Monitoring Professional Group Presented by : Jennifer Sundun anak Lakin Pauline anak Muli Enchiu anak Embam Nur Ariani Mohamad
Introduction Professional group is a group organized around a common professional interest that is related to the use of computers Professional group can be grouped these field; arts, building survey, commercial property, construction, dispute resolution, facilities management, environment and so on which is has a professional qualification. Monitoring professional groups is important to ensure the personnel working in an ethical behaviour.
Enforcement Enforcement is a regulatory enforced towards behaviour in doing professional task. Enforcement is the main characteristics that must be followed by the person that in professional group to ensure that the ethics practice in the profession.
Three factors that support the needs of enforcement in monitoring the professional group. Expertise need a recognition in order to practice their expertise to control or manage the case that need their expert to be settled. making a quality decision lack of expertise - give bad impact to their customers / clients E.g – in counseling.
Freedom Freedom is important in enforcement of manage the activities of professional group. Two reason against freedom in professional activities freedom of professional is absolute - Some values will influence the consideration that will take by the professional group freedom is depend on the situation - make a decision based on technical. Expertise and knowledge of the professional group is important in order to make right decision.
Confidentiality The relationship with professional group with their client. This professional group need to keep the information about their client. E.g Lawyer, Doctor etc. The unprofessional and low expertise will influence the level of secrecy of the information about the clients. This will decrease the trustworthy of the clients.
The term self-regulation does not have an accepted definition, and in its simplest it may refer to individuals and organizations to regulate their own conduct. Continuing professional development is an essential part of professionalism and is best done within the realm of self-regulation and autonomous control of the profession itself. One way of considering self-regulation is as a substitute for command and control, another as self-administered
self-regulatory bodies usually have higher levels of relevant expertise and technical knowledge than is possible with independent regulation and have easy access to those under control, thus acquiring information necessary to formulate and set standards at low cost, and furthermore have low monitoring and enforcement costs as they are able to adapt to changing conditions in a flexible and smooth manner and tend to enjoy the trust of the regulated group. Professional self-regulation is characterized by professional conduct and competence, fairness, transparency, accountability and public participation.
Characteristic of a profession includes:1. Providing a socially necessary function2.A specialized body of knowledge3. Independent scope of practice4.Professional standards of practice and education5. A code of ethics6. A process to address professional conduct and competence issues7.Legislated self‐regulation or formal association for the purpose of self-regulation.8.Exercising independent professional judgment9.Compensation for services rendered10.Responsibility for educating prospective professionals.
Key component of a professional regulatory framework should include:1. Protection of title2. Scope of practice and accommodation of overlapping scopes3. A code of ethics to guide the profession4.Officers of the professional association as practicing members5. Enablement of standards for professional education and practice6. Complaints resolution process7. Continuing competence requirements
Entry into Professional In a democratic society, membership in a profession must take into account aspects of equality of opportunity. All qualified professional regardless of race or ethnicity, religion, ideology, politics must be given opportunities to same entering an area of the profession. Interpretation of an entry into the profession should be based on competence and values. A person is considered to have an adequate ethical behavior that does not violate the rules and regulations and in line with the needs of society.
The main goal of a license to be a professional practitioner is solely to protect the public from acts of unethical and incompetent professional person. Therefore, professionals must not only have an ethical attitude, but more important is to prove the ability to ethically and have endurance. Criteria ethical (moral) are sometimes quite vague and needs clarification.
Disciplines There are some professional after some time become qualified practitioners began to forget or less taking into account this ethical attitude. Normally the punishment imposed toward violates professional ethics. When education developments already have, the issues about competence will be the main issues among professionals There also have more punishment imposed by society on the professionals.
There includes the:~The punishment by society in the form of (publicly) professionals who perform unethical actions.~Ostracism by the community. The society doesn’t want to meet with professional groups and professional colleagues refuse to refer to it.~Denied membership in any professional field.~Can be sued at the court.~Licenses that enable it to be private practitioners may be suspended or withdrawn.
The professional groups consist of the community groups that have the same interest. This interest we can divide into three elements which are:~Self-interest to enhance the economic value of the profession such as payment services and opportunities.~Technical importance in the art and technique of construction professions such as construction methods using brick or spacecraft.~Cultural interests such as health, justice or security law in society.
Code of Ethics Definition a code of ethics is a set of guidelines which are designed to set out acceptable behaviors for members of a particular group, association, or profession.
Five (5) Code of Ethicsexample Code of Moral values systems that we believe Code of Personal Ethics reminds us of high standards of personal Barrack Obama
Five (5) Code of Ethics example Ethics Code of Social a group of individual and they too have a rulebook regarding their beliefs about culture, religion, race and their own beliefs by which they are identified Code of Business Ethics ethics that prevent an organization from doing activities that may harm the interest of other organizations, individual society or the country
Five (5) Code of Ethicsexample Code of Professional Ethics the professional also help us grow as an individual should be a good team player, have empathies for his fellow employees and gives everyone an equal opportunity to grow and show his or her skills.
Individual involvement Ability to assess. Have the competencies. Some people find that the professionals should be monitor by other professionals.
Enforcement EffectivenessFour main factors: Basic professional discipline Whistle-blowing Comprehensive investigation process and procedure of implementing disciplinary action
Basic ProfessionalDiscipline must be widening criteria must be clear and comprehensive
Whistle-blowing Should reveal the professional misconduct behavior. Must be practices in professional and non-professional groups.
Comprehensive investigation Accusation of professional misconduct behavior.
Process and Procedure of Implementing Disciplinary Action License of the professional can be suspended. Human right is still the same but the specialty of his professionalism is suspended.
Conclusion Monitoring professional group is important to ensure they work in ethical behaviour. Work in ethical behaviour is important to avoid misconduct activities such as bribery, breach of trust, and other misconduct behaviour. In monitoring professional group, enforcement, enforcement in self regulatory, follow code of ethic, by new approach and other method to ensure the quality of work of these professional group. This include whistle blowing of misconduct activities by the professional group to top management so that their activity is under