SOLAR DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Niyant Singh, EXTC branch , Bharati vidyapeeth college of engineering.
WHY I CHOSE THIS TOPIC (OBJECTIVES) <ul><li>Primarily this project aims to educate and explain people about the emerging solar field in India . </li></ul><ul><li>Humans are realizing need of Renewable energy sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Global warming and Rising Oil prices have added to the need. </li></ul><ul><li>India needs Renewable energy option more than ever and has the potential . </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development is easy and can be undertaken on large scale by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>To emphasize on the use and development of various solar products. </li></ul>
HYDRO: FALLING WATER SOLAR THERMAL: SOLAR TO HEAT PHOTOVOLTAICS: SOLAR TO ELECTRICITY GEOTHERMAL: EARTH ENERGY BIOMASS : CROPS, FOREST-AGRO RESIDUES WIND: MOVING AIR MASSES OCEAN: TIDES AND WAVES TYPES OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
Lehrter station, Berlin, 3311 m 2 Stand alone system, Bolivia 1.2 km sound barrier, A92 motorway, Germany PHOTOVOLTAICS Wesco Court, UK 41 sheltered houses
An individual PV cell typically produces between 1 and 2 watts of Power. TURNING SUNLIGHT INTO ELECTRICITY <ul><li>Three types of Cells: </li></ul><ul><li>Cytstalline Silicon (c-si) </li></ul><ul><li>least cost </li></ul><ul><li>Amorphous(thin film)( a-si) medium cost </li></ul><ul><li>Organic Cells (Foldable) </li></ul><ul><li>Costly </li></ul>
The stand-alone system (a) uses battery storage to provide dependable dc electricity day and night. Even for a home connected to the utility grid (b), PV can produce electricity during the day (converted to ac through the power conditioner Balance of system
<ul><li>One of the simplest is the PV/battery systems . </li></ul><ul><li>The PV panel generates electricity and stores it in the battery for any use </li></ul><ul><li>Most Successful </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Homes can be powered by PV systems..along with little Grid electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Also when not in use Electricity can be sold to the grid </li></ul>HOW IS PHOTOVOLTAICS USED BY US?
<ul><li>Use grid-connected PV array mounted on the roof for business and corporate environment </li></ul><ul><li>Such as a Vehicle charging station, </li></ul><ul><li>Generate MW power to send to small area homes. </li></ul><ul><li>Being really done in Gujrat and West Bengal (2 MW). </li></ul><ul><li>Or put electricity into existing grid !! </li></ul>
Hybrid power systems combine a number of electricity production and storage pieces to meet the energy demand. Such as this , PV arrays, wind turbines, Battery and generators can be Combined.
Solar Cooking OTHER APPLICATIONS AND USES Water Heating Concentrated Solar Power Plants
The ‘Perfect Storm’ in Electricity Rising Energy Costs Greenhouse Gas Emissions Demand for Renewable Generation Technology Growth in Demand Exceeds Supply Ageing Electricity Grid, Nears Overcapacity
Solar panel on roof of vehicle Charge controller (with option of Another load) Lead acid battery Communication equipment Solar Police Project 1 (29/02/09) Other Load !!!
Cost saving analysis The Police Vehicle where we did the project Requirement for the system Present system ( Rs.) Solar Charging system ( Rs.) Spare Battery 6500.00 Nil Electrical Charging system 3500.00 Nil 8 hour charge electricity consumption 25.00 Nil Man-hour to replace/ change/ charge the batteries 2 hrs X Rs. 250 500.00 Nil Cost of system ----- 4500.00 Total 10525 4500
The 74 !!! Watts C-si solar module The police Communication Repeater station at Fanaswadi (near C.B.D) Solar Project 2 (29/02/09) Lead Acid Heavy duty Batteries A Morning star quality and program controlled charge controller(with Options of any battery)
The battery-house of one of the solar plants A teashop using PV panel The West Bengal government runs two solar power plants of 55 kW and 110 kW capacities on the island Island in the Sun Islands in West Bengals Sundarbans have jumped from kerosene to solar A solar lamp lights up the jetty every evening
Sun and the City Hot water: Magarpatta City, a township in Pune has installed 5,262 solar plates on its apartment blocks for Rs 10 crore. The system saves 1.06 kWh of power, amounting to cost savings of Rs 4.27 crore a year. Residents are charged 15000 extra for the system Powerful colony: A colony in kolkata The roof of each bungalow is actually an array of 16 PV modules of 125 W each, making a 2 kW system.
Situations Vacant Jobs worldwide in Solar sector in future years (source: (EPIA) European photovoltaic industry association) 2010 2015 2030 Installation 166,518 486,219 2,770,569 Production 47,306 128,121 524,729 Wholesaler 14,192 38,436 157,419 Research 6,150 16,656 68,215 Supply 17,740 48,045 196,773 Total 251,906 117,477 3,717,705
Moser Baer, the largest Indian company engaged in the manufacture of PV cells, is at the top of Indian efforts to harvest solar power. Made in India Moser Baer and The Barefoot College are at opposite ends, but they’re both doing their bit to spread solar technology. The Barefoot College in Tilonia, Rajasthan, run by an NGO, is emerging as a hub for solar systems manufacture, installation and training
The poor can’t pay Rs 13,520 in one go for a 35 W solar home lighting system. But they can pay Rs.200 a month <ul><li>Nearly 76 million rural households in India don’t have access to electricity. </li></ul><ul><li>Solar power has proved very successful through standalone SHS (Solar Home Lighting system) or mini grids in such places. </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Cookers and Water heaters are more successful here. </li></ul>Rural India on Solar Energy
<ul><li>Renewable Resource For the planet </li></ul><ul><li>Silent </li></ul><ul><li>Non-polluting </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Installation </li></ul><ul><li>Can be put anywhere when and where need arises </li></ul>WHY USE SOLAR ENERGY? (Advantages)
<ul><li>Least Maintenance : will operate reliably for several years with little or no maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Little upkeep and minimal operating cost. </li></ul>
With Daniel and Matthew's new catalyst, homeowners could use their solar panels during the day to power their home, while also using the energy to split water into hydrogen and oxygen for storage. At night, the stored hydrogen and oxygen could be recombined using a fuel cell to generate power while the solar panels are inactive MIT Reasearches on new Storage options for Solar
Solar Cars!! The new solar car, called Eleanor can run all day at a steady speed of 90 kmph. It uses 580 silicon solar cells that generate 1,200 watts . This power is stored in a 32-kg Li-ion battery. The NUNA 3 .The then fastest Solar powered car (Australia)
Paper thin Organic Solar cells (carry them anywhere.)