Cal Poly - An Overview of Open Science


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October 18, 2013 @ Kennedy Library, Data Studio, Cal Poly. We hear about all things “open” these days: open access, open source, open data, open science, et cetera. But what does it really mean for how we do science? How are things changing, and what are the implications for individual researchers?

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Cal Poly - An Overview of Open Science

  1. 1. From Flickr by Sean_Marshall OPEN SCIENCE Open… Carly Strasser, PhD @carlystrasser California Digital Library Cal Poly Oct 2013
  2. 2. From Flickr by Marc Sardon Why do they pay? Modified from Cameron Neylon
  3. 3. From Flickr by Be.Futreproof From Flickr by natematias From Flickr by Derek K. Miller Modified from Cameron Neylon
  4. 4. Why do scientists do science? Modified from Cameron Neylon
  5. 5. From Flickr by Emilio del Prado Modified from Cameron Neylon From Flickr by 401(K) 2013
  6. 6. Doing science is a privilege. Not a right. Modified from Cameron Neylon
  7. 7. Scientists have an obligation ensure reproducibility & trustworthiness further scientific progress
  8. 8. How?
  9. 9. From Flickr by cdsessums notebook science source content access data government repository knowledge
  10. 10. From Flickr by cdsessums notebook science source content access data government repository knowledge
  11. 11. Open Science From Flickr by EssjayNZ open repository open access open notebook open source
  12. 12. Open Science Making scientific data, research, & dissemination available to all From Flickr by
  13. 13. Credibility From Flickr by darkuncle Why participate?
  14. 14.
  15. 15. From Flickr by Robert Couse-Baker “Help us identify grants that are wasteful or that you don’t think are a good use of taxpayer dollars.” ! Rep. Adrian Smith (R-Nebraska), a member of the House Committee on Science and Technology
  16. 16. Credibility Faster progress From Flickr by darkuncle Why participate?
  17. 17. Success Stories
  18. 18. Credibility Faster progress Required From Flickr by darkuncle Why participate?
  19. 19. Journals Institutions From Flickr by Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer Funders
  20. 20. But… From Flickr by jackcheng “It’s hard!” “My work may be used for evil!” “The public will misunderstand it!”
  21. 21. From Flickr by bbaunach From Flickr by Candie_N
  22. 22. From Flickr by cdsessums notebook science source content access data government repository knowledge
  23. 23. E-­‐notebooks   Online  science      
  24. 24. From Flickr by cdsessums notebook science source content access data government repository knowledge
  25. 25. From Flickr by PGRsOnline Digital ¤ Free ¤ Online No price or permission barriers Full content Immediately available Not just publications
  26. 26. OA From Flickr by TheCulinaryGeek OA Journals Peer review e.g., PLOS & Ecosphere 2 flavors of OA OA OA Repositories No peer review Can be institutional or discipline-specific
  27. 27. OA: OA Journals •  Some charge authors but many don’t •  Waived fees if institution has a subscription •  Institutions have funds for paying fees
  28. 28. OA: OA Repositories •  House articles for authors •  Articles can be in OA journals or traditional journals •  Post-print archiving is… explicitly allowed by ~60% of journals allowed by almost all others by request •  Solves pricing and permission problems Holdup: Authors aren’t doing it
  29. 29. The policy covers more than 8,000 UC faculty at all 10 campuses of the University of California, and as many as 40,000 publications a year. UC is the largest public research university in the world and its faculty members receive roughly 8% of all research funding in the U.S.
  30. 30. OA Repositories List OpenDOAR University of Nottingham, UK
  31. 31. NAY Are there any SAY ERS down sides to OA? “Publishers are necessary for scholarly communication” •  Important “gatekeeper” role •  Maintain scholarly reputation of journal •  Arrange for peer review •  Edit and index articles Association of American Publishers (AAP) lobbying against open publication
  32. 32. From Flickr by cdsessums notebook science source content access data government repository knowledge
  33. 33. From Flickr by Ninja M. Open Data certain data should be freely available to everyone to use & republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control
  34. 34. World Data Centers established “minimize the risk of data loss” “maximize data accessibility” International Geophysical Year 1957-1958"
  35. 35. From Flickr by Michael Tinkler
  36. 36. Why not? " Barriers to Open Data = Barriers to Data Stewardship •  Cost •  Confusion about standards •  Lack of training •  Fear of lost rights •  No incentives From Flickr by daquell amanera
  37. 37. From Flickr by twm1340 Culture Shift Required
  38. 38. From  Flickr  by  cdsessums   notebook science source content access data government repository knowledge
  39. 39. Open Source Software •  source code available •  licensed so that others can study, change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose •  Developed in a public, collaborative manner
  40. 40. Benefits Reproduce research Find & fix bugs Extend utility: new software Community effort •  •  •  • 
  41. 41. What does this have to do with science?
  42. 42. From flickr by NS Newsflash
  43. 43. Back in February: … “Federal agencies investing in research and development (more than $100 million in annual expenditures) must have clear and coordinated policies for increasing public access to research products.”
  44. 44. 1.  Maximize free public access 2.  Ensure researchers create data management plans 3.  Allow costs for data preservation and access in proposal budgets 4.  Ensure evaluation of data management plan merits 5.  Ensure researchers comply with their data management plans 6.  Promote data deposition into public repositories 7.  Develop approaches for identification and attribution of datasets 8.  Educate folks about data stewardship From Flickr by Joe Crimmings Photography
  45. 45. From  Flickr  by  dotpolka   Doing science is a privilege – not a right.
  46. 46. My website Email me Tweet me My slides @carlystrasser