Mei 4 pp presentacion

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This presentation is an overview of an article published in the English Teaching Forum magazine, volume 43,number 3,2005

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Mei 4 pp presentacion

  1. 1. FROM PASSIVE PARTICIPANT TO ACTIVE THINKER A LEARNER-CENTERED APPROACH TO MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT By Nguyen Thi Cam Le PRESENTED BY CARLOS ARAYA February 2011
  2. 2. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>INTRODUCTION: </li></ul><ul><li>The following presentation summarizes the main ideas from the article stated above, published in the English Teaching Forum Magazine, volume 43, number 3, 2005 as a requisite of MEI-4 Teaching English as a Foreign Language course at ULatina. </li></ul>
  3. 3. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>Role of students: </li></ul><ul><li>In most countries students have a passive role in the EFL class. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers say Ss lack critical skills to express their points of view. </li></ul><ul><li>SS view teachers as the embodiment of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers’ control over SS hinders their free communication. </li></ul><ul><li>SS passive role is more likely a result of their educational context. </li></ul>
  4. 4. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>STRATEGIES EFL TEACHERS CAN ADOPT TO INCREASE SS’s PARTICIPATION AND CRITICAL THINKING: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Taking a thoughtful approach to Materials Development. </li></ul>
  5. 5. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>A . Select materials related to culture and experience of EFL students. </li></ul><ul><li>B . Choose meaningful materials: This encourages students to show interest. Consequently they are more participatory. </li></ul><ul><li>C Keep a balance between foreign and local cultural concepts and images. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Explain cultural differences: This activates SS’s curiosity and invites them to ask questions. </li></ul>
  6. 6. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>How to localize materials ? </li></ul><ul><li>A . Nationally produced materials. </li></ul><ul><li>B . Select those that focus on the cultures of English-speaking countries. </li></ul><ul><li>C . Adapt ESL materials that can lead to further activities according to SS’s needs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>HUMANIZE MATERIALS: </li></ul><ul><li>A . Take into account SS’s feelings, emotions and social experience as integral to the educational process. </li></ul><ul><li>B . Make language learning an affective experience. </li></ul>
  8. 8. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>Employ / Promote Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Critical thinking occurs when SS question their own beliefs or what they are told (Marshall & Rowland, 1998). </li></ul><ul><li>It is the ability to distinguish between facts and opinions, judgements and inferences, objective and subjective impressions. </li></ul>
  9. 9. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>TECHNIQUES TO PROMOTE CRITICAL THINKING: </li></ul><ul><li>1 . Ask Ss WH-questions. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Elicit meaningful S reactions to texts. </li></ul><ul><li>3 . Construct activities to help Ss distinguish facts from opinions, supported opinions vrs. unsupported ones. </li></ul><ul><li>4 . Use 2 or more texts with different views on the same matter. </li></ul><ul><li>5 . Be sentitive to controversial issues. </li></ul>
  10. 10. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>Develop learner autonomy : </li></ul><ul><li>Learning autonomy: “Ability to take charge of one’s own </li></ul><ul><li>learning.” </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage Ss to be self-motivated, to continue learning outide the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest extra curricular activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Train Ss to take charge of every stage of their own learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Give Ss a chance to bring to class texts, stories, topics,etc, that interest them. </li></ul>
  11. 11. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>“ A motivated student would have a greater interest in what was to be learnt and thus be more ready and able to take on responsibilities in the language learning process.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Humphreys & Chan 2002) </li></ul>
  12. 12. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le <ul><li>CONCLUSION: </li></ul><ul><li>Ss do not actively participate in the EFL class for a variety of reasons, including cultural disposition and a country’s educational context. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers face great challenges to counteract passive learning and make Ss more thoughtful and engaged. A learner-centered approach to developing materials is recommended in this article as one way to overcome the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials development offers both Ts and Ss the opportunity to make learning English more purposeful and productive. It requires effort on the teacher when selecting and adapting materials to create a classroom environment that supports interaction and critical thinking. </li></ul>
  13. 13. From Passive Participant to Active Thinker A Learner-Centered Approach to Materials Development By Nguyen Thi Cam Le

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