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Towards A New Climate Strategy

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Presentation delivered by Cheryl Dixon, Coordinator, Environmental Sustainability Unit, at the panel discussion titled, 'Towards A New Climate Strategy' on May 24, 2017 at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors in Turks and Caicos Islands.

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Towards A New Climate Strategy

  1. 1. TOWARDS A NEW CLIMATE STRATEGY Cheryl Dixon 47th Annual Board Mtg.- Turks & Caicos Islands May 24, 2017
  2. 2. Projected global warming impact for the Caribbean 2030-2090 Lower emissions scenario 2030’s Sea level rise from 0.5-0.6m; Temperature increase from 0.3- .5°C; Total annual rainfall change will be -3.05%. Salt water intrusion into coastal aquifers; Beach erosion; Increased frequency of hurricanes; More intense hurricanes Medium-high emissions scenarios 2060’s Sea level rise range from 0.6- 1.4m; Temperature increase from 0.5- 1.5°C; Total annual rainfall change will be -11.46%. Sea level rise will exacerbate inundation, storm surges, erosion and other coastal hazards, threatening vital infrastructure, settlements and facilities Higher emissions scenario 2090’s Sea level rise range from 1.4- 2m; Temperature increase from 1.5- 3.2°C; Total annual rainfall change will be -25.33% Increased invasion by non- native species expected to occur, particularly on mid and high-latitude islands; Extreme levels of drought Effects Impacts
  3. 3. Climate resilience strategy 2012-17 • Develop and operationalise a environmental sustainability risk framework for climate resilience in CDB’s operations; and • Assist BMCs and regional institutions to mobilise financing, design, and implement policies, strategies and investment programmes to address climate resilience.
  4. 4. Policies, procedures and training •All investment projects are screened and categorised for potential impacts, to ensure that identified environmental and social risks are effectively managed. •Climate Screening Tools used for screening projects and Country Strategies. Environmental and Social Review Procedures •Climate risk assessments and the use of related screening tools are mandatory in the preparation of CSPs for each BMC. •Energy Sector Policy and Strategy 2015-2019 •Guidance tools / resources for CDB Staff Climate tools •133 persons from public sector and non-governmental organisations trained to use CCCCC’s Online Risk Assessment Tool, CCORAL. •Workshops on Climate Change Integration Training for CDB’s Projects and Economics staff. Training •Updated 2004 Sourcebook on the Integration of Natural Hazards into the Environmental Impact Assessment Process. Hosted workshops on CC, Disaster Risk Reduction and Environmental Safeguards for environmental professionals from BMCs. •Provided TA for improved governance frameworks for selected BMCs. Capacity Building
  5. 5. Mobilising financial resources Bilateral • Canada • Germany • UK Global Finance • Adaptation fund (February 2016) • Green Climate fund (December 2016) Multi-lateral • EIB • IDB • AFD • ACP-EU • EU-CIF
  6. 6. Sources of funding for climate- related initiatives 30 22 33 4.4 7.9 3.6 3.3 22 6.5 24 13.7 3.3 55.9 70 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 CALC SEEC GAC GIZ IDB SEF GeoSMART CDRRF ACP-EU AFD USDmillions Climate Finance Sources 2012-2016 Loan Grant Concessional Loans TA
  7. 7. Climate action line of credit Water USD 35.15M 54% RE/EE USD 15M 23% Transport USD 15M 23% • John Compton Dam Rehabilitation Project • Vieux Fort Water Supply Redevelopment Project • Barbados Water Supply Upgrade Project • Bahamas Water Supply Improvement Project CALC EXPENDITURE 2012-2016 • Phillip S.W. Goldson Highway Upgrading Project (Belize) • Belize Social Investment Fund III • Antigua & Barbuda Street Light Retrofitting Project • St. Kitts & Nevis Street and Flood Light Retrofitting Project • St. Lucia Street Light Retrofitting Project • Anguilla 1MW Solar PV Plant Project
  8. 8. Lessons BMCs Climate considerations need to be incorporated in sectoral policies and programmes at earliest stages of project design Need for increased use of climate screening tools and guidance resources Dedicated functional climate change units / focal points help to quickly foster mainstreaming Internal capacity building, knowledge platforms essential for mainstreaming Community resilience building critical for poverty reduction Monitoring / Evaluation / Reporting essential for tracking progress Project Level Climate considerations need to be incorporated at the earliest stages of project and programme design Information / data for Climate Resilience Vulnerability Assessment limited Legal and regulatory frameworks require reforms and enhancements to support new low carbon agenda Technical staff lack tools necessary to incorporate and effectively mainstream CC Incremental costs hover around 10-15% depending on project complexity and some context specific factors
  9. 9. GHG mitigation targets
  10. 10. NDCs mitigation targets Country Conditional Uncondition al Target Year BAU Baseline Projection Paris Agreement ratified Paris Agreement signed but not ratified Anguilla -- -- -- -- -- -- Antigua & Barbuda Unspecified -- 2030 --  -- Bahamas 30% reduction -- 2030 BAU  -- Barbados 44% reduction -- 2030 2008 or BAU  -- Belize Unspecified -- 2027 --  -- BVI -- -- -- -- -- -- Cayman Is. -- -- -- -- -- --
  11. 11. NDCs mitigation targets Country Conditional Uncondition al Target Year BAU Baseline Projection Paris Agreement ratified Paris Agreement signed but not ratified Dominica GHG reductions: 17.9% by 2020; 39.2% by 2025; and 44.7% by 2030. -- 2030 --  -- Grenada GHG reduction: 30% of 2010 by 2025, with an indicative reduction of 40% of 2010 by 2030. -- 2030 --  -- Guyana Unspecified -- 2025 --  -- Haiti 26% reduction 5% reduction 2030 BAU --  Jamaica 10% reduction -- 2030 BAU -- 
