Free Software In The State


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A manifest to expand the colective awareness on the use of Free Software in the State and the Public Administrations

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Free Software In The State

  1. 1. Free Software in the State Awareness for Free Software usage in the State Because public information is our digital heritage We must make sure that it remains well Mgter. Carlos Brys Computer Science Department Faculty of Economics Sciences Universidad Nacional de Misiones Argentina
  2. 2. Table of Contents The State Paradigms Computer Paradigms Technological Dependence Free Software Reasons for the State to adopt the Free Software 2
  3. 3. The State What is the State ? The State is a set of individuals who join together to satisfy their needs. It is a community of mutual assistance, in which men are complemented to satisfy their needs. Plato 427 b.C. - 327 b.C The state is the set of institutions who possesses the authority and power to establish rules, govern a society, having internal and external sovereignty on a given territory. 3
  4. 4. Let's talk about Paradigms What is a Paradigm? Some definitions:  It's a model to follow  Accepted Facts  Beliefs  Values  Game's Rules  Vision of Reality 4
  5. 5. Paradigms quot;The way we see things is the source of how we think and the way we act ... These assumptions give rise to our attitudes and our behavior ... and our relations with others”. Stephen Covey The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People 5
  6. 6. Paradigms The paradigm serves as a physiological filter, as a colour filter before our eyes that allows us to see the reality, but in the colour that we choose The rules of the new paradigm are completely invisible for those which still are subscribing to the old paradigm 6
  7. 7. Paradigms A paradigm explains the world where we live and can predict its behaviour 7
  8. 8. Paradigms “When in the middle of a paradigm, it is difficult to imagine any other” Adam Smith (Powers of the Mind) “It's easier to disintegrate an atom than a prejudice” Albert Einstein The circus elephants are held only with a stick in the ground. While the elephant may go when he like, it does not, because when was small he has quot;learntquot; the paradigm that while the stick is on the ground, he can't left The Chained Elephant 8
  9. 9. Paradigms Paradigm Blindness and Paralysis Joel Barker An example: Who invented the quartz watch? Those Swiss! (but is manufactured in Japan) Common expressions of blindness paradigm: “Things aren't made this way” “It wont work” “That's impossible” “If you have my years of experience, you would know that you are wrong” “We always made it this way. We're not going to change now!” “I do not want!” 9
  10. 10. Computer Paradigms Today, the collective awareness thinks that ... Those who do not have computer skills, will be illiterate in XXI Century Computers are very important, let's teach computing in schools and universities Computer skills are … know how to use Windows, Word, Excel, Power Point, also … Internet and email Migrate to Free Software requires so much effort and money. It is preferable to continue using privative software If companies give us computer labs, we can't be so fool not to accept, for the sake of education 10
  11. 11. Computer Paradigms However ... Unrestricted access to knowledge will reduce the digital divide and empower the Information Society Computer science is very important, let's teach computer science in schools and universities Let's begin to teach to use softwarequot;toolsquot; for information management, instead of teach using “brandsquot; of commercial products Free Software is more cost effective and productive. In the end, the benefits of using it will always be greater Privative products that we teach to use our students are not free, and then can hardly acquire this products to study with them 11
  12. 12. Technological Dependence If the institution uses a computer application and is not free to contract with respect to additions and corrections of the system, there is a technological dependece in which the supplier is able to dictate terms unilaterally, terms and prices. A particularly insidious way of this technology dependence is through the way they are stored data. If the program uses a open storage format, then you can be sure that in the future may continue decoding the information. If, by contrast, if the data is stored in a secret format the user is trapped in a particular supplier, the only it can offer some guarantee of access. 12
  13. 13. Technological Dependence For as regards to Information Technologies the State is a sovereign and independent We need: That the Software used may be Free That Standards used must be Open 13
  14. 14. What is Free Software? Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. More precisely, it refers to four kinds of freedom, for the users of the software: A program is free software if you have all of these freedoms: The freedom to run the program, for any purpose The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits Definition of Free Software: 14
  15. 15. Free Software in the State Benefits of using Free Software in the State Technological independence Compatibility Interoperability Long-term universal access Preservation of Digital Heritage Equality and non-discrimination Freedom of choice Information Security Opportunity for local growth and development 15
  16. 16. Free Software in the State “The global waste in using proprietary software is more than $1 trillion annually” Michael Tiemann VP of RedHat and head of the Open Source Initiative 16
  17. 17. Free Software in the State Let's do some counts.... A privative A privative Operating System Office Suite costs costs US$ 70 to US$ 200 US$ 95 to US$ 170 The license cost * to use an Operating System more an Office Suite is US$ 165 to US$ 370 per each computer * Users pays for a license to quot;usequot; the software Users not acquire ownership of the product 17
  18. 18. Free Software in the State In the majority of National Constitutions, inescapable State obligations are: Ensuring the welfare of the people Protect Health Promote Education Provide Security Then, How the spending of State in licensing of privative software on its obligations to the people impacts them? 18
  19. 19. Free Software in the State If a State spends US$ 165 to US$ 370 of public money on privative software licenses, for a single computer .... Will stop buying 60 to 130 reading books And from 600 to 1300 children will lose the opportunity to learn to read 19
  20. 20. Free Software in the State If a State spends US$ 165 to US$ 370 of public money on privative software licenses, for a single computer .... Will stop buying 44 to 88 gallons of fuel And they no longer make 1030 to 2310 Miles of urban patrolling 20
  21. 21. Free Software in the State If a State spends US$ 165 to US$ 370 of public money on privative software licenses, for a single computer .... Will stop buying 415 to 925 doses of meningitis vaccine And from 415 to 925 children will lose the opportunity to be immunized 21
  22. 22. Free Software in the State If a State spends US$ 165 to US$ 370 of public money on privative software licenses, for a single computer .... Will stop buying 156 to 350 gallons of milk And they lose the opportunity to provide 2,950 to 6,000 portions 22
  23. 23. Free Software in the State In the current paradigm ... The spend of public money on licenses of privative software, when there are free alternatives, can be channeled toward to most urgent population needs Condone or encourage illegal copying and use of software that is protected by copyrights law is a crime 23
  24. 24. Free Software in the State Governments that already moving in the adoption of Free Software philosophy Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, England, France, Finland, Germany, India, Italy, Norway, Nigeria, Perú, República Dominicana, Russia, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Venezuela ... Even the U.N. recommended to use Free Software to member countries 24
  25. 25. Awareness for using Free Software in the State There is a New Paradigm possible: is Free is Open is Legal is Socially Acceptable is Politically Correct 25
  26. 26. For the Awareness of using Free Software in the State You are free: To share, copy, distribute and transmit the work, remix, adapt the work, and make derivates Under the following conditions: Attribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). Noncommercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes.