Motivation in the classroom

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Types of motivation

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Motivation in the classroom

  1. 1. Learning Outcomes: 1. Definition of Motivation 2. Identify the types of motivation 3. Describes differences between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation 4. Explain Staregies that can contribute to students´motivation
  2. 2. The word motivation refers to getting someone moving.When we motivate ourselves or someone else, we develop incentives or we set up conditions that start or stop behaviour. In education, motivation deals with the problem of setting up conditions so that learners will perform to the best of their abilities in academic settings.We often motivate learners by helping them develop an expectancy that a benefit will occur as a result of their participation in an instructional experience
  3. 3.  “The concept of motivation is linked closely to other constructs in education and psychology such as constructs of attention, needs, goals and interests which are all contribute to stimulating students’ interest in learning and their intention to engage in particular activities and achieve various goals.” (Krause, K.L, Bochner, S, & Duchesne, S., 2003).
  4. 4.  “The definition of motivation is the force that energizes and directs a behavior towards a goal.” (Baron, 1992 and Schunk, 1990)  “The concept of motivation as applied when a person is energized to satisfy some need or desire. The person will engage in, or be attracted toward activities that are perceived as having the potential to meet this need or desire.”  (Tan O.S., Parsons, R.D., Hinson, S.L, & Brown, D.S, 2003)
  5. 5.  Writers and Educator, such as:  MARIA MONTESORI  RUDOLF STINER  RUDOLF STCINER  PAOLO FREIRE  CARL ROGER PROVIDED MODELS OF INTRINSICALLY MOTIVATED EDUCATION Most countries Curriculum is focused in extrinsically motivated models,. Because it motivates students to compite instead of learn by themselves
  6. 6.  Motivation is concerned with the factors that stimulate or inhibit the desire to engage in behaviour.  DOYOUTHINKTHAT EXTRINSIC MOTIVATIONAFFECTS INTRINSIC MOTIVATION?
  7. 7.  Intrinsic motivation refers to rewards provided by an activity itself.  Motivation is concerned with the factors that stimulate or inhibit the desire to engage in behaviour. Motivation is concerned with the factors that stimulate or inhibit the desire to engage in behaviour.This motivation arises from the use of external rewards or bribes such as food, praise, free time, money or points toward an activity.  These incentives are all external, in that they are separate from the individual and the task.  Example, a child may do chores not because he enjoys them but because doing so earns an allowance and students who are extrinsically motivated may study hard for a test in order to obtain a good grade in the course.  Intrinsic motivation arises from internal factors.
  8. 8.  Extrinsic rewards for students are tangible rewards given by teachers to students to motivate them and reinforce performance and behavior.They are extrinsic because they come from outside the student rather than inside.
  9. 9.  In ideal classroom, students pay attention, ask questions and want to learn.They do their assignments without complaint and study without being coaxed and cajoled.  But, teachers often have students who don’t seem motivated to work on the classroom tasks set out for them.
  10. 10. Teachers use extrinsic motivation to stimulate learning or encourage students to perform in a particular way. It is one of the most powerful motivations. It is operative when an individual is motivated by an outcome that is external or somehow related to the activity in which she or he is engaged.
  11. 11.  “Extrinsic motivation refers to rewards that are obtained not from the activity,  but as a consequence of the activity.”  (Morris & Maisto, 2002)
  12. 12.  This motivation arises from the use of external rewards or bribes such as food, praise, free time, money or points toward an activity.These incentives are all external, in that they are separate from the individual and the task.
  13. 13.  According to Carol Ames (1990, 1992), there are six areas that can influence students’ motivation to learn. 1.The task that students are asked to do. 2.The autonomy students are allowed in working. 3. How students are recognized for their accomplishments.
  14. 14.  4. Grouping practices.  5. Evaluation procedures.  6. Scheduling of time in the classroom.
  15. 15.  Photocopy the material get your own conclutions and share with your peers.  Summarize the class in your notebook. 

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