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Creating Technology-Based Environments for Learning


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Creating Technology-Based Environments for Learning

  1. 1. Or, What you ought to know before you get started Dr. S.W. Harmon 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>Computers... </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>50 Years of NSD </li></ul>Clark, R. (1983). Reconsidering research on learning from media. Review of Educational Research, 53 (4), 445-460.
  4. 5. <ul><li>Media have “Affordances” </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>&quot;This 'telephone' has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Western Union internal memo, 1876. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;Everything that can be invented has been invented.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Charles H. Duell, Commissioner, U.S. Office of Patents, 1899. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>&quot;Stocks have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Irving Fisher, Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1929 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>&quot;I have traveled the length and breadth of this country and talked with the best people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that won't last out the year.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--The editor in charge of business books for Prentice Hall, 1957 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;We don't like their sound, and guitar music is on the way out.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Decca Recording Co. rejecting the Beatles, 1962. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>&quot;But what is it good for?&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Engineer at the Advanced Computing Systems Division of IBM, 1968, commenting on the microchip. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>&quot;The concept is interesting and well-formed, but in order to earn better than a 'C,' the idea must be feasible.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--A Yale University management professor in response to Fred Smith's paper proposing reliable overnight delivery service. (Smith went on to found Federal Express Corp.) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>&quot;So we went to Atari and said, 'Hey, we've got this amazing thing, even built with some of your parts, and what do you think about funding us? Or we'll give it to you. We just want to do it. Pay our salary, we'll come work for you.' And they said, 'No.' So then we went to Hewlett-Packard, and they said, 'Hey, we don't need you. You haven't got through college yet.'&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--Apple Computer Inc. founder Steve Jobs on attempts to get Atari and HP interested in his and Steve Wozniak's personal computer. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. Technology <ul><li>Techne </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An Art or Skill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Logia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The systematic study of </li></ul></ul>From the Greek:
  12. 16. <ul><li>Technology is </li></ul>The organized application of Knowledge
  13. 17. What was the first Instructional Technology?
  14. 18. The Leaps We Have Experienced Communication Language Written Language/Symbols The Printing Press The Telephone Radio The Internet Computers
  15. 19. <ul><li>How is technology generally used in schools today? </li></ul><ul><li>How should it be used? (3Ts) </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean for teachers? </li></ul>