Reading techniques skimming vs scanning


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Reading techniques skimming vs scanning

  1. 1. Reading Techniques  Average Reading  Skimming  Scanning
  2. 2. Average Reading  -do not skip material  -cover all of the material  -higher comprehension (understanding)  -50% considered good  -slower
  3. 3. Skimming VS Scanning Skimming  -fast reading  -get main idea not all details.  -must leave out parts  -may leave out ½ to ¾ paragraph once you have the main idea of the paragraph  -comprehension is lower, try to comprehend as much as you can while reading at an average speed  -comprehend 50% of what you are reading  -twice as fast  -usually done with material you know nothing about  *note as speed increases, comprehension decreases Scanning  -reading technique used when you want to locate a single fact or specific bit of information without reading every word  -eg scan TV lisitings in paper to find time of show  -phone directory when you want to see a show  -fast way to find info  -must be accurate in terms of finding a specific TV show or Phone #  -often done with material that you know something about  Eg) telephone directory you already know the name of the person. What else do you know?
  4. 4.  1) Read the first several paragraphs  -this will help you to identify the topic of the article, the subject, a little of the authors style, the authors viewpoint, and so on.  -leave nothing out, but read at your top speed.  -authors usually give an intro in the first few paragraphs, this helps get an overall picture of the article  2) Leave out Material  -Once you have a general overview of the article, you should begin to leave out material right away  -so by the 4th or 5th paragraph you may read only the key sentences to get the main idea and skip the rest of the paragraph  -let your eyes jump ahead, picking up one or two important words, phrases, or numbers TIPS For Skimming
  5. 5.  3) Find the Main Ideas  -Try to get the main idea of every paragraph plus a few facts  -you will not get all the facts but you may get some  -sometimes the main idea is not in the first sentence, sometimes it is in the middle or the end of the paragraph-this may take extra time to find  -some paragraphs may not have a main idea  -the final paragraphs often summarize the story or article so they may be worthwhile to read more fully  4) READ FAST  -The purpose is to get the author’s main idea at a very fast speed… don’t get too caught up in details TIPS For Skimming
  6. 6.  1) Note the arrangement of info  Alphabetical  Non Alphabetical  Prose-look at title, subtitle, illustrations, once know general organisation easier to understand  2) Keep clue words in mind  -when you find the section most likely to contain the info, you are ready to begin scanning  -eg telephone directory-clue word is last name  -looking for baseball scores clue word is baseball TIPS For Scanning
  7. 7.  3) Scan quickly  -purpose is to locate info quickly, a high rate of speed is essential  -with clue words in mind, try to scan as much of the printed matter as you can in the least amount of time  -don’t get distracted by unrelated words or info  -if you find yourself beginning to read words or paragraphs, stop reading and begin to move your eyes in a scanning pattern  -read more careful once you find the cue words   4) Make accuracy your goal  -Accuracy is just as important as speed  -need specific info  -once found info you need to check that you are correct  -high speed is only useful if you find the exact info you need.  -Goal 100% accuracy TIPS For Scanning
  8. 8. Students  Copy the 4 BOLDED tips for Skimming and Scanning into your notes  * Note to Self add source