Theology 1


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Theology 1

  1. 1. PRAYER BEFORE STUDY St. Thomas Aquinas <ul><li>Lord, true source of light and wisdom, give me a keen sense of understanding, a retentive memory and a capacity to grasp things correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant me the grace to be accurate in my expositions and the skill to express myself with thoroughness and clarity. </li></ul><ul><li>Be with me at the start of my work, guide its progress and bring it to completion. Grant this through Christ, our Lord. Amen. </li></ul>
  2. 2. COURSE OUTLINE <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>A. Meaning and Understanding of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>B. Jesus and the Church: The Church Institution </li></ul><ul><li>C. Holy Spirit and the Church: The Principle of Life in the Church </li></ul><ul><li>D. The Scriptural Foundation of the Church </li></ul>
  3. 3. Unit I: CHURCH AS A MYSTERY <ul><li>PART I : OUR CHURCH – </li></ul><ul><li>The Community of Disciples </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter I: Church as a Sign and Sacrament </li></ul>
  4. 4. Unit I: CHURCH AS A MYSTERY <ul><li>Chapter II : Images of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Church as the Kingdom of God </li></ul><ul><li>Church as People of God </li></ul><ul><li>C. Church as the Mystical Body of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>D. Church of the Poor </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Unit II: THE CHURCH IN TIME </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter I: Apostolic Church </li></ul><ul><li> Early Christian Community </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter II: Medieval Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Division and Development Within </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Church as a Perfect Society </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Unit II: THE CHURCH IN TIME </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter III: Contemporary Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council of Trent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vatican Council II </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Unit III : THE INSTITUTIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>DIMENSION </li></ul><ul><li> OF THE CHURCH </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter I : Essential Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>of the Church </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apostolic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Chapter III: Mission of the Church </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prophetic Mission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kingly Mission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Priestly Mission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Chapter IV: Ministry in the Church </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Major Sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catechism for Filipino Catholics (CFC 23) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austin Flannery, O.P., Vatican Council II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Plenary Council of the Philippines (PCP II) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dennis Doyle, Communion Ecclesiology , 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dennis Doyle, The Church Emerging from Vatican II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bruno Forte, The Church: Icon of the Trinity , 1990 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avery Dulles, S.J., Models of the Church , 1988 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walter Kasper, Theology and Church , 1992 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. PART II : THE SACRAMENTS – Celebration of Life <ul><li>Sacrament and Sacramentals </li></ul><ul><li>B. Sacraments – Signs of Christ’s Presence </li></ul><ul><li>C. Sacraments in Time </li></ul>
  11. 11. Unit I: CHRISTIAN INITIATION <ul><li>Chapter I: BAPTISM: Birth in Jesus Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter II: CONFIRMATION: Growth in Jesus Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter III: HOLY EUCHARIST: The Real </li></ul><ul><li> Presence of Jesus Christ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Unit II: HEALING IN JESUS CHRIST <ul><li>Chapter I: PENANCE: A Call to Conversion </li></ul><ul><li> and Reconciliation </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter II: ANOINTING OF THE SICK: </li></ul><ul><li> Hope and Spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort </li></ul>
  13. 13. Unit III: A CALL TO SERVICE IN THE COMMUNITY <ul><li>Chapter I: HOLY ORDERS: Consecration to Christ in the Service of the People of God </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter II: MATRIMORY: Openness to Life in the Service of the Family </li></ul>
  14. 14. CHURCH What is the ?
  16. 16. <ul><li>a . Qahal: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hebrew word for this </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>gathering of the people </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calling of Abraham and electing of Israel as His people. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ I am your God and you are my people” </li></ul></ul></ul>A. MEANING & UNDERSTANDING OF THE CHURCH Etymology and Definition
  17. 17. A. MEANING & UNDERSTANDING OF THE CHURCH <ul><li>b . Ekklesia: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greek equivalent of Qahal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Known as ek-kalein , which </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>means: “ to call out of” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ekklesia means a convocation or an assembly (usually for religious purpose). </li></ul></ul></ul>Note: In CFC 1355, ekklesia and qahal are used as: “ the people of God called together”/”an assembly called by God.” Etymology and Definition
  18. 18. <ul><li>c. Kyriake : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>literally means: “what belongs to the Lord” ( Kyrios ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is where the German term, Kirche , came from, and from which the English term Church was derived. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i.) it connotes the belongingness of that assembly of God. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ii.) it designates the toal community of the people of God. </li></ul></ul></ul>A. MEANING & UNDERSTANDING OF THE CHURCH Qahal & Ekklesia = stressed the action of God in calling the people together Kyriake = stressed its belongingness to the Lord Etymology and Definition
  19. 19. The Church claims to be faith-assembly whose root cause is God’s free call to all to share His divine goodness and love in Christ. A. MEANING & UNDERSTANDING OF THE CHURCH <ul><li>Christian Usage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>liturgical assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>local community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the whole universal community of believers </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. I came that they may have life and have it to the full. John 10:10 <ul><li>Christ’s death on the cross restored our original belongingness or relationship with the Father. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Christian Community <ul><li>The Christian community is a community of disciples, of people who trust Christ and follow his way of loving God and one another. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>They devoted themselves to the apostles’ instruction and the communal life, to the breaking of bread, taking their meals in common and to the prayers and praising God. They were of one heart and mind and shared even the things they owned so that no one among them was in want. Day by day the Lord added to their number those who were being saved. </li></ul><ul><li>Acts 2:42-47 </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>In Christian community the people experience belongingness not only among community members but especially with Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>This experience helps them to grow in their faith. </li></ul><ul><li>We call this Christian community the Church. </li></ul>
