Truth about the teenage brain


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Truth about the teenage brain

  1. 1. GRADE 8 The Truth about the Teenage Brain By Carly Relf
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>QUESTIONS TO THINK ABOUT . . . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think differently to adults? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you ruled by emotion rather than logic? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have any ideas? Discuss these questions briefly with a partner </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think your brain has finished growing? </li></ul><ul><li>Now lets take a vote for the this question . . . . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aims <ul><li>To understand more about how the teenage brain works. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how your brains development affects your learning, your emotions, your thoughts, your ideas, your feelings, your decisions, your memory and your behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>To learn about the differences between the male and female brain </li></ul><ul><li>To learn about the impact of technology on your brain </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Brain Basics <ul><li>How does your brain develop? </li></ul><ul><li>0-10 years of your life your sensory lobes are developed (use of the 5 senses – what are these?) </li></ul><ul><li>FACT . By the age of six - 95% of brain development is completed </li></ul><ul><li>10-12 years - major growth spurt in your brain (building new neural connections) </li></ul><ul><li>13-20 years - the more complex higher order functions in the frontal lobe develop. These include problem-solving, rational thought, reasoning, and analysis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How does the brain work? <ul><li>The brain “prunes” or gets rid of information that you do not make connections with – so the phrase “use it or lose it” is true </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning follows overproduction of neural connections. . .so the parts that you use the most will stay which is like “survival of the fittest” </li></ul><ul><li>So . . . you have to be interested in the topic for your brain to process the information and remember it . . . . this is why your teachers are asking you to pay attention in class . </li></ul>
  6. 6. How do you remember things? <ul><li>SHORT TERM MEMORY (the immediate things that you learn at the time) </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING MEMORY (you can use the information but you may forget it later) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information goes into long term memory when you sleep and if you have practiced and revised the knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>LONG TERM MEMORY (you are able to recall the information because it is stored). </li></ul>You can ‘design’ your own brain. As you make connections to the information the brain will remember it and store it to the long term memory
  7. 7. The Boy/Girl Brain <ul><li>Read the differences below and discuss a specific example that you have experienced for each one </li></ul><ul><li>Girls are more likely to be verbal (talk more) </li></ul><ul><li>Girls are more likely to remember and show their emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Boys are more likely to enjoy visual (look at things) and spatial tasks (move around ) </li></ul><ul><li>Boys are more likely to be competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Remember these are general rules but we are all INDIVIDUALS. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this always true for everyone? NO </li></ul>
  8. 8. Are you Lost in Electronica? <ul><li>How does it affect the brain? A chemical called dopamine is released when you are stimulated by technology so beware it can be addictive. Exercise releases this hormone too! </li></ul><ul><li>Beware too much technology will stunt or slow down or deactivate the development of the frontal lobe – we need this part of the brain for social interaction, emotional intelligence skills, multitasking, developing reading skills, and acquiring general knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>BUT . . . .. research has shown that the internet can actually enhance brain function too! It can help your working memory and decision-making skills </li></ul><ul><li>ALLOW . . some “downtime” so that you can reflect and help your brain to develop its thinking </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>THE BRAIN IS CONSTANTLY CHANGING AND CHANGEABLE </li></ul><ul><li>Remember you are adding gray matter (thought processes) and pruning (getting rid of) connections all the time </li></ul><ul><li>Men and women have a different brain structure and differing levels of hormones which affects how they behave and think </li></ul><ul><li>So guys . . the choices you make now affect you for the rest of your lives (positive experiences = highly efficient brain) </li></ul>