+What is Career Development?Career Development is about helping peoplemanage their life, learning and work over thelifespan. It is the acknowledgment of life longlearning (Mary McMahon, Wendy Patton,Peter Tatham, 2002).Career Development is “the knowledge, skills,behaviours and dispositions that will assiststudents to live and work as successfulindependent learners, and as active,confident, creative and informed individuals”(Shape of the Australian Curriculum –ACARA, Dec. 2010). These capabilities areessential for life long learning. …
In Australia, there are a number of existing+ arrangements to address these generic skills: General Capabilities that form part of the Australian Curriculum for schools. The Overarching Outcomes, part of the WA Curriculum Framework, The Australian Blueprint for Career DevelopmentFrom a Broader , which addresses career management competencies essential for life long learning.Perspective Employability Skills Framework used in the VET sector.… the notion of Graduate Attributes developed byGeneric Skills are not universities.new! Australian Core Skills Framework, foundation skills for the workforce. The Australian Qualifications Framework, which spans all education and training sectors, also refers to four broad categories of Generic Skills.
It has many social and economic+ advantages: From a government and business perspective: career development assists workforce preparation, adaptability, sustainability andCareer reintegration hence increased workforce participation rate, reducedDevelopment costs, increased efficiency and productivity.is High on the From a human point of view,Government’s career development assists increasedAgenda- a satisfaction and psychological success in ones life.National From an educational perspectivePriority career development assists individuals realise their full potential..
Career Development Is not about expecting a child to make lifelong career decisions at a very young age … it is about providing them with a context for their school learning and the skills, knowledge, understandings and attitudes to make future career decisions.+ It shows students the real life relevance of their school experience and therefore it is important that career development in schools is a K- 12 approach.
+ Did you know research tell us … Students from Preschool to Year 12 The research findings suggest we have the capacity are missing a valuable opportunity to influence and enhance the to understand career development of our career students if we do not begin career education early. development? (Miles Morgan Australia (2003). Australian Blueprint for Career Development, P. 87.) Australian Blueprint for Career Development Worksheets and Activities Additional Primary Classroom Activities
+ Did you know research tell us … Five (5) year olds can talk about the job they want when they grow up, and … Six to Eight (6 to 8) year olds have already begun to narrow down the number of occupations they are prepared to consider in the future (Phipps, 1995).
+ Did you know research tell us … … and once these limits are set, individuals will rarely consider broader alternatives (Poole & Low, 1985). Individuals start to rule out options at an early age because of the unconscious influences of parents, their friends and the stereotyping of occupations.
+ Why is it important to start early? Research has shown that children engage more deeply in learning if they … 1. cansee how education 2. connect what they are is connected to a learning in school to successful future. real-world situations. 3.discover the variety of 4. develop work- jobs available to them readiness skills. and are able to imagine themselves in an occupation.
+ STUDENTS CAN BUILD A CAREER FOUNDATION … in the Early Years by encouraging the use of age-appropriate activities and play to explore the structure and function of the working world which is presented in a Model of Contemporary Learning entitled Exploring Roles in the Community <click to view>
THEY CAN CONTINUE TO DEVELOP CAREER PERCEPTIONS… in the Middle Years by building solidfoundations for good career decision making by… +• Exploring the range of opportunities in the world of work – both online, and face to face!• Engaging in authentic learning, and• Reflecting on personal interests, attributes, values and abilities to develop personal learning goals and aspirations.
+ V E Years Prep to 4 – Laying the foundations: L S The curriculum focuses on developing the fundamental knowledge, skills and behaviours in general skills of literacy and numeracy and other areas including physical and social capacities that underpin all future learning. Career development at this stage includes the development of self awareness and understanding of the world around them, including the roles people have in their lives.
+ V EYears 5 to 8 – Building breadth & depth: L S Career development at this stage includes a deeper understanding of themselves and the working world and the decision making processes. They will begin to explore options for learning that can lead to pathways they may want to follow.Years 9 to 10 – Developing pathways:They need to experience learning in work andcommunity settings as well as the classroom. They arebeginning to develop preferred areas for their learning. Reference: http://bit.ly/OcL4cc
+ Other Resources you may wish to explore Through such programs as the “You Can Do It” you can teach children the Five Keys to Success or in using the “Real Game Series” the Series Five High Principles of life. You Can Do It! You Can Do It! Theseprograms gives http://www.youcandoit.com.au/ students the tools to help The Real Game manage and excel in all http://www.realgame.com/australia.html aspects of life. Squidoo http://bit.ly/P69y7a Teaching Kids Business http://bit.ly/eT6v7J
References ACARA, http://www.acara.edu.au/default.asp Australian Curriculum, http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au Chance Clutter (1995) The Effects of Parental Influence on their Children‘s Career Choices, Fort Hays State University, 1995. •http://bit.ly/O4QWoy Mary McMahon, Wendy Patton, Peter Tatham (2002) Managing Life, Learning and Work in the 21st Century. http://bit.ly/Na8pHq Miles Morgan Australia (2003) Australian Blueprint for Career Development, P. 87). + •Patton,Wendy and McMahon, Mary (2006) The Systems Theory Framework of Career Development and Counseling: Connecting Theory And Practice. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 28 (2): pp. 153-166. http://bit.ly/N35sJN •Phipps, B.J. (1995) Career dreams of preadolescent students. Journal of Career Development, 22 (1), 19-32. http://jcd.sagepub.com/content/22/1/19.extract •Poole & Low (1985) Career aspirations of adolescent girls: effects of achievement level, grade, and single-sex school environment, May 2002, Volume 46, Issue 9-10, pp 323-335. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1023/A%3A1020228613796Back