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Unit 1 First Americans Student


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Unit 1 First Americans Student

  1. 1. America In The Beginning<br />Who were the first Americans?<br />This land bridge is known as Beringia. Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migrated to the America&apos;s. <br />This caused ocean levels to drop <br />and expose land.<br />In the Bering straight a land bridge appeared connecting <br />Siberia(Asia)& the Americas<br />30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ice age<br />The world was covered in glaciers<br />or sheets of ice. <br />How and why did they come here?<br />
  2. 2. America In The Beginning<br />What happened when they came to America?<br />The ice age ended warming up glaciers causing water levels to rise covering up the land bridge.<br />Some animals died off like mammoths.<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or adapt to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own environments<br />in order to survive. <br /> How did they meet their new needs?<br />Hunter&apos;s in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or nomads followed the mammoths and spread out or migrated to the America&apos;s<br />
  3. 3. How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?<br />America In The Beginning<br />Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating cultural region.<br />Many Native American have these things in common.<br />1. Nature has a spirit and believe in many gods.<br />2. No one can own land.<br />3. Only use what is needed (no waste).<br />4. Trade was important to most societies<br />Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural resources in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter. <br />What did they have in common?<br />
  4. 4. 8 Cultural<br /> Regions<br />California<br />Great Basin<br />Great Plains<br />South East<br />North West Coast<br />Plateau<br />Eastern Woodlands<br />South West<br />Plateau<br />Northwest coast<br />Great basin<br />Northeast<br />California<br />Plains<br />Southeast<br />Southwest<br />
  5. 5. 8 Cultural Regions<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. North West Coast<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />cool summers<br />heavy rainfall<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/beaches<br />thick forests of fir, <br />spruce, and cedar<br />rugged mountains<br />seafood/salmon<br />deer, moose, bear, elk, <br />beaver, mountain goats<br />Culture:<br />Tools: Use cedar canoes to hunt.<br />Fenced in salmon laying eggs<br />Used cedar to make rope, mat and baskets, shell needles <br />Used wedges, sledge hammers drills and knives to carve wooden masks<br />Clothing:<br />Cedar water proof clothing like capes with decorative shell buttons<br />Shelter:<br />Lived near the coast, cedar long houses with cedar bark roofs<br />
  8. 8. California<br />Weather:<br /> rainy winters<br />hot dry summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />ocean/coast<br />foothills<br />valley&apos;s<br />deserts<br />mountains<br />acorns, oak trees<br />grass, and plants<br />redwood trees<br />salmon/seafood/shellfish<br />deer, rabbits, ducks, <br />roots berries, pine nuts <br />Culture:<br />Tools: Used bow and arrows, snares, and nets used cooking stones to cook acorn meals. Tools from antlers<br />Clothing: <br />Grass/leather apron and skirts<br />Shelter:<br />Cone shaped made of red wood bark. Poles and reeds woven into mats<br />
  9. 9. Great Basin<br />Weather:<br />little rain<br />hot during the day <br />cold at night<br />Natural Resources:<br />mostly dessert<br />low areas surrounded by <br />mountains at the edges<br />with valleys that had <br />seasonal lakes and streams<br />plants that need little water like<br />grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees, <br />at the outer edges pine trees, and willow<br />small animals rabbits, lizards, <br />grasshoppers, snakes<br /> sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons <br />seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail<br />Culture:<br />Tools: <br />Water basket sealed with tree sap. Floating duck decoys, nets sharp sticks and flat baskets for catching seeds.<br />Clothing: rabbit robes in winter<br />Shelter: Nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow brush and reeds<br />
  10. 10. Plateau<br />Weather:<br />long cold winters<br />comfortable summers <br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains with <br />dense forests in areas<br />flatter in the center with <br />drier grass lands<br />rivers<br />driftwood, mud, dirt,<br />grass and sage brush<br />fish, antelope, deer, seeds<br />onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon<br />Culture:<br />Tools:<br />Woven baskets, willow digging sticks, wooden fishing platforms, nets and spears for salmon<br />Clothing: antelope and deer hides leggings dresses and skirts, woven hats seed and shell design<br />Shelter: <br />Near rivers, partly underground out of driftwood, mud, sap and reeds<br />
  11. 11. Great Plains<br />Weather:<br />cold winters <br />hot summers<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains surrounding edges<br />treeless grasslands in the center<br />east more water and softer soil<br />west drier dense grass<br />Buffalo and smaller animals<br />Culture: <br />Tools: <br />Bow made of buffalo tendon, arrows, V shaped stone trap, fire, bone knives, shield<br />Clothing:<br />Buffalo robes and hides <br />Shelter:<br />Houses call tipi’s (plains word for dwelling)<br />
  12. 12. South West<br />Weather:<br />high temperatures<br />little rain <br />dry/arid<br />Natural Resources:<br />mountains, canyons<br />desserts, flat top mesas<br />rivers, little water<br />clay, brightly colored plants, cotton<br />corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits<br />Houses: Made of bricks of adobe(sun baked clay) Up to four stories and hundreds of rooms<br />Clothes: made of cotton. Using plants to dye the fabric<br />Tools: lived in flooded areas. Men dug irrigation ditches and dams to hold the summer rain. <br />Women were grinding corn kernels into cornmeal. They used clay pots to cook chili pepper stews.<br />
  13. 13. Eastern Woodlands<br />Weather:<br />snowy winters , rain<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />lots of lakes and streams<br />Forests, plants, <br />maple trees, elm,<br />deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish<br />corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,<br />nuts, berries<br />House: Long house sturdy , long-framed houses covered with elm bark. About 20 feet wide and over 100 feet long. Several related families live in sections of the house.<br />Clothing: Skirts capes and moccasins made of deer skin <br />Tools: Ground corn with wooden sticks, used wooden canoes, speared fish <br />For farming land, man burnt small sections of trees and underbrush. Women used hoes for planting. Made maple syrup and wooden storage canisters.<br />
  14. 14. South East<br />Weather:<br />long warm humid summers<br />mild winters<br />Natural Resources:<br />rivers, ocean/coast<br />Fertile coastal plains<br />mountains, <br />swamps<br />Trees, clay, shells, <br />corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, <br />sunflowers, sweet potatoes<br />squirrels, rabbits, turkeys, <br />deer, alligators, turtles,<br />wild rice, persimmons<br />Houses: made of strips of young trees woven into a rectangular frame, then plastered with clay. These houses had pointed roofs made of leaves.<br />Towns included many mounds which as burial sights and used as platforms and temples. <br />Clothing: Made of deer skin. Jewelry made of stones, shells, feathers, pearls, bones, and clay.<br />Tools: used hoes made of stone, shell or animal shoulder blades. Hunted using small blow guns, bows and arrows.<br />