Commas rws 305 w sp 2012

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  • Commas rws 305 w sp 2012

    1. 1. COMMAS: TWO COMMON PROBLEMS AND HOW TO FIX THEM Cara Owens RWS 305W Spring 2012
    2. 2. “There is nothing much to punctuating a sentence,really, beyand a little comma sense. Get the commasright, and the rest will fall into place.” PatriciaO’Conner, Woe is I.
    3. 3. TWO COMMA USESUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined byany of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. She was late to class, and the quiz was already over.Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words thatcome before the part of the sentence. Since she was late to class, she missed the quiz.
    4. 4. PROBLEM #1: THE COMMA SPLICE“A comma splice results when a comma is placedbetween two independent clauses without thenecessary link of a coordinating conjunction.” KarenElizabeth Gordon, The Deluxe Intransitive Vampire.Note: When I see comma splices, I also see studentstrying to write more complex sentences, which is agood thing
    5. 5. STUDENT COMMA SPLICEI was on such an adrenaline rush, I think I just stopped thinking fora minute and began walking towards the back stage.Note that there are two independent clauses (two sentences) that are joined withjust a comma.We can fix this by using a coordinating conjunction.
    6. 6. COMPOUND SENTENCE GRAPHIC for and norSentence, but sentence. or yet so
    7. 7. COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS: FANBOYSFor, So Show a cause and effect relationship.And Joins things or ideas that are alike or similar, implies a continuation ofthought.But,Yet Shows a contrasting thought.Or Indicates a choice between ideas.Nor Continues a negative thought.
    8. 8. Now take a few minutes to fix the sentence using acoordinating conjunction:I was on such an adrenaline rush, I think I just stopped thinking fora minute and began walking towards the back stage.
    9. 9. STUDENT SAMPLE #2
    10. 10. STUDENT SAMPLE #2I was wrong, this was the calm before the storm.
    11. 11. STUDENT SAMPLE #2I was wrong, this was the calm before the storm.In many cases, you can fix a comma splice by justmaking two sentences.
    12. 12. STUDENT SAMPLE #2I was wrong, this was the calm before the storm.In many cases, you can fix a comma splice by justmaking two sentences.I was wrong. This was the calm before the storm.
    13. 13. STUDENT SAMPLE #2 I was wrong, this was the calm before the storm In many cases, you can fix a comma splice by ju making two sentences. I was wrong. This was the calm before the stor
    14. 14. PROBLEM #2: NO COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY ELEMENT“If a sentence begins with a phrase or clause ortransition, you probably need a comma to separate itfrom the indepent clause that follows. In otherwords, use a comma after an introduction or opener.When I see this mistake, I know that students are atleast trying to write complex sentences! Again, a goodthing.
    15. 15. COMMON SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONSAlthough, after, as when, while, unless, before,because, if, and since.
    16. 16. STUDENT SAMPLES
    17. 17. STUDENT SAMPLESWhere does the comma go in the followingsentences?
    18. 18. STUDENT SAMPLESWhere does the comma go in the followingsentences?After filling the car up with gas it was time to hit the road.
    19. 19. STUDENT SAMPLESWhere does the comma go in the followingsentences?After filling the car up with gas it was time to hit the road.Without head-lights and cabin lights on in the car we couldn’t see the person next tous.
    20. 20. STUDENT SAMPLESWhere does the comma go in the followingsentences?After filling the car up with gas it was time to hit the road.Without head-lights and cabin lights on in the car we couldn’t see the person next tous.Feeling a bit shy I was ready to make my way into the bar and get some liquidcourage in me.
    21. 21. STUDENT SAMPLESWhere does the comma go in the followingsentences?After filling the car up with gas it was time to hit the road.Without head-lights and cabin lights on in the car we couldn’t see the person next tous.Feeling a bit shy I was ready to make my way into the bar and get some liquidcourage in me.When we got to the airport I was calling him like crazy to see where he was.
    22. 22. STUDENT SAMPLESWhere does the comma go in the followingsentences?After filling the car up with gas it was time to hit the road.Without head-lights and cabin lights on in the car we couldn’t see the person next tous.Feeling a bit shy I was ready to make my way into the bar and get some liquidcourage in me.When we got to the airport I was calling him like crazy to see where he was.
    23. 23. STUDENT SAMPLESWhere does the comma go in the followingsentences?After filling the car up with gas it was time to hit the road.Without head-lights and cabin lights on in the car we couldn’t see the person next tous.Feeling a bit shy I was ready to make my way into the bar and get some liquidcourage in me.When we got to the airport I was calling him like crazy to see where he was.

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