Meeting the needs of Children and FamiliesBy: Josephine Calderon
Maria● 16 year old● a single mother with a 4 month old baby● lost family from the attack and managed to escaped● now living alone with her baby
Special needs of the child and the mother... ● Maria who is deaf ● Her 4 month old baby was diagnosed and she was told that her baby is also deaf.
DeafnessAccording to the class notes about Children with Physical Challenges● Difficulty in communication, interpretation of feelings, emotion, and acquiring cognitive skills● Increased used if the senses● