OCAD U Research
Sponsored by Autodesk
Bruce Hinds, Carl
Hastrich, Ian Clarke
Thanks to all our open
minded students willing
to play!
After a while, the whole concept of a “national grid” for electricity
will seem to be as outdated as the concept of phones...
Occupants are generally treated
as passive participants within
an environment controlled by a
centralized automation syste...
User
Building
Context
An Investigation of Relationships
Natural Models for Inspiration
Image credit: USFW PacificImage credit: Carl Hastrich Image credit: v4vjk
Individual Colony...
Image credit: Carl Hastrich
Image credit: BaldBoris Image credit: Manitoba Asssociation of Architects
Barrel Cactus - Curr...
Fantastic pioneer species of
future cities. But to regenerate
our cities, buildings must
connect and contribute.
Image credit: v4vjk
Image credit: IDEO
Termite Colony - Active Participation
Image credit: Herman Miller
The structure fun...
The next step is for the
participation to extend to
physiological systems.
Image credit: USFW Pacific
Coral Reef - Community through Nutrient Flow
While nutrient poor, the
community is so diverse i...
Efficiency and regeneration
will occur through networking
resource flow.
Impact on Energy Efficiency in Ecology
energy used
by organisms
Increase in complexity
Patch Dynamics: Diversity increases Efficiency
Evolution of Buildings in a Regenerative City
Old Paradigm
Buildings as
Consumers
Buildings drawing (perceived)
abundant e...
Our Research Overview - Building Science Review
Building Centric
Efficiency is the quantitative measure
of achieving human...
OCAD U Research
Sponsored by Autodesk
Thank you,
Carl Hastrich - carl@hastrichdesign.com
Bruce Hinds - bhinds@ocadu.ca
Ian...
Urban Ecologies Information and Complexity
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Urban Ecologies Information and Complexity

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Over the past two years we have researched how biomimicry, at organism and ecosystem levels, can inform building science and the urban landscape. This presentation summarizes key findings that we see emerging of increased complexity, especially around nutrient and information exchange.

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Urban Ecologies Information and Complexity

  1. 1. OCAD U Research Sponsored by Autodesk Bruce Hinds, Carl Hastrich, Ian Clarke
  2. 2. Thanks to all our open minded students willing to play!
  3. 3. After a while, the whole concept of a “national grid” for electricity will seem to be as outdated as the concept of phones with wires... Any buildings with air conditioning will generate at least some of its own power from solar tiles on the roof, and gradually grid operators in most places will begin to announce 10-year phase- out plans, advising their customers of the last likely date reliable grid electricity will be available. By then, most people will be generating most of their own energy anyway, and the fading out... will be an inevitability. Your kids will see this. Vinay Gupta - printed in The Alpine Review; Scenarios
  4. 4. Occupants are generally treated as passive participants within an environment controlled by a centralized automation system. Attar, from Cole, Brown 2009 Image credit: Michael Lokner
  5. 5. User Building Context An Investigation of Relationships
  6. 6. Natural Models for Inspiration Image credit: USFW PacificImage credit: Carl Hastrich Image credit: v4vjk Individual Colony Community Increase in complexity
  7. 7. Image credit: Carl Hastrich Image credit: BaldBoris Image credit: Manitoba Asssociation of Architects Barrel Cactus - Current Goal of Sustainable Architecture Isolated and independant, reliant entirely on physiological strategies for survival. Swiss Re - London Manitoba Hydo Place - Manitoba
  8. 8. Fantastic pioneer species of future cities. But to regenerate our cities, buildings must connect and contribute.
  9. 9. Image credit: v4vjk Image credit: IDEO Termite Colony - Active Participation Image credit: Herman Miller The structure functions like lungs, acting as an extension of the organism’s physiology, an extended phenotype. Furniture layout is designed to facilitate organizational behaviour.
  10. 10. The next step is for the participation to extend to physiological systems.
  11. 11. Image credit: USFW Pacific Coral Reef - Community through Nutrient Flow While nutrient poor, the community is so diverse it is able to use energy efficiently which then supports the increase of diversity. It is an example of circular cause and effect.
  12. 12. Efficiency and regeneration will occur through networking resource flow.
  13. 13. Impact on Energy Efficiency in Ecology energy used by organisms Increase in complexity
  14. 14. Patch Dynamics: Diversity increases Efficiency
  15. 15. Evolution of Buildings in a Regenerative City Old Paradigm Buildings as Consumers Buildings drawing (perceived) abundant enegy Current Paradigm Buildings as Conservators Independant buildings drawing minimal resources Emerging Paradigm Buildings as Contributors Inter-dependant & connected buildings exchanging resources Single direction of flow, resources abundant. Single direction of flow, resources conserved. Multi- directional flow, resources generated. Increase in complexity
  16. 16. Our Research Overview - Building Science Review Building Centric Efficiency is the quantitative measure of achieving human needs - identified through predetermined standards. Technologically driven according to pre- defined standardized metrics (i.e. Ashrae) with a goal of static, consistent performance. Building: Pre-determined function. Occupant Centric Comfort is the qualitative human perception of their environment. A deeper understanding of user satisfaction, health and engagement is evolving building performance. Research suggests desire for personalized, individualized performance. Therefore metrics for building performance are tailored and are informed according to input from the user. Individual: Adaptive / Interactive services. Eco-Centric Distribution of resources within a system via diverse relationships. Dependant on deep understanding of occupant centric building performance and the value of an ecological/systems framework. Research suggests an evolving, interconnected framework. Emphasis on context and time, specifically the relationships between information. Community: Exchange of Resources in a network. Current trajectory of research Future trajectory of research
  17. 17. OCAD U Research Sponsored by Autodesk Thank you, Carl Hastrich - carl@hastrichdesign.com Bruce Hinds - bhinds@ocadu.ca Ian Clarke - iclarke@ocadu.ca

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