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C & P Chapt 4


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C & P Chapt 4

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Biohazardous Protocols
  2. 2. Biohazardous Protocols <ul><li>Universal Precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines established for the prevention of the spread of infectious materials. </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA (Occupational Safety & Heath Administration) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulates exposure to bloodborne pathogens in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Established 1992 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Estamates that it is 100 times more likely to be exposed to Hepatitis B than HIV/Aids. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver and can be fatal </li></ul><ul><li>It is estamated that 3 million people are infected with HIV (Humanodeficiency virus) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Universal Precautions <ul><li>The majority of those who are infected with HIV do not have visible symptoms of the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>40,000 new cases each year. </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA’s Goal </li></ul><ul><li>To be effective in the reducing the risk of infection and therefore stop the spread of blood borne disease. </li></ul>
  5. 5. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standards <ul><li>Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens, sets forth required procedures for protecting employees of any type of company, organization, or institution against accidental exposure to bloodborne pathogens. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Published in the Federal Register on December 6, 1991 & became active March 6, 1992. </li></ul>
  6. 6. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standards <ul><li>Who is covered? </li></ul><ul><li>My school? YES! </li></ul><ul><li>If your school has employees who, in the course of the work, can reasonably be expected to come into contact with human blood, certain body fluids, or infectious waste, the school MUST comply. </li></ul>
  7. 7. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standards <ul><li>At a School who is at Risk? </li></ul><ul><li>The Athletic Trainers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephanie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ayleen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Me </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School Nurses </li></ul><ul><li>Coaches </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Custodians </li></ul><ul><li>Student Athletic Trainers </li></ul>
  8. 8. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standards <ul><li>At a School who is at Risk? </li></ul><ul><li>Game officials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are hired by the school to work the event. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standards <ul><li>7 Standards: </li></ul><ul><li>Scope (identifies employees) </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure control plan (a written, site-specific plan outlining the steps to be taken to minimize employee exposure) </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of compliance (written procedures on how to control exposure) </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccinations & medical evaluations (outlines Hepatitis B vaccination requirements & post exposure medical evaluation & follow-up) </li></ul>
  10. 10. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standards <ul><li>7 Standards: </li></ul><ul><li>Information & training </li></ul><ul><li>Record Keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Dates (schedule of implementation) </li></ul><ul><li>No guidelines supersede the OSHA standard, unless those guidelines are more stringent than OSHA policy. </li></ul>