  12. 12. NDCs mitigation targets Country Conditional Uncondition al Target Year BAU Baseline Projection Paris Agreement ratified Paris Agreement signed but not ratified Montserrat -- -- -- -- -- -- St. Kitts and Nevis 22% and 35% reduction by 2025 and 2030 respectively. -- 2030 BAU  -- St. Lucia 23% reduction -- 2030 BAU  -- St. Vincent and the Grenadines Unspecified 22% reduction 2025 BAU  -- Suriname Unspecified -- -- -- --  Trinidad & Tobago 15% reduction -- 2030 BAU --  Turks & Caicos -- -- -- -- -- --
  13. 13. Adaptation targets Country Targets Antigua & Barbuda By 2025, increase desalination capacity by 50% above 2015 levels; By 2030, all buildings prepared for extreme climate events. Barbados Incorporation of CCA into national plans and strategies. Belize Management and protection of key biodiversity areas; Sustainable forest management in targeted Protected Areas. Bahamas Protection of 20% of near-shore marine environment by 2020. Dominica Early Warning Systems; Climate Resilient Agricultural/Fisheries; Sustainable mechanism to access international climate change financing; Climate Change Trust Fund; CCA and DRM education and awareness programme. Grenada Pledged to protect 20% of its terrestrial area under the Caribbean Challenge Initiative. Guyana Conservation of additional 2M hectares through National Park Protected Area System; Protection of conservancies, reservoirs and watersheds; Restoration of mangroves; Reclamation and reforestation of mined areas; Upgrading of infrastructure to protect against flooding; Development and introduction of crop varieties that are flood, drought and disease resistant. Haiti Integrate CC into sectoral development strategies; Develop the 15 most vulnerable watersheds according to the land-use planning scheme; Protect coastal areas against the impacts of CC; Develop climate-smart agriculture.
  14. 14. Adaptation targets Country Targets Jamaica Downscale existing global climate models; Development of sectoral CC strategies and action plans and integration of CC considerations in national policies; CC awareness and education programme; Central secure national database for climate data. Implementation of high priority adaptation programmes/projects. SKN Promote rainwater harvesting in at least 25% of households, and implement metering at 100% of governmental and public institutions; Reduce, by 15%, losses from the water system. Desal. plant to meet 50% of water demand from tourism; Exploration of other irrigation water sources other feedstock to facilitate feeding in dry season. St. Lucia Implementation of the CC Action Plan; Integration of appropriate adaptation measures into national and sectoral strategies. SVG Public awareness; Enhance infrastructural resilience; Develop appropriate legislative and regulatory framework, for proper environmental management, and institutional systems for responding to the effects of CC. Suriname Increase climate resilience in the coastal zone via infrastructure programmes, vulnerability assessments and mainstreaming CC in the social and productive sectors. T&T Unspecified in NDC.
  15. 15. NDC focal areas 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 NumberofCountries
  16. 16. Constraints to meeting NDC targets Limited mainstreaming of climate change into sectorial policies. Limited capacity to design and implement policies, plans, programmes and projects. Plans and policies remain in draft for long periods – YEARS. Financial and technical/technological capacity severely constrained. Insufficient coordination among stakeholders and across government agencies in the implementation of policies/plans. Many countries have incorporated RE targets under their mitigation targets for the Energy and Power Generation sectors in the absence of appropriate regulatory and governance frameworks. Limited public awareness and engagement of climate adaptation and mitigation requirements methods due to lack of outreach programmes by the Government.
  17. 17. The way forward Current state • Absence of policies • No mechanisms for coordination • Information deficits • Knowledge gap • Absence of political will Partnership • Increase mobilisation of concessionary investments • Scale up investment in climate sensitive sectors • Capacity development Resilience • National and sectoral plans and policies • Mechanisms for planning and coordination • Knowledge and information management and sharing
  18. 18. Strategy update Increase concessionary financing •Increase mobilisation efforts for concessionary financing – Adaptation Fund, Green Climate Fund. •New lending instruments/Regional initiatives, (Streetlighting, Product Geosmart). •Project Preparation Support. •Partnerships with other MDBs, IFIs, multilaterals and bilaterals and Regional Institutions. Scale up climate sensitive sector investments •Transport, Water, Agriculture, Physical Infrastructure (Roads, Ports, Drainage Coastal Infrastructure, Education plant), Sustainable Energy •Community Resilience, Urban Spaces. •Private Sector Engagement –Enhanced regulatory environment, Information, Technology. Capacity building •CDB mainstreaming CCA, climate action targets, information dissemination •BMC’s policies, plans and programs, technical competencies •Governance, coordination mechanisms, MRV. •Regional Institutions: CDEMA, CIMH, Universities, CCCCC. •Information Dissemination, Knowledge building. •Monitoring and Evaluation- Performance Measurement.
  19. 19. Thank you!

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