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English intonation summary 2012

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English intonation summary 2012

  1. 1. English Intonation
  2. 2. Intonation• What is intonation?• Prosodic features - pitch - loudness - speed - rhythm - stress (even stress, homographs, etc) - tone
  3. 3. • Tone - Tone languages• Three T’s of Intonation - Tonality - Tonicity - Tone
  4. 4. Functions of intonation (Wells) - Attitudinal - Grammatical - Focusing (accentual, informational) - Discourse (cohesive) - Psychological - Indexical
  5. 5. Tones- Fall- Rise- Fall-rise- Rise-fall
  6. 6. Type of tones• - statements - Declarative questions - Wh questions - Yes-No questions - Tag questions - Checking - pardon question - echo question
  7. 7. - exclamations- Commands (Negative too)- Warnings- Interjections and greetings- Farewell- Open and closed lists- Alternative questions
  8. 8. Tonicity- Accenting phonetically- Accenting pragmatically- Onset- On or near the end- Content and function words- Compound words- phrases- Double-stressed compounds
  9. 9. - Old and new information- Deaccenting- Reapeated information- Synonyms - hypernyms - hyponyms- Phrasal verbs
  10. 10. Tonality - Intonation breaks - Tonality and writing - Size - GrammarTaken from English Intonation (2007), J.C. Wells – Cambridge University Press

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