  24. 24. For Filipino Catholics, what is the most common understanding of what the Church is? <ul><li>The Church is a building or a place where people go to pray or to attend mass. </li></ul><ul><li>The Church is a social organization where people are gathered together for an agenda or for company. </li></ul><ul><li>The Church is the hierarchy, the priest and the bishops. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>The building where people worship is obviously a church but we do not restrict the meaning of Church to the concept of a building. It is more of a building, or a group of churchgoers, church workers or a social grouping. (PCP II 1354) </li></ul>
  26. 26. “ Church” Where does it come from? <ul><li>The gathering together of the People of God began at the moment when sin destroyed the communion of men with God, and that of men and women among themselves (CCC 761). </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>In gathering us as a people, God aimed at our original belongingness to him </li></ul><ul><li>The first gathering started by calling Abraham and electing Israel as his people (Gen 12:1-) </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Community of friendship – Koinonia - </li></ul><ul><li>need for friendship and social relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Community of Service – Deaconia - </li></ul><ul><li>to serve those who are in need esp. the poor, sick and dying. </li></ul><ul><li>Community of faith – United in one faith, </li></ul><ul><li>one belief </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>CHURCH as A MYSTERY </li></ul><ul><li>We mean not something we can’t know nor understand but rather a reality we can never fully grasp because there is always more to learn. NCDP 200 </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li> Church is a mystery. It is a reality imbued with the hidden presence of God, always open to new and ever greater exploration ( Pope Paul VI ) </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Father – Its origin in the father’s plan of salvation. </li></ul><ul><li>The saving design of the father </li></ul><ul><li>Son – One mediator, ongoing life in the Risen Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>Redemptive mission of the Son </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Spirit – Dwells in the church and in the hearts of the faithful. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctifying work of the Spirit. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Church as a Sacrament By her relationship with Christ, the church is both a sacramental sign and an instrument of intimate union with God and the unity of all mankind. GS 42; LG 1
  33. 33. Church as a Sacrament The Church is the tangible sign of Christ’s presence in the world, a beacon of light visible to all and drawing them in the power of the spirit to communion with God and with one another in Christ. Acts 13:47, Mt 5:14-16
  34. 34. <ul><li>Church – Universal Sacrament of Salvation </li></ul><ul><li>A visible symbol of God’s continued presence among us. </li></ul><ul><li>The salvation brought by Jesus reaches us through the church, which is empowered by the Holy Spirit to be the means of salvation. </li></ul><ul><li>An instrument for the Redemption of all. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Models of the Church Service and care for others Work to transform the world for justice and peace Servant Biblical basis Proclaims the word, focus on preaching of Scripture Herald Sacramental spirituality As a sign, highly intellectual Sacrament Fellowship Focuses on people Community order., identity. clarity Hierarchy, rules, doctrines Institution
  36. 36. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>1. The Distinction between Individual Salvation and the Necessity of the CHURCH </li></ul>
  37. 37. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>1 Tim 2;4-5 </li></ul><ul><li>God “ who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of truth. For there is one God and men, The man Christ Jesus who gave HIMSELF as a ransom for all” </li></ul>
  38. 38. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>Every human person, no matter what his faith and religion, may effectively be saved by following his own religion and conscience. </li></ul>
  39. 39. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>“ All this holds true not for Christians only, but also for all men of goodwill in whose hearts grace is active visibly. For since Christ died for all, and since all men are in fact called to one and the same destiny which is divine, we must hold that the Holy Spirit offers to all the possibility of being made partners, in a way known to God, in the Paschal Mystery,” ( GS 22 ) </li></ul>
  40. 40. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>The universality of God’s plan of salvation, which embraces the entire human race and the whole of creation. </li></ul><ul><li>The mission of the Church is understood as being first and foremost part of God’s turning toward the world in CREATIVE LOVE, REDEMPTIVE HEALING , and TRANSFORMING POWER . </li></ul>
  41. 41. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>Without the Church, could there be Salvation for Humanity at all? </li></ul>
  42. 42. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>The Church is necessary for the world at large as a Sacrament, an efficacious sign and instrument of God’s redemptive activity in Jesus Christ, leading toward the final kingdom of God. </li></ul>
  43. 43. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>2. Salvation as bound to </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul>
  44. 44. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>God needs a witness in the world, a PEOPLE in which God’s salvation can be made visible. </li></ul><ul><li>Israel’ being chosen is not a privilege or a preference for others, but an existence for others. </li></ul>
  45. 45. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>This has nothing to do with preference, advantage, elitism, or being “better than,” but it has a great deal to do with God's respect for human dignity and human freedom </li></ul>
  46. 46. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>The message of Jesus is not addressed to scattered individuals but to a community. </li></ul><ul><li>Even if God addresses individual and calls him to conversion, God always sees that the person as an integral part of the community in which individuals live and come to understand their salvation. </li></ul>
  47. 47. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>3. Being a Christian as a </li></ul><ul><li>Call to Mission </li></ul>
  48. 48. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>To be “called by God” means to be drawn into God’s own plan and into the mission of the Son, which extends into the mission of the Church. </li></ul>
  49. 49. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>4. The meaning of “the </li></ul><ul><li>Keys of the Kingdom” </li></ul><ul><li>given to Peter. </li></ul>
  50. 50. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>The Church has an important role to play concerning the Kingdom in history. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not mean that only those who join the Catholic Church will enter the kingdom </li></ul>
  51. 51. THE FOUR BASIC PROPOSITIONS <ul><li>The Church does not decide to whom the kingdom will ultimately be granted or who ultimately will be excluded. </li></ul><ul><li>In the words of Jesus, “ Many will come from the east and the west and will take their places in the kingdom of God while the presumed heirs will be thrown out.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mt 8: 11-12 </li></ul>