2. Anxiety Disorders
Over 19 million Americans suffer from
Anxiety Disorders occur when the
Chronically reaches overwhelming levels
Reduces or eliminates productivity
Significantly interferes with an individual’s quality of
3. The five main Anxiety
Social Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
4. Panic Disorder
Presence of recurrent, unexpected panic attacks.
Followed by persistent concern about having another
attack (anticipatory anxiety).
A panic attack is a period of intense fear.
Symptoms of a panic attack include:
Palpitations, pounding heart, chest pain
Sweating, chills or hot flushes
Trembling or shaking
Sensations of shortness of breath, choking
Feeling dizzy, lightheaded, faint
Fear of losing control, dying, going crazy
5. Social Anxiety Disorder
Marked and persistent fear of social or
performance situations where embarrassment
Social situations provoke an immediate anxiety
The individual recognizes that the fear is
The situations are avoided or endured with
The distress, avoidance, anticipation interferes
with the individual’s normal functioning.
6. Generalized Anxiety
Excessive worry about a variety of events and activities.
Difficulty controlling the worry.
Physical symptoms of:
The anxiety, worry and physical symptoms cause the
individual marked distress and interferes with normal
7. Obsessive Compulsive
Recurrent, persistent, intrusive thoughts, impulses or
Resisting the obsession means that the anxiety
Compulsive behaviors serve to decrease the anxiety
associated with the obsession
Compulsive (repetitive) behaviors and/or mental acts:
CountingIndividual recognizes that the obsessions and
compulsions are unreasonable.
It is easier to give in to the intrusive thoughts or execute
the compulsive behaviors than tolerate the anxiety.
8. Post Traumatic Stress
Individual is exposed to a traumatic event (witnessed or
experienced) that involved actual or threatened serious
injury or death.
The experience produced intense fear and helplessness.
Later, the individual may experience:
Recurrent intrusive recollections of the event
Feelings of detachment
Sleep problems and other somatic symptoms
Hypervigilance (heightened awareness, easily
10. Children’s Response to
Oklahoma City Bombing
69 elementary school children surveyed 2
years after Oklahoma City Bombing.
The children lived 100 miles away and
knew no one who was killed or injured.
11. Children’s Response to
Oklahoma City Bombing
Almost 50% exhibited moderate post-
traumatic stress symptoms.
44% of the kids had symptoms of Post-
Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Disturbing finding: 44% of the kids
developed PTSD after exposure to
12. Caregiver, Heal Thyself
When an adult is emotionally unstable, or
has not worked-through their emotions,
risks losing their CONNECTION with their
Often, adults focus on their kids, while
ignoring their own emotional needs during
Kids can sense anxiety in adults, and may
feel they are a burden to adults.
13. Common Reactions Of Kids to
Feelings of anxiety, anger, and sadness
Thinking the event is their fault (younger
than 7 or 8 years)
14. Helping Kids Cope
A strong CONNECTION with your kids is
the most important factor.
Foster CONNECTION with other adults:
extended family, neighbors, teachers,
15. Helping Kids Cope
Adults can talk about their own emotions
Allow kids to express their feelings.
If talking is difficult, then do ‘action talk.’
Help kids take action to decrease their
sense of helplessness.
16. When To Seek Further Help
Recurring nightmares and persistently
Pervasively declining school performance
Over 19 million Americans suffer from Depressive
Depression is more than a temporary “blue” mood or
periods of grief after a loss
Symptoms of depression:
Loss of interest or pleasure
Feeling overwhelmingly sad
Change in appetite, weight and sleep
Increase in fatigue
Decrease in energy
Feelings of worthlessness and guilt
18. Treatment for Anxiety
& Depressive Disorders
Anxiety and depressive disorders are treatable
medical illnesses that respond to:
A combination of Psychotherapy &
19. Treatment Works
The Surgeon General’s Report
on Mental Health states:
“The efficacy of mental health treatment is well
documented. Moreover, there exists a range of
treatments from which people may choose a
particular approach to suit their needs and
preferences. Based on this finding, the report’s
principal recommendation to the American people is
to seek help if you have a mental health problem or
think you have symptoms of mental illness.” (p. 13)
20. Drug Class Brand
Generic Name Target
How I t 's
Thought t o
Anticonvulsant s Neurontin Gabapentin Social
Azaspirones BuSpar Buspirone Generalized
Medications Effective for