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Innovations :Technology unfolding

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Moving to a generational shift to technologies using renewable energy sources with zero fuel cost for generation of energy.
A glimpse of things to come . Some innovative ideas that use the surroundings to produce Energy. These are Concept technologies, Pilot projects , some way beyond pilot projects Some successfully running..A window into the technology that is in incubation stage and ready to be unleashed. Commited to energy security using renewable enrgy sources.

Strategic Energy Innovations. Creating a better, more sustainable future through innovation.
Climate change and rising energy costs have brought resource efficiency to the forefront of many communities' agendas.

Published in: Environment
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Innovations :Technology unfolding

  1. 1. INNOVATIONS 2.0 A WINDOW INTO TOMORROWS WORLD A GENERATIONAL SHIFT TO ZERO COST FUELS FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Disclaimer : this is put in good faith ‘ We have researched material and put the same together and do not vouch or authenticate any innovation nor approve or disaaprove their claims. We welcome additional material on Tomorrow’s Technologies . Send us a mail to include it
  2. 2. ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER ENERGY SECURITY FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES , GOING TO ZERO FUEL COST FOR GENERATION OF POWER
  3. 3. WIND ENERGY INDUSTRY IS NOTHING NEW John Houghton from Cambridge said in his paper Global Warming: The complete Briefing, ‘Given that it has been used as a form of energy for a couple of centuries, wind is a very common source of energy The fact that there were about Though our scientists may claim that they are energy. 10,000 windmills to tap wind energy in the Year 1800 itself, goes to show that wind was an important source of energy in parts of Europe like Britain Therefore it is not surprising that inventing something new by using wind as a source of generating energy, the truth is that wind is being used for centuries for this purpose. An example of this is an article Britain. parts of the world like some countries from Western Europe such as Great Britain and Denmark and some countries in western North America are trying to revive ways of tapping published in 1838, which clearly shows that even in those times, wind was considered an important source of energy. energy from wind. Slim, tall and more efficient objects have replaced windmills to tap wind energy.’ A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  4. 4. INNOVATIONS Storing Wind Power with Compressed Air Pumped Hydro– An Alternative Technology A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  5. 5. INNOVATIONS Storing Wind Power with Compressed Air Wind power suffers from one major problem ‐ the wind is very fickle. If wind turbines are to be a viable large scale replacement for coal‐ and gas‐fired power stations, a way has to be found to capture and store the energy from the wind so that it can be put to use when it is needed, and not just when the wind is blowing. (Credit: PG&E) A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  6. 6. STORING WIND POWER WITH COMPRESSED AIR Since electricity from wind turbines is more expensive than that generated by conventional power stations, another benefit of storing wind power is that electricity can be exported to the National Grid at peak times of day when the price paid for it can be 2 or 3 times greater that at off peak times. This makes wind turbine generators financially viable without the need for government subsidies. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  7. 7. COMPRESSED AIR STORAGE One possible solution to this energy storage problem is the use of compressed air. When the wind blows during the night (when electricity demand is low), the electricity generated can be used to power an air compressor. The compressed air can then be stored in the underground caves and caverns left from some forms of mining. During the day when demand peaks (and wholesale electricity prices peak) the compressed air can be released through a turbine generating electricity. These caverns will effectively provide battery storage for wind power. The overall efficiency of this system can be as much as 75%. Although 25%+ of the wind generated electricity is lost, the remaining 75% is used at peak times thus reducing the number of conventional power stations needed to meet demand. Dakota, the windiest state of the USA, Sirius Exploration plan to create eight 16m (diameter) x 160m caverns (by potash mining) which will be able to power a 100MW turbine when filled with compressed air. A similar projet is being developed in Ireland by Gaelectric with a cavern large enough for at least a 136MW turbine. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  8. 8. A ROSE WIND TURBINE The one knock on wind energy is that it is not portable. Until recently, there were few if any portable devices that were available to literally take wind power on the go. That is changing quick as there are several “back‐pack” style devices that are on the market. The Rose Wind Turbine is the latest invention to be introduced to this ever growing energy niche. The Rose Wind Turbine is a small portable device that is small enough to fit into the trunk of the car and barely be noticed. However, once this portable wind turbine comes out, it is sure to turn heads A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  9. 9. COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE (CAES) Although a compressed air energy storage (CAES) system has not been tested commercially with wind turbines, a 290MW plant in Huntdorf, Germany has been running successfully for over 25 years storing excess production from a conventional power station so it can be sold at times of peak demand. Compressed air is stored in engineered salt caverns, and when released can generated sufficient electricity to meet the needs of almost 300,000 homes. A second commericial unit was built in 1991 in McIntosh,Alabama with a 110MW turbine. Other (conventional) sources of electricity could be stored in the same way further reducing the number of conventional power stations required to meet peak demand is reduced. The Future for CAES and Wind Power As more wind farms are constructed, and our dependence on the electricity they generate increases, energy storage is going to become more and more important. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  10. 10. Air HES system To collect water and generate electricity from the clouds Using a tethered airship floating high up among the clouds, the Air HES concept is designed to yield both clean water and electricity by harvesting and condensing water vapor, which it uses to spin up an electric turbine generator to create power. The developers behind the concept claim to have built a prototype to test their theory and have also conducted feasibility studies into upping the scale of their device to produce economically viable levels of water and power. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  11. 11. AIRBORNE WIND TURBINES? Yes, the day is not far off when reaching for sky is the new motto for generating cost‐effective renewable energy. Initially it was considered to be technically non‐viable to tap high‐altitude winds. But today, technically‐advanced materials and innovative computer know‐how are giving new life to this scheme with innovative autonomous aerial structures using wind energy to generate power. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  12. 12. AIRBORNE WIND TURBINE Bryan Roberts, a professor of engineering at the University of Technology, in Sydney, Australia, has proposed a helicopter‐like craft which flies to 15,000 feet (4,600 m) altitude and stays there, held aloft by wings that generate lift from the wind, and held in place by a cable to a ground anchor. According to its designers, while some of the energy in the wind would be 'lost' on lift, the constant and potent winds would allow it to generate constant electricity. Since the winds usually blow horizontally, the turbines would be at an angle from the horizontal, catching winds while still generating lift. Deployment could be done by feeding electricity to the turbines, which would turn them into electric motors, lifting the structure into h the k sky. An airborne wind turbine is a design concept for a wind turbine that is supported in the air without a tower.[A tether would be used to transmit energy to the ground, either mechanically or through electrical conductors. These systems would have the advantage of tapping an almost constant wind and doing so without a set of slip rings or yaw mechanism, without the expense of tower construction. The main disadvantage is that kites and 'helicopters helicopters' come down when there is insufficient wind. Also, bad weather such as lightning or thunderstorms, could temporarily suspend use of the machines, probably requiring them to be brought back down to the ground and covered. These schemes require a long power cable and, if the turbine is high enough, an aircraft exclusion zone. As of 2008 2008, no commercial airborne wind turbines are in regular operation operation. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  13. 13. KITE GEN Scientists from TU Delft have ELECTRICITY FOR VILLAGES demonstrated that flying a 10‐ square‐meter kite could generate 10 kilowatts of power, which could supply electricity for about 10 homes. High‐flying kites tethered to generators could supply as much as 100 megawatts of electricity, enough to power 100,000 homes, according to researchers from the Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  14. 14. As project leader and professor of sustainable engineering Wubbo Ockels explains, kites generate power by pulling on their strings that are attached to generators on the ground. After reaching their maximum height, the kites are reeled back down to repeat the process. Electricity produced by kites in the wind could be inexpensive, too. The researchers predict prices to be comparable with generating electricity using coal power, and half that of using wind turbines. Sky Windpower estimate that their technology will be capable of producing electricity for $0.02 per KWh, while a system of raising a kite to a high altitude while turning a generator on the ground, and then changing its shape so that it can be drawn back down with less energy than it produced on the way up, has been estimated to be capable of producing electricity for $0.01 per KWh[4] ‐ both numbers being significantly lower than the current price of non‐subsidized g y p electricity. