Teaching in/for the 21st century: A case of Development Studies


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Presentation to the Development Studies conference in Port Elizabeth on 21-22 October 2010 on 'Teaching Development Studies in the 21st century'

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Teaching in/for the 21st century: A case of Development Studies

  1. 1. 2010/10/28 1 http://katmaund.blogspot.com/ Source: Banksy Is learning simply about gaining knowledge? Is teaching about transferring knowledge? “It's not what you know that counts anymore. It's what you can learn.” ~ Don Tapscott Source:Wheeler2010 http://www.nationalpost.com Imagination is more important than knowledge ~ Albert Einstein www.students.ou.edu Source:Wheeler2010 “The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.” ~ Alvin Toffler "In the times of rapid change, learners inherit the Earth, while the learned find themselves beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists." ~ Eric Hoffer washingtonrebel.typepad.com Source:Wheeler2010 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  2. 2. 2010/10/28 2 “For the first time we are preparing students ~ “For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.” ~ David Warlick Where are we now? Source:?? Where do we want to be? Students doing what the requirements are for their chosen field of practice Sourceofphoto:Downes2009 How do we get there? ”I never teach my pupils, I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn” ~ Albert Einstein Teaching is more like being a conductor… AdaptedfromTolisano 2009 Source:Tolisano2009 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  3. 3. 2010/10/28 3 This means… Learning engaged learning I’ll starve if all we do is read about the nuts! Personalised engaged learning? http://www.delasallewaterford.com Source:Wheeler2010 Personalised engaged learning? http://www.hseb.utah.edu Source:Wheeler2010 Engaging today’s learners means tapping into what is important to them Which is? anytime personalised anyplace http://ithalas.com Source:Wheeler2010 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  4. 4. 2010/10/28 4 Life outside the classroom http://flickr.com/photos/mcmorr/1294684803/ Source:Cofino2010 Interaction is expected http://www.flickr.com/photos/cwalker71/2637125074 Source:Cofino2010 Social http://flickr.com/photos/nattu/895220635/ Source:Cofino2010 Highly customised experiences http://flickr.com/photos/blackbutterfly/3082335820/ Source:Cvofino2010 Increasingly digital http://flickr.com/photos/paulm/1584418819/ Source:Cofino2010 constantly connected http://flickr.com/photos/crash-candy/2347430057/ Source: Cofino 2010 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  5. 5. 2010/10/28 5 producers + consumers prosumers http://flickr.com/photos/ssh/12638218/ Source:Cofino2010 Technology certainly key part of learning But it is not about technology per se http://www.objectlessons.org “Students today can’t prepare bark to calculate their problems. They depend on slate which is more expensive. What will they do when they drop the slate and it breaks? They will be unable to write!” (Teachers conference, 1703) Sourtce:Wheeler2010 “Students today depend on paper too much. They don’t know how to write without getting chalk dust all over them. What will they do when they run out of paper?” (Principal’s association – 1815) http://www.nikkikatz.com Source:Wheeler2010 “Ball point pens will be the ruin of education in our country. Students use these devices and then throw them away. The American virtues of thrift and frugality are being discarded.” (US Federal teacher, 1950) http://www.gadgettastic.com Source:Wheeler2010 Source:Wheeler2010 The pace of technology changes are fast and accelerating PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  6. 6. 2010/10/28 6 Society 3.0 Web 1.0: Read, receive, research www.localseoguide.com AdaptedfromWheeler2010 Web 2.0: Contribute, collaborate, create, i.e. user participation AdaptedfromWheeler2010 Web 3.0: Existing data re-connected for other (smarter) uses http://farm4.static.flickr.com Source:Wheeler2010 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  7. 7. 2010/10/28 7 Twenty years of web historyTwenty years of web historyTwenty years of web historyTwenty years of web history Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/interactive/2009/oct/23/internet-arpanet 1992 Email 1994 Netscape browser 1995 Amazon 1996 Hotmail & Alta Vista search 1997 web blog 1998 Google search1999 file sharing 2001 Wikipedia 2003 Skype & Myspace 2004 Facebook & Gmail 2005 Youtube 2006 Twitter2006 Iphone 2009 Real time media Digital natives vs digital immigrants (Marc Prensky)? Digital residents vs digital visitors (White) But digital In 2009 only 6.9 millions South Africans were Internet users, up from 4.5 mil (11%) of the population in 2008 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  8. 8. 