Smoking and tobacco use

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Smoking and tobacco use

  1. 1. Smoking and Tobacco Use
  2. 2. Did you know? <ul><li>More than 1,000 people in the U.S. die each day from smoking-related illness </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking kills more people each year than AIDS, fires, car accidents, murders, suicides, alcohol and other drugs combined . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is tobacco so bad? <ul><li>Tobacco is toxic to your body. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco is addictive. Once you start using it your body starts needing it. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco can kill you! </li></ul><ul><li>Each time you smoke a cigarette you are taking away 5 to 20 minutes of your life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is in tobacco and cigarettes? Lots of toxic chemicals! <ul><li>Carbon Monoxide- auto exhaust, gas chambers Carbon Dioxide Carbonyl Sulfide Benzene (1) Toluene- industrial solvent, in explosives Formaldehyde (2)- body tissue preserver Acrolein- aquatic herbicide=burned glycerol </li></ul><ul><li>Acetone- poisonous solvent, nail polish remover Pyridine- poisonous solvent Methylpyridine- insecticide solvent Vinylpyridine Hyrogen Cyanide- rat poison, gas chambers Hydrazine- rocket fuel chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Ammonia- poisonous, cleaning agent for toilets and floors Methylamine- tanning agent Dimethylamine- tanning accelerator Nitrogen Oxides Nitrosodimethylamine Nitrosodiethylamine Nitrosopyrrolidine Formic Acid- caustic solvent Acetic Acid- caustic solvent Methyl Chloride- poisonous refrigerant Butadiene Particulate Matter- animal carcinogen Nicotine- insecticide, cockroach killer Anatabine Phenol- toilet bowl disinfectant </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Catechol- tanning, dyeing agent Hydroquinone- photographic developing agent Aniline- industrial solvent Toluidine- agent in dye manufacture Napthalamine- mothballs Aminobiphenyl Benz(a)anthracene Benzo(a)pyrene Cholesterol Butyrolactone Quinoline- specimen preservative Harman Nitrosonornicotine NNH Nitrodiethanolamine Cadmium Nickel Zinc- anti-corrosion coating for metals Aluminum- metal Titanium- metal Copper- metal Mercury- metal </li></ul><ul><li>Silicon- metal Silver- metal Gold- metal Polonium- 210-radioactive element Benzoic Acid- tobacco curing agent Lactic Acid- caustic solvent Glycolic Acid- metal cleaning agent Succinic Acid- agent in Lacquer manufacture PCDDs and PCDFs – dioxins, dibenzofurans Hexamine-barbecue lighter Stearic Acid- candle wax Cadmium- rechargeable batteries Arsenic- poison Butane- cigarette lighter fluid Propylene Glycol- antifreeze </li></ul>
  6. 7. Effects of smoking and tobacco
  7. 8. Is this attractive?
  8. 9. Reality check This is what smokers really look like
  9. 10. http://www.smokingstinks-aaco.org/horrors.html
  10. 18. PASSIVE SMOKING Inhaling someone else’s smoke “ second hand smoke”
  11. 19. Passive smoking is a proven health hazard. Over 600 medical reports have been published linking passive smoking to diseases.
  12. 20. The breathing in of passive smoke by non-smokers can lead to harmful health effects in the unborn child, and middle ear infections and bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma and other chest conditions in children. It is also linked to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) .
  13. 22. Not Impressed? <ul><li>Think about the more immediate effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stinky clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sniff a dirty ashtray to see what a smoker really smells like to non-smokers. </li></ul>
  14. 23. <ul><li>If it’s so bad why do people still smoke? </li></ul>
  15. 24. Why do people smoke and chew? <ul><li>Advertisements make it look attractive </li></ul><ul><li>Peer pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Some people think it helps with weight control </li></ul><ul><li>Some people think it helps reduce stress </li></ul><ul><li>Their parents do it </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>I’m young who cares… </li></ul>
  16. 25. I’m young. This stuff won’t happen to me for a long time. <ul><li>You may think that you are young and these problems only occur when you get old, but it all starts when you start smoking. You are probably already feeling the effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Teen smokers have a harder time competing in sports because of shortness of breath, decreased circulation, and rapid heart rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Smokers are more likely to miss a “big game” because they get sick more often with colds, flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia. </li></ul>