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  15. 15. MAGLEV WIND TURBINE Maglev Wind Turbine Technologies is proposing an interesting new approach that could replace traditional wind mills with giant wind turbines, whose blades form an almost cylindrical tower, instead of the tree‐bladed large mills used today. The design saves a lot of space and the overall efficiency is so high that the company claims one of their maglev wind turbines could produce as much electricity as 1000 standard wind mills, while requiring less than 100 acres of space. The numbers sound really good, since a field of 100 conventional wind applications often requires more than 64,000 acres and the smallest efficient configuration consists of six large mills per square kilometer on land. Renewable energy produced from the wind has garnered much attention and support in recent years but is often criticized for its low output and lack of reliability. But now a super power wind turbine has come along that may be just what the renewable energy industry needs. The MagLev wind turbine, which was first unveiled at the Wind Power Asia exhibition in Beijing, is expected take wind power technology to the next level with magnetic levitation. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  16. 16. MAGLEV Maglev (derived from magnetic levitation) is a method of propulsion that uses magnetic levitation to propel vehicles with magnets rather than with wheels, axles and bearings. With maglev, a vehicle is levitated a short distance away from a guide way using magnets to create both lift and thrust. High‐speed maglev trains promise dramatic improvements for human travel if widespread adoption occurs.[1] Maglev trains move more smoothly and somewhat more quietly than wheeled mass transit systems. Their non‐reliance on traction and friction means that acceleration and deceleration can surpass that of wheeled transports, and they are unaffected by weather. The power needed for levitation is typically not a large percentage of the overall energy A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  17. 17. PUMPED HYDRO – An Alternative Technology The other main alternative to compressed air energy storage is pumped hydro ‐ a very well established technology in which electricity generated at times of low demand is used to pump water from a low lake to a high lake. At times of peak electricity demand the water in the upper lake is released down through a turbine. Pictured above is the Sloy Power Station which uses pumped hydro technology (and was constructed many decades ago A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  18. 18. PUMPED HYDRO – AN ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGY A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  19. 19. WAVE POWER Wave power Ocean wave energy is captured directly from surface waves or from pressure fluctuations below the surface. Wave power systems convert the motion of the waves into usable mechanical energy which in lump can be used to generate electricity. Waves are caused by wind blowing on the surface of the water. Whereas tidal power relies on the mass movement of the water body, waves act as a carrier for kinetic energy generated by the wind. Technology[vii] 1. Float Or Buoy Systems that use the rise and fall of ocean swells to drive hydraulic pumps. The object can be mounted to a floating raft or to a device fixed on the ocean bed. A series of anchored buoys rise and fall with the wave. The movement is used to run an electrical generator to produce electricity which is then transmitted ashore by underwater power cables. 2. Oscillating Water Column Devices in which the in‐and‐out motion of waves at the shore enters a column and force air to turn a turbine. The column fills with water as the wave rises and empties as it descends. In the process, air inside the column is compressed and heats up, creating energy. This energy is harnessed and sent to shore by electrical cable. 3. Tapered Channel rely on a shore mounted structure to channel and concentrate the waves driving them into an elevated reservoir. Water flow out of this reservoir is used to generate electricity using standard hydropower technologies. ‐ See more at: http://www.eai.in/ref/ae/oce/oce.html#sthash.lQblrKHB.dpuf A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  20. 20. WAVE POWER The transport of energy by ocean surface waves, and the capture of that energy to do useful work — for example for electricity generation, desalination, or the pumping of water (into reservoirs). Wave power is a renewable energy source. Though often co‐mingled, wave power is distinct from the diurnal flux of tidal power and the steady gyre of ocean currents. Wave power generation is not currently a widely employed commercial technology although there have been attempts at using it since at least 1890. The world's first commercial wave farm is based in Portugal,at the Aguçadora Wave Park, which consists of three 750 kilowatt Pelamis devices. The LOPF on the 150kW scale can adjust for big tidal changes while being anchored taut with a fixed length cable. The LOPF is like a “see saw” with a heavy generator on one end and the anchor on the other. When the ocean wave gets too big the float rotates on its end and is submerged. It works great in small and large waves. Strong current or wave direction have little effect on the device. Swell Fuel has built and tested 55 ocean wave energy converter prototypes as of 11/19/08. