Present and Past unreal  Conditionals
1)  Present unreal conditionals Are used to talk about  conditions that are not true in the present  and  about the imagin...
Present unreal conditionals have a  past form  of the verb in the  if  clause and  would/could/might + base form in the  r...
Were  is used for all persons of  be  in the  if  clause. (I, you, she, he, we, they  were ) If I  were  the teacher, I’d ...
The  if clause  expresses a condition that is  not true  at the present time. The condition might be highly unlikely or im...
The  result clause  tells what would happen if this  untrue condition  were true.  It expresses the imagined result of an ...
If I were a cat, I would sleep all day. If I had time, I would study another language. If I had a lot of money, ….. If I w...
2)  Past unreal conditionals Are used to talk about  conditions that were not true in the past  and  They express the imag...
Past unreal conditionals  have a  past perfect form  of verb in the  If clause  and would/could/might + have + past partic...
The  if clause  of the past unreal conditional expresses a condition that was not true in the past. The  result clause  te...
Present unreal If I  were  you, I  would watch  the weather forecast.
Past unreal If I  had studied , I  would have  passed the test.
In  present unreal conditionals , the condition and result are sometimes highly unlikely but possible. In  past conditiona...
If you  were coming  tonight, we  could go  to a movie (highly unlikely, but possible) If  you had come  last night, we  c...
Other forms of conditionals “ mixed conditionals ” conditions in one time can relate to results in another time If I  had ...
Hope is about what is possible (like factual and future conditionals) I hope I can come to the picnic .
Wish Wish is about what is not likely or not possible. Wish about the present : wish + past form of verb or would or could...
Thank you!
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Conditionals

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Conditionals

  1. 1. Present and Past unreal Conditionals
  2. 2. 1) Present unreal conditionals Are used to talk about conditions that are not true in the present and about the imagined results of these conditions.
  3. 3. Present unreal conditionals have a past form of the verb in the if clause and would/could/might + base form in the result clause. If we had a car, we would drive to the mall.
  4. 4. Were is used for all persons of be in the if clause. (I, you, she, he, we, they were ) If I were the teacher, I’d give a lot less homework.
  5. 5. The if clause expresses a condition that is not true at the present time. The condition might be highly unlikely or impossible.
  6. 6. The result clause tells what would happen if this untrue condition were true. It expresses the imagined result of an imagined condition.
  7. 7. If I were a cat, I would sleep all day. If I had time, I would study another language. If I had a lot of money, ….. If I were you, I wouldn’t worry.
  8. 8. 2) Past unreal conditionals Are used to talk about conditions that were not true in the past and They express the imagined result of an imagined condition in the past
  9. 9. Past unreal conditionals have a past perfect form of verb in the If clause and would/could/might + have + past participle of the verb in the result clause
  10. 10. The if clause of the past unreal conditional expresses a condition that was not true in the past. The result clause tells what would have happened if the untrue condition had been true.
  11. 11. Present unreal If I were you, I would watch the weather forecast.
  12. 12. Past unreal If I had studied , I would have passed the test.
  13. 13. In present unreal conditionals , the condition and result are sometimes highly unlikely but possible. In past conditionals , the condition and therefore the result is never possible
  14. 14. If you were coming tonight, we could go to a movie (highly unlikely, but possible) If you had come last night, we could have gone to a movie. (impossible; you didn’t come last night.)
  15. 15. Other forms of conditionals “ mixed conditionals ” conditions in one time can relate to results in another time If I had studied something practical, I could be making more money now.
  16. 16. Hope is about what is possible (like factual and future conditionals) I hope I can come to the picnic .
  17. 17. Wish Wish is about what is not likely or not possible. Wish about the present : wish + past form of verb or would or could + base form He wishes he had more money. W ish about the past : wish + past perfect We wish you had been here.
  18. 18. Thank you!

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