  17. 26. Smoking is expensive! <ul><li>If a pack of cigarettes is about $4/pack then it would cost you about $1,500/year. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of how many CD’s, clothes, movie tickets you could buy with that money. </li></ul>
  18. 27. <ul><li>Truth or Lies? </li></ul>
  19. 28. Tobacco Ads <ul><li>Advertisements make tobacco use look hip, cool, and glamorous. </li></ul>
  20. 29. Don’t Be Fooled! <ul><li>Each year tobacco advertisers spend big bucks to push their products. </li></ul><ul><li>Current tobacco ads target women, minorities, and teens. </li></ul><ul><li>They associate cigarettes and tobacco with popular themes such as success, popularity, glamour, risk-taking. </li></ul>
  21. 30. Take a look at how unrealistic ads are <ul><li>How long will that woman have beautiful skin and gorgeous teeth if she keeps smoking? </li></ul>
  22. 31. <ul><li>Are you really more of a man if you smoke? What girl is going to kiss you with that stinky breath? </li></ul>
  23. 32. The Real Story <ul><li>Janet Sackman, Lucky Strike’s former cover girl, has had her larynx removed due to throat cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>Wayne Mclaren, former Marlboro Man, has died of lung cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>David Goerlite, a former Winston man has suffered a stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>David Millar, another former Marlboro Man has died from emphysema. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the models smoked the products </li></ul><ul><li>they promoted. </li></ul>
  24. 33. Rick Bender was a Major League baseball player who lost half of his face due to chewing tobacco.
  25. 34. What the ads should really say
  26. 36.                                                   
  27. 38. <ul><li>Smoke Free </li></ul>
  28. 39. Staying or Becoming Smoke-Free <ul><li>Tobacco ads may make you feel like everyone is doing it but they are not. </li></ul><ul><li>Only about 28% of high school students smoke. </li></ul><ul><li>That means about three out of every four don’t smoke. </li></ul>
  29. 40. How can I quit? <ul><li>First give yourself a pat on the back for wanting to quit. That is the first step. </li></ul><ul><li>Quitting is not easy, remember nicotine is addictive. </li></ul><ul><li>You can do it if you set your mind to it! </li></ul>
  30. 41. Strategies to help you quit <ul><li>Get support : ask your parents or friends. If they smoke and are not interested then find a support group in person or online. </li></ul><ul><li>Set a quit date : Mark it on your calendar and tell your friends and family. </li></ul><ul><li>Throw away your cigarettes and chew - ALL of it. Get rid of the ashtrays and lighters too. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash all your clothes . Get rid of the cigarette smell. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about triggers : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid those situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substitute something else for cigarettes </li></ul></ul>
  31. 42. Physical symptoms you may have after quitting <ul><li>Headaches or stomachaches </li></ul><ul><li>Crabbiness, jumpiness, depression </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth or sore throat </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to pig out </li></ul><ul><li>The symptoms will pass so be patient and don’t sneak a smoke or a chew or you will have to deal with the symptoms longer. </li></ul>
  32. 43. More strategies to help you quit <ul><li>Keep yourself busy </li></ul><ul><li>If you are having trouble with the strategies you may need to talk to a doctor who can give you some suggestions. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t give up! </li></ul><ul><li>Reward yourself. Use the money that you would have used to buy cigarettes to buy yourself something special. </li></ul>
  33. 44. Get involved in your community Join an anti-smoking campaign                                 
  34. 46. References <ul><li>www.kidshealth.org </li></ul><ul><li>American Academy of Family Physicians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking: Facts for Teens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CDC: Tobacco Information and Prevention Source (TIPS) </li></ul><ul><li>www.smokingstinks-aaco.org/horrors.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.googleimages.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.ottawa.ca </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by Bridget Robinson, RN, BSN,SNM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Kansas School of Nursing HETC Project </li></ul></ul>
  35. 47. <ul><li>YOU TUBE ANTI SMOKING CLIPS </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sXAlpHSI-d0 </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YjrkBYDDQM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dn50mTEGnrU&NR=1

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