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Using Graphics and Visual Media in Instruction

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Using Graphics and Visual Media in Instruction

  1. 1. Using Graphics and Visual Media in Instruction
  2. 2. Dale’s Cone of Experience Verbal Symbols Visual Symbols Recordings/Radio Still Pictures Motion Pictures Television Exhibits Field Trips Demonstrations Dramatized Experiences Contrived Experiences Direct, Purposeful Experiences
  3. 3. Bruner’s Stages Abstract Iconic Enactive Verbal Symbols Visual Symbols Recordings/Radio Still Pictures Motion Pictures Television Exhibits Field Trips Demonstrations Dramatized Experiences Contrived Experiences Direct, Purposeful Experiences
  4. 4. Advantages of Visuals <ul><li>Provide a concrete referent for ideas (More easily remembered) </li></ul><ul><li>Motivate learners (Attract attention, hold attention, generate emotional response) </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify information, Illustrate relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Provide redundant channel </li></ul>
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  8. 8. Visual Literacy <ul><li>Input Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Output Strategies </li></ul>
  9. 9. Decoding and Encoding <ul><li>Developmental Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Preferences </li></ul>
  10. 10. Goals of Visual Design <ul><li>Ensure Legibility </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Effort </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Active Engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Focus Attention </li></ul>
  11. 11. Three Considerations of Visual Design <ul><li>Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Arrangement </li></ul>
  12. 12. Elements <ul><li>Realistic, Analogic,Organizational </li></ul>Learning Unrealistic Highly Realistic
  13. 13. Elements that Add Appeal <ul><li>Surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul>
  14. 14. Patterns <ul><li>Alignment </li></ul><ul><li>Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Rule of Thirds
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  17. 17. Arrangement <ul><li>Proximity </li></ul><ul><li>Directionals </li></ul><ul><li>Figure Ground Contrasts </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul>

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