CLIMATES

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Climates for Primary

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CLIMATES

  1. 1. Weather and Climate The Climates in Spain
  2. 2. Weather and Climate Weather The condition of the atmosphere of a place during a short period of time. Climate The condition of the atmosphere over a longer period of time
  3. 3. Weather and Climate Factors Proximity to the equator Closer to it  warmer Altitude above sea level Lower places  warmer Influence of the sea Closer to it  warmer
  4. 4. Weather and Climate vocabulary
  5. 5. Weather and Climate Activities Pupil´s book pages 72 to 75 Answer to these questions: Why is the climate of Spain mild? Because of its situation next to the sea and not far from the equator What possible effect on the climate might some gases have? Some gases can make the planet warmer Wrong or right (if wrong write it correctly) Today, the climate is very bad Today the weather is very bad The Spanish weather is usually hot in summer The Spanish climate is ussually hot in summer
  6. 6. Weather and Climate Activities Pupil´s book page 75 - Answer to questions 1 – 2 - 3 In drawing 1, where are the Sun´s rays more perpendicular: point A or point B? At point B the rays are more perpendicular Which place has the warmer climate? Point B has the warmer climate. In drawing 2, if at th sea level the temperature is 28º, and at the top of the mountain is 10º, What is the heigh of the mountain? The mountain is 2.880 meters high, since the difference in temperture is 18º. (18 x 160 = 2.880). In drawing 3, Why has the village by the sea a milder climate than the city? Due to the influence of the sea and the mountains.
  7. 7. Weather and Climate Activities Activity book pages 54 – 55 (exercises 1 – 2 – 3 ) 1. What do you think the phrase “climate change” means? The change in the Earth´s climate because of global warming, caused by human activity. 2 .Order Santander-Caracas-Reykjavik Reykjavik – Santander - Caracas 3. Temperatures on the points marked. Temperature at D is 24º A – 20.5º B – 22.5º C – 23.5º
  8. 8. Weather and Climate Climates in Spain Atlantic climate Continental climate Mediterranean climate Continental-Mediterranean climate Mountain climate Subtropical climate
  9. 9. Weather and Climate Climates in Spain Geographical distribution Atlantic climate Asturias, Cantabria, Basque Country, Galicia Continental climate – Interior of Spain Mediterranean climate – Mediterranean Coast (East), Baleares, Ceuta, Melilla Continental-Mediterranean climate – South of the Peninsula, Guadalquivir valley Mountain climate – High Mountain ranges Subtropical climate – Canary Islands
  10. 10. Weather and Climate Climates in Spain Characteristics Depending on the geographical situation and the three factors that influence in the climate we can see the differences in: Temperatures Precipitations Vegetation
  11. 11. Climates in Spain Climate Temperatures Precipitations Vegetation Atlantic Mild all year, cooler in winter than in summer Abundant rain all year Meadows , woods with chestnuts and oaks Continental Very hot summer, very cold winter. Big influence of the mountains surrounding the Meseta. Not much rain, concentrate in spring and autumn A few trees. Holm oak and pine. Mediterranean Summer-Autumn hot, Winter-spring mild Mostly in Auntumn. Can be heavy. A few trees. Holm oak, cork oak, pine. Also bushes. ContinentalMediterranean Winter less cold than continental but summer is hotter. Little rain but more than in contienntal. Holm oaks, cork oaks and a lot of olive trees. Mountain Very cold winter, mild summer A lot of rain. In winter, snow Little vegetation. In lower areas pines. Subtropical Warm and mild all year. Not big seasons difference. Not much rain, more in the north than in the south. Own vegetation: dragon tree, canary pine, laurel.
  12. 12. Weather and Climate - Climates in Spain Activities Pupil´s book pages 76 - 77 Answer to these questions: Which is the rainest climate? Atlantic climate In which climate might torrential rains occur in autumn? Mediterranean climate Which climate has the coldest winter? Mountain climate
  13. 13. Weather and Climate - Climates in Spain Activities Activity book pages 56 – 57 1 . Name and characteristis of the Climates Green – Atlantic - Mild all year, cooler in winter than in summer - Abundant rain all year Red – Mountain - Very cold winter, mild summer - A lot of rain. In winter, snow Yellow - Very hot summer, very cold winter. Big influence of the mountains surrounding the Meseta - Not much rain, concentrate in spring and autumn Pink – Subtropical - Warm and mild all year. Not big seasons difference - Not much rain, more in the north than in the south. Purple – Continental-Mediterranean - Winter less cold than continental but summer is hotter - Little rain but more than in contienntal Orange – Mediterranean - Summer-Autumn hot, Winter-spring mild - Mostly in Auntumn. Can be heavy.
  14. 14. Weather and Climate - Climates in Spain Activities Activity book pages 56 – 57 2 . Complete the paragraph It is a continental climate. It has extreme temperatures, because It rains very little. Winters are very cold. It snows very little. In summer, the temperatures are very hot.
  15. 15. 1 Name the three factors that affect the climate Altitude above sea level. Proximity to the equator. Proximity to the sea. 2 Choose the right option The closer a place is to the EQUATOR / HORIZON, the WARMER / COLDER its climate. This occurs because in OCEANIC / TROPICAL areas the rays of the sun strike the earth HORIZONTALLY / PERPENDICULARY and warm the earth more. The closer a place is to the EQUATOR , the WARMER its climate. This occurs because in TROPICAL areas the rays of the sun strike the earth PERPENDICULARY and warm the earth more. The higher a location´s LATITUDE / ALTITUDE above the level of the SEA / EQUATOR, the WARMER / COLDER its climate will be. In general, the temperature DECREASES / INCREASES one degree for every 160 metre increase in altitude. Therefore, the climate in mountainous regions is WARMER / COLDER than the climate in lower areas. The higher a location´s ALTITUDE above the level of the SEA , the COLDER its climate will be. In general, the temperature DECREASES one degree for every 160 metre increase in altitude. Therefore, the climate in mountainous regions is COLDER than the climate in lower areas. The closer an area is to the sea,, the MILDER / COLDER the climate. This occurs because it takes the sea MORE TIME / LESS TIME than the earth to warm up or cool down, so that in summer, the winds blow WARM / COOL breezes from the sea to the land, while in the winter the winds are COOL / WARM. The closer an area is to the sea,, the MILDER the climate. This occurs because it takes the sea MORE TIME than the earth to warm up or cool down, so that in summer, the winds blow COOL breezes from the sea to the land, while in the winter the winds are WARM.

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