing a Technical-Vocational- Livelihood track in Grade 12, a student may obtain a National Certificate Level II (NC II) ::provided that he/she passes the competency-based assessment of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA)
  21. 21. TVET (Technical Vocational Education & Training) NATIONAL CERTIFICATE NC I and NC II improves employability of graduates in fields like Agriculture, Electronics, and Trade
  22. 22. NON-FORMAL EDUCATION AND ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM Non-formal education is an organized learning activity aimed at attaining a set of objectives outside the established formal system intended for a particular clientele, especially the out-of-school youth or adult illiterates who cannot avail themselves of formal education Courses are skills-oriented and range from 6 to 10 months
  23. 23. NON-FORMAL EDUCATION AND ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM Non-formal education is not only a supplement and complement of formal education but is an indispensable component of a lifelong learning system Non-formal education plays a very important role in national development the only effective way of providing education to the millions of out-of- school youths and adults to enable them to participate more effectively in the various development programs of the government
  24. 24. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority The merging of the National Manpower and Youth Council(NMYC) of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). The Bureau of Technical and Vocational Education (BTVE) of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS), and The Apprenticeship Program of the Bureau of Local Employment(BLE) of the DOLE gave birth to TESDA.
  25. 25. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority aims to encourage the full participation of and mobilize the industry, labor, local government units and technical-vocational institutions in the skills development of the country's human resources. Institutions may be government operated, often by provincial government, or private
  26. 26. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority offer programs ranging in duration from a couple of weeks to two-year diploma courses Programs can be technology courses like automotive technology, computer technology, and electronic technology service courses such as caregiver, nursing aide, hotel and restaurant management trades courses such as electrician, plumber, welder, automotive mechanic, diesel mechanic, heavy vehicle operator & practical nursing Upon graduating from most of these courses, students may take an examination from TESDA to obtain the relevant certificate or diploma
  27. 27. Tertiary Education/ Higher Education CHED is responsible in the formulation and implementation of policies, plans and programs for the development and efficient operation of the higher education system in the country. The delivery of higher education in the Philippines is provided by private and public higher education institutions (HEIs).
  28. 28. Types of Higher Education Institutions State universities and colleges (SUCs) Private institutions
  29. 29. State universities and colleges (SUCs) institutions funded by the national government They have their own charters and are thus autonomous from CHED CHED-supervised institutions are non- chartered colleges, directly under the supervision of CHED and whose annual budget allocation is integrated in the government budget appropriation for CHED.
  30. 30. Private Institutions are owned and administered by private individuals, groups or corporations classified either as sectarian or non-sectarian colleges and universities Sectarian schools (279) are usually non- stock, non-profit institutions, owned and operated by religious orders Non-sectarian schools (751) are owned by private corporations which are not affiliated to any religious organizations, majority are stock, a few are non-stock, non-profit corporations, and a number are foundations
  31. 31. Admission Eligible for admission to the baccalaureate programs are graduates of secondary education There are some special admission requirements for dentistry, medicine and law programs Dentistry- to continue in the dentistry proper should get a Certificate of Admission (COA Medicine- have finished a four-year baccalaureate degree and pass the National Medical Admission Test(NMAT) Law- should have a four-year baccalaureate degreeand secure a Certificate of Eligibility for Law (CEL)
  32. 32. DISCIPLINES OR FIELDS OF STUDY Agriculture Education Business and Management Education Engineering and Architecture Health Profession Education Humanities, Social Sciences and Comm unication Information Technology Maritime Education Science and Mathematics Teacher Education
  33. 33. CHARACTERISTICS OF DEGREES AND DIPLOMAS The titles and description or abbreviation of the degrees and diplomas granted by the higher education institutions are as follows: Undergraduate level: 1. Certificate, Diploma and Associate Programs awarded upon completion of programs requiring three months to three years of study These are non-degree technical or vocational education programs leading to skills proficiency which are mostly terminal in nature
  34. 34. CHARACTERISTICS OF DEGREES AND DIPLOMAS 2) Bachelor’s Degree (Bachelor (B.), Bachelor of Arts (A.B.), Bachelor of Science (B.S.) titles are awarded upon completion of a minimum of four years of study on a semestral basis on trimester basis, the program may be completed in less than four years
  35. 35. CHARACTERISTICS OF DEGREES AND DIPLOMAS Graduate level: 1) Certificate and Diploma Programs titles are awarded upon completion of one or two years of study beyond the bachelor’s degree which are not equivalent to a master’s degree 2) Master’s degree (Master (M.), Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Science (M.S.), Master of Professional Studies (M.P.S.) title normally requires completion of four semesters of course work, about two years in duration. Some master’s programs require a thesis, some do not.
  36. 36. CHARACTERISTICS OF DEGREES AND DIPLOMAS 3) Doctoral Degrees (Doctor (D.), Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)) titles are awarded upon completion of two or three years of study beyond the master’s degree A dissertation is a requirement for graduation in the doctoral programs
  37. 37. Universities in the Philippines
  38. 38.
  39. 39. School Classes Typical school days are from 7:30am to 5pm, Monday to Friday. Classrooms average about 50 students (boys and girls together) and students remain in one classroom Average number of students ranges from 50-60 5.6 million pupils and students in the country between the ages of six to 15 have dropped out or have never gone to school before
  40. 40. BEST PRACTICES IN CLASSROOMS 1. Classroom Routines Students clean classrooms Stand and greet teachers, classmates and visitors with respect Common prayer to start the day 2. Classroom Rules raise hand and stand to answer a question when called form lines outside the classrooms and when walking on hallways
  41. 41. References philippines-global.html higher-education-philippines March-19-2013.pdf SYSTEM