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14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 1
FIRES NEED 3 THINGS TO
START
• Oxygen (Air)
• Fuel (any
material that will
burn)
• Heat (sparks,
matches, flames)
14/01/20...
Classes of Fire
• Class A
• wood, cloth, paper, cardboard
• Class B
• flammable or combustible liquids, gases
• Class C
• ...
Fire Tetrahedron
• Consists of 4 sides
Oxygen Fuel
Heat Chain of Reaction
14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 4
Common Types of Fire ExtinguishersCommon Types of Fire Extinguishers
WaterWater
DDrryy CChheemmiiccaall
CCOO22 andand H...
Major Causes of Fires
• Carelessness with
smoking and matches
• Misuse of electricity
(overloading a circuit or
overuse of...
EQUIPMENT
Faulty equipment and the improper use of
equipment are major causes of fire in any
facilities.
14/01/2008 Capt R...
EQUIPMENT
Clean lint and grease from laundry
and cooking equipment, ventilator
hoods, filters, and ducts on a regular
bas...
EXTENSION CORDS
• Avoid using extension
cords whenever possible
• Do not exceed specified
amperage
• Do not run extension
...
GENERAL FIRE SAFETY
Keep combustibles away from heat
producing devices.
Prevent sparks in areas where
oxygen is used.
C...
GENERAL FIRE SAFETY
Keep maintenance and storage areas clean
and free of trash, sawdust, oily rags, etc.
Keep halls and ...
GENERAL FIRE SAFETY
Never prop open emergency doors.
Fire doors not only let people out,
they keep fire from spreading.
1...
In the event of a fire, stay calm
and RACE…
• R-rescue any patient
in immediate danger
• A-pull the alarm and
notify other...
TYPES OF FIRE
EXTINGUISHERS
• Pressurized water
extinguishers (Class A
fires only)
• Dry Chemical
extinguishers (ABC or
BC...
Using a portable fire
extinguisher: PASS
• Keep your back to
the exit and stand
10-20 feet away
from the fire
• P-Pull the...
Exit DoorsExit Doors
 Must be able to open from theMust be able to open from the
inside at all times without keys,inside ...
Exit MarkingExit Marking
 Each exit must be clearlyEach exit must be clearly
visible and marked withvisible and marked wi...
Fire Evacuation Plan
14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 18
Fire Extinguisher Inspection
• Inspect monthly to ensure
• Proper location and it is accessible
• Discharge nozzle or horn...
In Case of Fire or Smoke
• Call 100,101 first
• Activate the fire alarm
• Alert others
• Evacuate the building
• Meet at A...
Remember theRemember the
PASS word:PASS word:
** Keep your back toKeep your back to
a clear escape routea clear escape rou...
After the Fire is Out
• Once the fire is extinguished,
exit the building
• Recharge or replace any used
extinguishers
• Ma...
Be Ready for known
• Get Trained and be fire safety ready.
• Get your office/society/organization
employees be trained to ...
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Basic fire safety

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We all should know the basic of Fire safety. The simple method will save life of our dear ones. we should conduct regular training and use the fire extinguisher. As per factory act and Shop and establishment act also it is mandatory to have operational fire safety equipment. IS 2190 lay down the proper use, maintenance or fire Extinguishers.

