Deadball

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Deadball

  1. 1. Dead Ball Era 1900-1919 Causes Strategy Players Stadiums Tobacco Cards
  2. 2. Causes <ul><li>Foul Strike Rule- Foul balls now count as Strikes </li></ul><ul><li>Dead Baseball- Baseballs had a dead center until 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>Spit Ball- Pitchers spat on the ball, causing one side to spin faster than the other. The ball would move erratically </li></ul><ul><li>Emery Ball- Discovered in 1913 by Russ Ford, pitchers would create dents to cause the ball to fly erratically </li></ul>Famous Spitballer Burleigh Grimes Emery Ball Discoverer Russ Ford
  3. 3. Small Ball Strategy <ul><li>The prototypical player was smart, fast, and had great bat control </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the difficulty of scoring runs, teams would bunt, steal, and hit and run to play for a one run inning. </li></ul><ul><li>The Baltimore Chop- a strategy masterminded by then-Baltimore manager John McGraw. The hitter would hit the ball straight down to the dirt in front of home, hoping to get a high bounce and reach first base safely </li></ul>
  4. 4. Trends 1.4-2.5 Errors 0.5-0.9 Complete Games 0.4-0.6 Triples 1.1-1.4 Stolen Bases 0.1-0.2 Homeruns 3.5-4.5 Runs Per Game Category
  5. 5. Trends <ul><li>With the adoption of the foul strike rule, runs and homeruns decreased until the 1911 invention of the cork-centered baseball. Runs and Homeruns increased for a two year period, but with the discovery of the emery ball, runs and homeruns returned to normal dead ball levels </li></ul><ul><li>Stolen Bases have throughout history been inversely related to homeruns. Stolen bases were high until the 1911 cork ball invention, and returned to high levels when homeruns returned to lower levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout the history of baseball, stolen bases have been increasingly less popular, with the exception of the late seventies and eighties, when homerun totals were down </li></ul><ul><li>Triples were highest in the dead ball era due to spacious ball parks and the ground-rule triple. Errors were highest due to the sub-par fielding gloves. Complete Games also have decreased drastically since the dead ball era </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ty Cobb 4189 Hits- 2 nd All-Time 892 SB- 4 th All-Time .367 BA- 1 st All-Time 23 consecutive seasons hitting over .300 Honus Wagner OF SS 3415 Hits- 8 th All-Time 722 SB .327 BA 17 consecutive seasons hitting over .300 Best Fielding Shortstop
  7. 7. Nap Lajoie Tris Speaker .426 BA in 1901- AL Record 3242 Hits- 13 th All-Time .338 BA- 21 st All-Time 2B OF 3514 Hits- 5 th All-Time .345 BA- 6 th All-Time
  8. 8. Cy Young Walter Johnson 511 Wins- 1 st All-Time 749 CG- 1 st All-Time 2803 Strikeouts-19 th All-Time 2.63 ERA- 57 th All-Time 7354.2 IP 417 Wins- 2nd All-Time 531 CG- 4th All-Time 3509 Strikeouts- 9th All-Time 2.17 ERA- 11th All-Time Starting Pitchers
  9. 9. Christy Mathewson Grover Alexander 373 Wins- 3 rd All-Time 437 CG- 13 th All-Time 2198 Strikeouts- 49 th All-Time 2.56 ERA- 48 th All-Time 373 Wins- 3rd All-Time 434 CG- 14th All-Time 2502 Strikeouts 29th All-Time 2.13 ERA- 8th All-Time Starting Pitchers
  10. 10. Stadiums <ul><li>Polo Grounds </li></ul><ul><li>New York Giants </li></ul><ul><li>New York Yankees </li></ul>Ebbets Field Brooklyn Dodgers Sportsman’s Park St. Louis Browns Baseball Parks had deep centerfield fences, often 500 feet away from home. Fences down the lines were under 300 feet, while the gaps were over 400 feet. These stadiums were partially responsible for the utilization of small ball strategy Housed 20,000 fans and were the first ballparks to be built with steel
  11. 11. Other Parks <ul><li>Fenway Park </li></ul><ul><li>Crosley Field </li></ul><ul><li>Shibe Park </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tobacco Cards <ul><li>Inserted in American Tobacco Company Cigarette Packages to boost sales </li></ul><ul><li>16 different backs corresponding to different brands </li></ul><ul><li>523 cards </li></ul><ul><li>1 7/16” X 2 5/8” </li></ul><ul><li>Honus Wagner- Best Condition Sold for 2.35 million </li></ul><ul><li>Wagner was personally opposed to smoking, so he wanted his cards removed from circulation, so very few survived. </li></ul>
  13. 13. End of an Era <ul><li>The spitball was banned, swinging the advantage to hitters </li></ul><ul><li>After the fatal beaning of Indians’ shortstop Ray Chapman, multiple baseballs were used in each game, resulting in increased visibility for batters </li></ul><ul><li>Babe Ruth introduced the upper cut swing and made homerun hitting popular </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>http://andrew.appelbaum.googlepages.com/home </li></ul>

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