El Salvador

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El Salvador

  1. 1. EL SALVADOR<br />MR. CARLOS MARTINEZ<br />
  2. 2. …si emaN yM<br />Think of a color<br />Think of an animal<br />Think of a number from 1 to 500<br />Think of something you hate to do<br />Think of a place you would love to visit<br />
  3. 3. My Name is…<br />First Name:<br />Last Name:<br />Age:<br />Job:<br />Where you live:<br />
  4. 4. My Fabulous Flag<br />
  5. 5. GENERAL INFORMATION<br />
  6. 6. PIPILS<br />The Pipils, a tribe of the nomadic people of Nahua settled down for a long time in central Mexico. <br />
  7. 7. LENCAS<br />The region of the east was populated and governed by the Lencas. <br />
  8. 8. CHORTIS<br />The North zone of the Lempa Hi River was populated and governed by the Chortis, a Mayan people.<br />
  9. 9. NAHUATL VOCABULARY<br /><ul><li>Cuaitl: Head
  10. 10. Cuauhtla: Forest
  11. 11. Hueltiuhtli: Sister
  12. 12. Icniuhtli: Friend
  13. 13. Ihcuiloa: Write
  14. 14. Mochi: Everything
  15. 15. Moztla: Tomorrow
  16. 16. Nantli: mother
  17. 17. Nemachtiloyan: School
  18. 18. nocenyeliz. My Family
  19. 19. Tlazocamati: Thanks
  20. 20. Tlazohtla: Love</li></ul>Cíhuatl: Woman<br />Calpolli: Tribe<br />Cihtli: Grand-mother<br />Cihuapillahtocatzintli: Queen<br />Cihuapilli: Mrs.<br />Cocoxqui: Sick<br />Colli: Grand-father<br />Conetl: child<br />Coni: drink<br />quintepan: Later<br />Tlamachtilli: Student<br />
  21. 21. SPANISH CONQUEST<br />In 1525, Pedro de Alvarado succeeded in bringing the district under control of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, which retained its authority until 1821. <br />
  22. 22. INDEPENDENCE<br />The first "shout of independence" in El Salvador came in 1811, at the hands of criollo elite. <br />In 1821, El Salvador and the other Central American provinces declared their independence from Spain. <br />
  23. 23. INDEPENDENCE<br />When these provinces were joined with Mexico in early 1822, El Salvador resisted, insisting on autonomy for the Central American countries.<br />In 1823, the United Provinces of Central America was formed of the five Central American states under Gen. Manuel José Arce.<br />
  24. 24. FROM INDIGO TO COFFEE<br />El Salvador's landed elite depended on production of a single export crop, indigo. <br />The landed elite replaced this crop with a newly demanded product, coffee.<br />
  25. 25. MILITARY DICTATORSHIPS<br />Between 1931 to 1944, during General Maximiliano Martinez there was brutal suppression of rural resistance. <br />By the year 1932, 30,000 indigenous people and political opponents were murdered, imprisoned or exiled.<br />
  26. 26. MILITARY DICTATORSHIPS<br />From the 1930s to the 1970s, authoritarian governments employed political repression.<br />The National Conciliation Party was in power from the early 1960s until 1979.<br />
  27. 27. SALVADORAN CIVIL WAR<br /> In 1979, both the extreme right and the extreme left now disagreed with the government and increased political violence quickly turned into a civil war.<br />The Chapultepec Peace Accords marked the end of the war in 1992 and FMLN became one of the major political parties.<br />
  28. 28. NOWADAYSTOURISTS ROUTESTYPICAL FOOD<br />
  29. 29. ARCHAEOLOGICAL ROUTE<br />Joya de Ceren<br />Namedby UNESCO as Patrimonyforhumanity in 1993.<br />
  30. 30. ARCHAEOLOGICAL ROUTE<br />San Andres<br />People used to work with indigo.<br />
  31. 31. ARCHAEOLOGICAL ROUTE<br />El Tazumal<br />It forms part of a great indigenous city who has not been completely discovered.<br />
  32. 32. DE LAS FLORES TRIAL<br />Coffee Forest<br />Apaneca allows the best harvest of high-altitude coffee in the country.<br />
  33. 33. DE LAS FLORES TRIAL<br />Chorros de la Calera<br />
  34. 34. DE LAS CUMBRES TRIAL<br />Jiquilisco Bay<br />The biggest mangle site and one of the most beautiful natural salt water locations.<br />
  35. 35. DE LAS CUMBRES TRIAL<br />Jiquilisco Bay<br />The biggest mangle site and one of the most beautiful natural salt water locations.<br />
  36. 36. DE LAS CUMBRES TRIAL<br />El Jocotal Lagoon<br />It lodges locally endangered fauna species, such as: the Crocodile, the Guaote Criollo, Green Iguana, and Royal Duck. <br />
  37. 37. TYPICAL FOOD<br />Pupusas<br />Thick corn tortillas stuffed with cheese, meat, squash, and/or other fillings.<br />
  38. 38. TYPICAL FOOD<br />Empanadas<br />flour pastries filled with meat, potatoes and/or cheese. In El Salvador, "empanadas" can also refer to a dessert: fried plantains stuffed with sweet cream.<br />
  39. 39. TYPICAL FOOD<br />Tamales<br />boiled pockets of corn dough, stuffed with meat or sweet corn and served in banana leaves.<br />
  40. 40. TYPICAL FOOD<br />Sopa de Patas<br />A popular soup made from corn, plantains, tripe and cow's feet.<br />
  41. 41. TYPICAL FOOD<br />Yuca Frita<br />Fried yucca, often served with chicharon (deep-friend pork cracklings)<br />

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