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Basic fire safety

  1. 1. 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 1
  2. 2. FIRES NEED 3 THINGS TO START • Oxygen (Air) • Fuel (any material that will burn) • Heat (sparks, matches, flames) 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 2
  3. 3. Classes of Fire • Class A • wood, cloth, paper, cardboard • Class B • flammable or combustible liquids, gases • Class C • energized electrical equipment • Class D • combustible metal, chemical reaction • Class K • vegetable oils, animal oils, or fats 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 3
  4. 4. Fire Tetrahedron • Consists of 4 sides Oxygen Fuel Heat Chain of Reaction 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 4
  5. 5. Common Types of Fire ExtinguishersCommon Types of Fire Extinguishers WaterWater DDrryy CChheemmiiccaall CCOO22 andand HHaalloonn 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 5
  6. 6. Major Causes of Fires • Carelessness with smoking and matches • Misuse of electricity (overloading a circuit or overuse of extension cords) • Improper rubbish disposal • Improper storage of flammables (such as gasoline) • Arson14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 6
  7. 7. EQUIPMENT Faulty equipment and the improper use of equipment are major causes of fire in any facilities. 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 7
  8. 8. EQUIPMENT Clean lint and grease from laundry and cooking equipment, ventilator hoods, filters, and ducts on a regular basis. Check for and report any cracked or split cords or plugs on the equipment used. 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 8
  9. 9. EXTENSION CORDS • Avoid using extension cords whenever possible • Do not exceed specified amperage • Do not run extension cords across doorways or anywhere they can be stepped on • DO not plug one extension cord into another and never plug more than one extension cord into an outlet14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 9
  10. 10. GENERAL FIRE SAFETY Keep combustibles away from heat producing devices. Prevent sparks in areas where oxygen is used. Cap and store combustible liquids properly. 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 10
  11. 11. GENERAL FIRE SAFETY Keep maintenance and storage areas clean and free of trash, sawdust, oily rags, etc. Keep halls and stairways clear. Be sure that EXIT signs are always lighted and that emergency lighting is in working order. 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 11
  12. 12. GENERAL FIRE SAFETY Never prop open emergency doors. Fire doors not only let people out, they keep fire from spreading. 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 12 • Read the instruction of use if You are new to fire system. • Get regular Training
  13. 13. In the event of a fire, stay calm and RACE… • R-rescue any patient in immediate danger • A-pull the alarm and notify other employees of the location and type of fire • C-contain the fire by closing doors and windows • E-extinguish the fire or evacuate the area14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 13
  14. 14. TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS • Pressurized water extinguishers (Class A fires only) • Dry Chemical extinguishers (ABC or BC) • Carbon dioxide extinguishers (Class B and C) • Foam (or AFFF and FFFP) extinguishers • Class D extinguishers 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 14
  15. 15. Using a portable fire extinguisher: PASS • Keep your back to the exit and stand 10-20 feet away from the fire • P-Pull the pin • A-Aim low • S-Squeeze • S-Sweep from side to side 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 15
  16. 16. Exit DoorsExit Doors  Must be able to open from theMust be able to open from the inside at all times without keys,inside at all times without keys, toolstools  Device such as a panic bar thatDevice such as a panic bar that locks only from the outside islocks only from the outside is permittedpermitted  Must be free of any device orMust be free of any device or alarm that could restrictalarm that could restrict emergency use if the device oremergency use if the device or alarm failsalarm fails 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 16
  17. 17. Exit MarkingExit Marking  Each exit must be clearlyEach exit must be clearly visible and marked withvisible and marked with an “Exit” signan “Exit” sign  Each exit route door mustEach exit route door must be free of decorations orbe free of decorations or signs that obscure thesigns that obscure the visibility of the doorvisibility of the door 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 17
  18. 18. Fire Evacuation Plan 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 18
  19. 19. Fire Extinguisher Inspection • Inspect monthly to ensure • Proper location and it is accessible • Discharge nozzle or horn is not obstructed, cracked or dirty • Operating instructions on the nameplate are legible • Lock pins and tamper seals are in place • Full and ready for use • Has an inspection tag 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 19
  20. 20. In Case of Fire or Smoke • Call 100,101 first • Activate the fire alarm • Alert others • Evacuate the building • Meet at Assembly point site • Practice Onsite Emergency Plan. 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 20
  21. 21. Remember theRemember the PASS word:PASS word: ** Keep your back toKeep your back to a clear escape routea clear escape route,, ** Stand back 6 to 8Stand back 6 to 8 feet from the fire,feet from the fire, ** PASSPASS P.A.S.S. PULL AIM SQUEEZE SWEEP Using a Fire Extinguisher 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 21
  22. 22. After the Fire is Out • Once the fire is extinguished, exit the building • Recharge or replace any used extinguishers • Maintain your fire Extinguisher As Per IS 2190 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 22
  23. 23. Be Ready for known • Get Trained and be fire safety ready. • Get your office/society/organization employees be trained to handle emergencies. • Capt. Rajeshwar Singh • Solar@suryaprakash.in • Youtube.com/captrsingh 14/01/2008 Capt Rajeshwar Singh 23

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