Culture plex may11


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Culture plex may11

  1. 1. Jesuit Network: Communication at Moxos Missions<br />Carlos-Urani Montiel<br />
  2. 2. Research assistants, Moxos Musical Archive, Bolivia (Jun 2007)<br /> Musicologist PiotrNawrot<br />
  3. 3. At the Archive<br /><ul><li>Manuscript process</li></ul>Transcription<br />Cataloguing<br />Moxos Musical Archive<br />Reincorporation<br />Digitizing &cleaning<br />Gatheringdocuments<br />
  4. 4. Transcription<br />Villancico: Traditional poetic form, it is a sacred piece written for festival days in the church when celebrations reflect a secular spirit.<br />Los negrillos a los reyes / a los reyes / una máscara dispongan / que siempre al nacer del sol<br />es propio correr la sombras / Flaziquiyo de Angola / tuca la trompetiya cum la tambora<br />
  5. 5. Jesuit Network: Communication at Moxos Missions<br />
  6. 6. JesuitCommunication Network<br /> Geographic dissemination of forms of thought and symbolic production, coincided temporally with the establishment of permanent links between the four parts of the World. <br /> The Company enhanced this mobility through its missional work that followed a single set of rules, flexible enough to be adapted to local circumstances. The exchange, in terms of trade and travel, underscored a process of connectivity increment; of an exponential growth of information flows.<br />
  7. 7. 1. Prolegomenon and contexts<br />Digital Humanities<br />Communication and social networks<br />Counterreformation and book trade<br />
  8. 8. Network Theory<br />“Communication networks are the patterns of contact that are created by the flow of messages among communicators through time and space.” <br />“Network analysis is an analytic technique that enables researchers to represent relational data and explore the nature and properties of those relations.”<br />Monge and Contractor, Theories of <br />Communication Networks, 2003.<br />
  9. 9. 2. Jesuit System of Communication<br />The idea of an organization: rules and formulas<br />The Company and its mediums <br />Travel and written experience<br />Religious economy and Jesuit procurators<br />
  10. 10. Justification<br />“The passage from Spain to Italy will be made safe, and it is known how important this is for the good of these kingdoms in general and for the individual good of many who have so much to suffer if this path of communication is broken.”<br />Letter to Jerome Nadal from Ignatius of Loyola, 1552.<br />“lack of knowledge and information occasion mistakes to the service of God our Lord.”<br />The Constitutions of the Society of Jesus, 1558.<br />
  11. 11. Ignatian tree by Athanasius Kircher (1646) <br />
  12. 12. “Jesuit long‐distance networks provided the infrastructure, and the initial justification for the Society's entry into so many branches of early modern science, an entry marked by the emergence of specific literary forms, or genres, of scientific publication.<br />Harris, “Confession-Building, Long-Distance Networks, <br />and the Organization of Jesuit Science”,1996.<br />“The dynamics of the global Jesuit network have already revealed not only sacraments (baptism, the Eucharist, and ordination to priesthood) and non sacramental rites (prayers and exorcism) but also activities as mundane as letter writing performed with ceremonial or symbolic affectation.”<br />Clossey, Salvation and Globalization in <br />the Early Jesuit Missions, 2008.<br />
  13. 13. 3. Communication at Moxos Missions<br />Aboriginal Cultural Geography of the Llanos<br />Firsts ties: foundation’s strategy (KM)<br />Urban reduction: missional epidemic<br />Document administration<br />Sponsorship and production<br />Exile and survival<br />
  14. 14. Moxos Missions<br />My thesis explores communication and global organization from a specific location in the lowland regions of South America.<br />Jesuit activity “transformed dispersed aboriginal settlements into a series of large complexes dedicated to the exploitation of savanna resources in the mission period.” <br />Block, Mission Culture on <br />the Upper Amazon, 1994.<br />
  15. 15. 4. Case Studies and Spatiotemporal Nodes <br />Modelling and visualising the network<br />
  16. 16. Types of sources<br />
  17. 17. Types of sources<br />
  18. 18. Types of sources<br />“Litteræannuæ and missionary reports: Both are forms of annual accounts and both are rooted in Ignatius' original ideas concerning Jesuit communication, both share the high value attached to a systematic conveying of information, both 'also combine the edifying intention with a strong gesture of factual reporting.” <br />Friedrich, “Circulating and Compiling <br />the Litteræannuæ”, 2008.<br />
  19. 19. Lugar<br />Evento<br />Nace en<br />Módulo Formación<br />menciona<br />Muere en<br />Persona<br />menciona<br />adscrito a<br />adscrito a<br />menciona<br />Obra<br />Formación<br />Género<br />escribe<br />Formato<br />Administración<br />Institución<br />Tema<br />adscrito a<br />Cargo<br />Tipo<br />AssociationSchema<br />
  20. 20. Database Sample<br />
  21. 21. Database Sample<br />
  22. 22. Database Sample<br />
  23. 23. Julián de Aller (Detail)<br />Same Network (Ordered by Date)<br />
  24. 24. 4. Case Studies and Spatiotemporal Nodes <br />Modelling and visualising the network<br />P. Pedro Marbán: establishment and document distribution<br />P. Pedro Barace: expansion and risks outside the web<br />Visitador Diego Altamirano: missional model<br />Procurator Felipe del Castillo: a node-movement<br />Superior Juan de Beingolea: the network failure<br />
  25. 25. Expected Results<br />A relational approach focuses on durable patterns of interaction that lead to social structures where decision-making agents are more or less connected as they pursue their objectives.<br />By representing the density and distribution of social interactions, it will be possible to analyse the attributes (values, norms, interests, influences, and identities) of the missionaries that constituted a stable cultural environment at Moxos.<br />
  26. 26. Thanks...<br />