Cape sociology poverty and social development

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Cape sociology poverty and social development

  1. 1. CAPE Sociology Unit Two Poverty and Social Development Categories of the Poor 1. The elderly, women children and youth: Feminists have stated that poverty is feminized. Women are more vulnerable to poverty because they have little control over resources, the conditions under which they obtain these resources as well as the degree of responsibility that they have for the welfare of others. There is hidden poverty because women are more likely to feed others before themselves when little food is available (Barnard and Burgess). In the Caribbean women are often marginalized through sexual discrimination in the work place. This has far reaching effects not only on the women but n those who depend on them which are typically their children and the elderly. When women suffer from social injustice the effect is passed on to the children and the elderly since the Caribbean is largely characterized by female-headed households.(Mohammed 2007) As a consequence , the children may find it difficult to break from the cycle of poverty. 2. Single-parent families: One of the significant trends in the Caribbean is the single-parent female headed households. The explanation given in the section-the elderly, women, children and youth- has given a background of the effect that poverty has on the single parent household 3. Indigenous people: Contemporary Caribbean society has a number of indigenous peoples which live in various islands these include: the Garifuna, Kekci and Mopan of Belize as well as the Carib, Arekuna and Waiwai of Guyana. All of these people are marginalized in their countries since they do not have the economic and political power of the other inhabitants of their nations. They are most likely to subjected to and affected by poverty since they and their culture are thought to be inferior. The Indigenous people of the Caribbean tend to live in poverty because they tend to be isolated; lack proper amenities marry early and have large families. Few of them have access to education because it may involve travel and living expenses which may be too expensive for the family. In addition indigenous people are most often ostracized and discriminated against in their societies so they find it difficult to find jobs. The poverty cycle therefore continues (Mohammed 2007).

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