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  1. 1. Sentences(Phrasestructure)<br />Profa. Rosana Espírito Santo<br />
  2. 2. The word order in English is less flexible than it is in many languages.<br />English has lost its Germanic system of inflections.<br />Without recourse of this full range of inflections to mark subjects ( and objects of various kinds), English came to rely on a more fixed word order to distinguish subjects from objects. <br />Word order in English and other languages:<br />
  3. 3. The basic word order in an English sentence is <br />subject-verb-object ( S-V-O):<br />e.g.<br /> <br />Joe writes poetry.<br />S V O <br /> <br />Sentenceorder<br />
  4. 4. Kinds of sentences: DeclarativeSentences that make a statement.<br />
  5. 5. ExclamatorySentences that express opinions or feelings with force or strong emotion. <br />They are independent sentences that do not always have a subject and verb.<br />
  6. 6. ImperativeSentences that give orders ( commands) or make requests.<br />
  7. 7. InterrogativeSentences that ask questions.<br />
  8. 8. Declarative sentences usually end with a full stop ( in American English a full stop is called a period).<br />Exclamatory sentences end with an exclamation mark.<br />Sentence punctuation:<br />
  9. 9. Imperative sentences end with full stop or , sometimes, if the words show great force or emotion, then an exclamation mark can be used.<br />Interrogative sentences end with a question mark.<br />Sentencepunctuationtion:<br />