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  21. 21. NEW-AGE WATER WHEELS HARVEST HYDROKINETIC ENERGY Canadian company is testing out a turbine in the p y g Roza Canal, just south of the Yakima Canyon. “We are creating power from moving water without the need for damming or diversions,” said Shannon Halliday, the director of business development for Instream Energy Systems. “The testing we’re doing in Roza will help us develop our next‐generation technology.” Vancouver, British Columbia‐based Instream Energy Systems worked with BAE Systems on the turbine design. They first installed their equipment in the canal last August for a monthlong test. Engineers will be back this week to put their turbine back in the canal and set up monitors to track it all summer long. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  22. 22. WAVE ENERGY The LOPF is an ocean buoy that creates electricity when lifted by an ocean wave. The most important advantage is that it is anchored taut with a fixed length cable and any upward movement of the float will activate the generator inside the device. The country's first tidal power generation project is coming up at Durgaduani Creek of the Sundarbans. The 3.75 mw capacity Durgaduani Creek tidal energy project is a technology demonstration project and will span over an area of 4.5 km. (Oct 2008 data). ‐ See more at: http://www.eai.in/ref/ae/oce/oce.html#sthash.lQblrKHB.dpuf In, 1970, the CEA had identified this tidal project in the Gulf of Kachchh in Gujarat. The investigations were formally launched in 1982. Sea bed analysis and studies for preparation of feasibility report were of highly specialized and complex nature without precedence in the country. More than twelve specialized organizations of Govt. of India and Govt. of Gujarat were involved in the field of investigations. The techno‐economic feasibility study has been completed in a very scientific and systematic y manner and the feasibility report completed in 1988. The proposed tidal power scheme envisages an installation of 900 MW project biggest in the world, located in the Hansthal Creek, 25 Kms. from Kandla Port in Distt.. Kachchh of Gujarat State. It comprises of the following: The main tidal rockfill barrage of 3.25 Km length was proposed to be constructed across Hansthal Creek which will accommodate the power house, sluice gates and navigational lock. It envisages installation of 900 MW capacity comprising of 36 geared bulb type turbo‐generators units of 25 MW each and 48 sluice gates each of 10 M. x 12 M. size would generate 1690 Gwh of energy annually. Unfortunately, this project execution has not been taken up so far because of unknown reasons. In Jan 2011, the state of Gujarat announced plans to install Asia’s first commercial‐scale tidal current power plant; the state government approved the construction of a 50 MW project in the Gulf of Kutch. ‐ See more at: h // http://www.eai.in// f/ ref// ae// oce/oce.h l html#h sthash.hl bl lQblrKHB.d f dpuf Swell Fuel has built and tested 55 ocean wave energy converter prototypes as of 11/19/08. A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  23. 23. HUGE WORLD-FIRST MAN-MADE TIDAL LAGOON Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay would be the world’s first man‐made energy‐generating lagoon The Tidal Lagoon (Swansea Bay) development group says the lagoon would provide an energy production capacity of 320 MW and would provide sustainable and predictable electricity for 120 years of operation. In addition to generating electricity, the lagoon would provide opportunities for arts, culture, education, recreation and conservation activities A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  24. 24. JET ENGINES THE INSPIRATION FOR NEW WIND POWER TECHNOLOGY Wind power has recently received a nice boost as one of the hottest forms of energy on the market. When comparing the recent market growth against all forms of energy, both renawables and non-renewables, wind turbines seem to be jumping to the head of the pack. While it still has a way to go before it catches up to solar, it is gaining ground rather quickly. Something that will help pick up the pace even further is new technology that is coming from FloDesign. Their truly unique wind turbine is actually based on the design of a jet engine instead of the traditional windmills that we see all across the country. Their concept seems to be a simple one, but it extremely effective A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS
  25. 25. We welcome additional of additional material on Tomorrow’s Technologies . Send us a mail and we shall add the same centre for application of renewable energy WEBSITE : http://www.care-india.com http://www.careindia.co.nr EMAIL : care@care-india.com windpower@live.co.uk A compilation by centre for application of renewable energy. website : http://www.care‐india.com INNOVATIONS

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