THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICE Abraham (as) migrates to Mecca with his wife and his baby Ismael. However, there was not a soul inMecca. Abraham(as) returns to Damascus leaving some water and fresh dates to his wife and his babyson. He travels for a while and then he raises his hands and prays to God: “Our Lord! I placed some ofmy children in a barren valley next to your holy house. Our Lord! I did so because I wanted them to dotheir prayers truly. Please let some of your people love them, and may you feed them with your food,hopefully, they will be grateful“ (İbrahim-37)
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICE Hacer and her baby Ismael (as) run out of their food and water. Both of them begin to suffer fromthirst. Hacer starts to seek for some water for her baby. She climbs up the nearest hill which is calledthe hill of Safa and looks around. She can neither see water nor a human being. She goes down thehill and runs accross the valley. Then, she climbs up the hill opposite, the hill of Marwa . She looksaround and she can see nothing.
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICE She goes between the two hills for seven times. Final, when she returns to her baby in ademoralized and worn out state, the limitless generosity of God blesses her. The water of zamzamsprings from the feet of the child who was suffering from thirst. Both the mother and her baby aresaved by drinking that water. In time, people start to settle in that valley because of that spring andthe city of Mecca is founded.
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICE Several years go by. Ismael(as) grows up and becomes a young man. One day, Abraham(as), goesto his son and pointing at a certain place, he tells to him: “God commands me to build a housethere” .This place was going to be the first common worshipping place for people on Earth. Then,they together started to build the Kaaba.
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICEWhile Abraham(as) was building the Kaaba, he was praying: “You know when Abraham wasbuilding on the foundations of the house with Ismael, they were addressing to their God:” Our Lord!Accept (this service) from us: For Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.“. ” Our Lord! make ofus Muslims, bowing to Thy (Will), and of our progeny a people Muslim, bowing to Thy (Will); andshow us our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art theOft-Relenting, Most Merciful. “ (Bakara 127-128)
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICE “When His son (Ismael) is old enough to walk and run with him, Abraham(as) told him “My dear!I had a dream in which I was cutting your throat. So , think about it. What do you say?” . Ismaelanswered, “Dear Dad, do as you are commanded. Hopefully, you will see that I am one of the patientpeople” . (Saffat 102) . Because Abraham (as) knew that dreams of prophets are true and they are divine inspirations..
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICEIn the meanwhile, disguised as a human being the Devil approaches first to Ismael’s (as) motherHacer and then to Ismael . He informs them about the sacrifice in order to deceive them. However,both his mother Hacer and her son Ismael(as) reply the Devil : “If this is God’s order, how nice of himto obey this order. Whatever God orders we will obey with our lives”
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICEAfter that, the Devil approaches to Abraham(as) and tries to dissuade him from his decision. Havingunderstood that it was the Devil who had talked to him, Abraham(as) drives it away by throwingstones at him at three different places. It is stated in Koran: “Finally, when both of them obeyed theGod’s word, and Abraham laid him on the ground in order to sacrifice, we spoke to him in this way:“So, Abraham! You abided by the judgement made by us as it was foreshadowed in your dream. Wecertainly reward so , the ones who is virtuous. Un doubtedly, this is an absolute trial. We saved Ismaelby giving Abraham a great blessing for sacrifice” (The Sura of Saffat103-7))
THE HISTORY OF THE FEAST OF SACRIFICEAbraham (as), decided to sacrifice his son Ismael (as) and laid him on the ground to cut his throat. Atthat moment, the knife went blunt and it did not cut the son. Then, Angel Gabriel appeared fromheaven with a ram and told Abraham (as) to sacrifice the ram instead of his son. Thus, Ismael wassaved and Abraham passed the God’s test successfully and he was given the title “Halilullah” whichmeans “the friend of God”.
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SACRED DUTY OF THE SACRIFICE? The duty of the Sacrifice is a kind of holy ritual which requires financial power. The sacrifice is realized by all adult muslims who are sensible, well off and who are not staying as guests somewhere. Besides his elementary needs and his debts, the person who possesses 80.18 gr of gold or who has money or other possessions which are of equal value is considered as well-off in our religion. Therefore, he does his sacred duty of sacrifice in order to express his gratitude for the generosity of his God.
WHICH ANIMALS CAN BE SACRIFICED? 1- SHEEP, GOAT IT MUST BE OVER ONE YEARS OF AGE. IT IS SACRIFICED BY ONE PERSON. 2- CATTLE, WATER BUFFALO IT MUST BE OVER 2 YEARS OF AGE. IT CAN BE SACRIFICED BY ONE TO SEVEN PERSONS. 3- CAMEL IT MUST BE OVER 5 YEARS OF AGE. IT CAN BE SACRIFİCED BY ONE TO SEVEN PERSONS.
HOW DO WE SHARE OUT THE MEAT OF THE SACRIFICED ANIMAL?
LET US EXCHANGE OUR GREETINGS OF CELEBRATION. LET US KISS AND MAKE PEACE. During the feast, we exchange our greetings by handshaking. People who are cross with each other, put an end to their quarrels for the sake of the feast and they make peace. Feelings of human love and brotherhood settle in the hearts of people.
WE VISIT THE GRAVES Our Prophet (sav) says : “ Visit the graves because visiting the graves will remind you of the afterlife”
WE VISIT OUR PARENTS, OUR ELDERLY AND OUR YOUNG. Our Prophet (sav) announces : “ He who neither respects the elderly nor loves the young is not one of us” We show our respect for our elderly people by kissing their hands. We conquer their hearts with sweet words and gifts. We make our children smile by giving them presents.
WE VISIT THE SICK We go and see our relatives and our neighbours who are suffering from illness. We try to hearten them with our conversation and boost their morale. We pray for their swift recovery. If there is any need, we also support them financially.
WE HELP THE DEPRİVED, THE POOR AND THE ORPHANS We help our relatives and our neighbours who live in poor conditions or who are left motherless or fatherless. We grant scholarship for students who are in need of money. We give them from the meat of the ritually sacrificed animal. We make them happy during the feast.