2010/10/28 8 We can’t just use new technology to teach same old stuff The use of technology by our students has changed what and how we will have to teach Shifts in teaching & learning From Cartesian paradigm (transmission) To ecological paradigm (socially produced) One approach: Sage on stage l Source:Downes?? Other approach: Peer-based social learning Source:McLeod2009 Source:Downes?? Shift from being knowledgeable to being knowledge-able (Michael Wesch) PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  9. 9. 2010/10/28 9 21st century teaching 21st century skills Effective communication Innovation & creativity Problem-solving Interactive & collaborate Critical thinking Self-direction & responsibilities Adaptability & flexibility Online unit Face-to-face Other support Use what over two- thirds of South African have (while many households have more than one) PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  10. 10. 2010/10/28 10 Source:Wheeler2010 Source of photo: Weller 2010 Use Wiki with MAs that supervise Used Wiki for 1st & 2nd year as collaborative work PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  11. 11. 2010/10/28 11 Student feedback Fun & creative!!!! http://allfunny.net/pics/crazykids/crazy-kids-8.jpg • Student’s tweet: ish guys dnt mind my weird tweets sumtyms, its my assignments... thanks 2 #uj • Twitter could be a contribution to education purposes as it allows the students to find and follow specific personalities, beneficial to their studies. • It is simply easy and great, doing academic assignment with phone 220km away from Johannesburg. • Majority fully agree that should continue using Twitter in teaching, most are only tweeting for course PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  12. 12. 2010/10/28 12 • Continue to find new ways of making the course and module interesting. The web page was something totally different. • [I have learnt] doing group work without meeting any of the group members – you gotta love technology! • Despite endless assignments the course is just so awesome and making you to eager to learn more. • A nearly unbelievable request: “Give us more assignments.” Do more assignments in hard copy. Old school teaching please! Carina rocks, l wish she would take me through and through, but esh online and wetpaint really sucks. Some of us hate spending more time in front of computers. My reflection Fun!!!! http://allfunny.net/pics/crazykids/crazy-kids-8.jpg Challenges for me • Poor digital literacy of students • Digital divide: Access to internet off campus?; no wifi on campus • E-safety, privacy & digital footprint – not done enough on this • Digital people, but analogue students (Tan 2009): students are expecting conventional lecturing Sourceofslidebackground:Rowe PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  13. 13. 2010/10/28 13 Lecturer must have content knowledge, pedagogy knowledge and technology knowledge AND be connected ourselves – become the learner you are trying to develop LAST WORDS “All too often today we are giving young people cut flowers when we should be teaching them to grow their own plants.” ~ John W Gardner Source:Wheeler2010 http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpg http://www.newcastle.edu.au “[t]he technology is secondary. This is a“[t]he technology is secondary. This is a social revolution, not a technological one, and its most revolutionary aspect may be the ways in which it empowers us to rethink education and the teacher- student relationship in an almost limitless variety of ways.” (Wesch 2009) Essential elements of 21st century teaching Development Studies Emphasise core subjects Language, Mathematics, Economics, Science, Geography, History, Government and Civics Interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary Emphasise learning skills Practice- and problem-oriented Use 21st century tools to develop learning skills Critical Teach & learn in 21st century context Relevant to 21st century context Teach & learn 21st century content What is 21st century content of Development Studies? Use 21st century assessments that measure 21st century skills Do students only write essays in your courses? Content just a tool? Passion remains everything! PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com
  14. 14. 2010/10/28 14 While doctors save lives Teachers make lives http://www.taranakicareers.co.nz Source:Wheeler2010 Your thoughts? Acknowledgements • Bolstad R 2008 Disciplining and drafting, or 21st century learning? Presentation to Cantatech and Aoraki e-clusters at Darfield, 3 September 2008. http://www.scribd.com/doc/5514047/21st-century • Brad Fountain Consumers to creators: How to teach today’s students • Rowe M Collaborative knowledge construction with wikis • Tolisano SR 2009 Take the technology out of the equation. 29 March blog post at http://langwitches.org/blog/2009/03/29/take-the- technology-out-of-the-equation/ • Wheeler S 2010 Transformation and inspiration through social media: Meeting the needs of the 21st century learner. Keynote speech for ULearn2010, Christchurch, New Zealand, 6-8 October • Where not acknowledged on slides, photos/cartoons are from Google Images PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com