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Introducción al GIS (a través de qGIS)

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Sesión práctica realizada en la Escuela Técnica de Arquitectura de la Universidad San Jorge para introducir al GIS a través de un ejercicio guiado usando el software libre qGIS

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Introducción al GIS (a través de qGIS)

  1. 1. Introducción al GISIntroducción al GIS (A través de QGIS)(A través de QGIS) Ana Ruiz y Carlos CámaraAna Ruiz y Carlos Cámara
  2. 2. Introducción a QGIS 2 / 44 GIS
  3. 3. Introducción a QGIS 4 / 44 CAD vs. GIS ● Análisis espacial: herramienta técnica que permite trabajar con relaciones espaciales basadas en la localización de objetos o fenómenos geográficos a analizar, accediendo simultáneamente a la información temática. ● CAD: Operaciones gráficas, no espaciales. ● SIG: Herramienta que permite fácilmente procesar la información espacial y su representación a través de un modelo análogo, combinando técnicas gráficas y cuantitativas.
  4. 4. Introducción a QGIS 5 / 44 Ejemplos de aplicaciones GIS
  5. 5. Introducción a QGIS 6 / 44 Identificación de los diferentes barrios de una ciudad.
  6. 6. Introducción a QGIS 7 / 44 Identificación de los núcleos de población
  7. 7. Introducción a QGIS 8 / 44 Identificación de la concentración de población
  8. 8. Introducción a QGIS 9 / 44 Ocupación de suelo en un ámbito espacial urbanizado
  9. 9. Introducción a QGIS 10 / 44 Modelos digitales de superficie o del terreno
  10. 10. Introducción a QGIS 11 / 44 Determinación de ruta óptima. Generación de rutas para flota de vehículos.
  11. 11. Introducción a QGIS 12 / 44 Matriz de coste Origen-Destino
  12. 12. Introducción a QGIS 13 / 44 Determinación de áreas de influencia de una red de puntos de venta (geo-márketing).
  13. 13. Introducción a QGIS 15 / 44 QGIS
  14. 14. Introducción a QGIS 16 / 44 Acerca de QGIS Web oficial: http://qgis.org Creado en 2002, evolución rápida Utilizado por ● Administraciones ● Empresas ● Universidades / instituciones ● Individuos / Investigadores Ver Casos de estudio Características ● Código Abierto – Comunidad – Empresas ● Multi-plataforma – Windows – MAC – Linux – Android ● Muchos plugins ● Documentación disponible – http://qgis.org/es/docs/index.html – http://www.qgistutorials.com ● Formatos abiertos ● Gratuito
  15. 15. Introducción a QGIS 17 / 44 Interfaz
  16. 16. Introducción a QGIS 18 / 44 Plugins ● Añaden funcionalidades nuevas ● Desarrollados por la comunidad ● Centralizados en un repositorio ● Escritos en Python ● Gestión desde interfaz – Instalación – Desinstalación – Actualización automática ● Gratuitos
  17. 17. Introducción a QGIS 19 / 44 Ejercicio ● Activa (almenos) los plugins siguientes: – OpenLayers – QuickOSM – CADTools ● Investiga para qué pueden servir
  18. 18. Introducción a QGIS 20 / 44 Datos
  19. 19. Introducción a QGIS 22 / 44 Datos: Añadir datos Vectoriales Orígen de los datos: ● Archivos – ESRI shape – GeoJSON – GeoRSS – DXF – DGN – … ● Directorio ● Base de datos
  20. 20. Introducción a QGIS 23 / 44 Añadir datos raster Orígen de los datos ● Imagen Geoposicionada (TIFF) ● Plugin – OpenLayers ● WMS
  21. 21. Introducción a QGIS 24 / 44 Añadir Web Map Service (WMS)
  22. 22. Introducción a QGIS 25 / 44 Ejercicio: añade un WMS ● Añade un WMS de: – Infraestructura de datos Espaciales de Aragón http://sitar.aragon.es/wms.jsp – http://centrodedescargas.cnig.es
  23. 23. Introducción a QGIS 26 / 44 Añadir texto delimitado ● Archivos de texto – Separados por comas (CSV) – Separados por tabuladores – Separados por ; ● Pueden tener geometría o no – Par de campos Latitud y Longitud – WKT (Well Known Text) ● Ojo con la codificación
  24. 24. Introducción a QGIS 27 / 44 Ejercicio: Añadir datos de Zaragoza ● Añadir datos del Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza – Crear una capa vectorial a partir de los barrios de Zaragoza – Crear capa de texto a partir de los datos de población por barrio ● Mostrar mapa de Zaragoza como base
  25. 25. Introducción a QGIS 28 / 44 Capas ● Tipos de capas – Vectorial ● Puntos ● Línea ● Polígonos – Raster – Texto ● Gestión – Ordenar capas – Crear grupos ● Ver número de elementos
  26. 26. Introducción a QGIS 29 / 44 Capas: Propiedades
  27. 27. Introducción a QGIS 30 / 44 Ver datos de una capa
  28. 28. Introducción a QGIS 31 / 44 Crear datos ● Gráficamente ● Formularios ● Navegador (drag & drop)
  29. 29. Introducción a QGIS 32 / 44 Procesado
  30. 30. Introducción a QGIS 33 / 44 Relaciones (Joints)
  31. 31. Introducción a QGIS 34 / 44 Cálculos
  32. 32. Introducción a QGIS 35 / 44 Ejercicio ● Relaciona la capa de juntas de Zaragoza con la de población por juntas ● Añade dos campos calculados nuevos a la capa de juntas de Zaragoza – Área de la junta – Densidad de población
  33. 33. Introducción a QGIS 36 / 44 Consultas espaciales ● Ejemplos posibles – Mostrar comercios de un barrio – ● Tutorial: http://www.qgistutorials.com/en/docs/perfor ming_spatial_queries.html
  34. 34. Introducción a QGIS 37 / 44 Heatmap
  35. 35. Introducción a QGIS 38 / 44 Más
  36. 36. Introducción a QGIS 39 / 44 Visualización ● En QGIS ● En papel ● En Internet
  37. 37. Introducción a QGIS 40 / 44 Simbología - Simple
  38. 38. Introducción a QGIS 41 / 44 Simbología - Categorizada
  39. 39. Introducción a QGIS 42 / 44 Simbología ● Personalizar estilos – Iconos – Combinación de tramas y líneas ● Mostrar/ocultar según escala
  40. 40. Introducción a QGIS 43 / 44 Etiquetas
  41. 41. Introducción a QGIS 44 / 44 Map composer
  42. 42. Introducción a QGIS 45 / 44 QGIS Cloud
  43. 43. Introducción a QGIS 46 / 44 Más
  44. 44. Introducción a QGIS 47 / 44 Más ● Publicar mapas en Internet ● Interacción con servicios de terceros – OpenStreetMap – Carto DB – Mapbox ● Processing ● Extensión a través de plugins ●

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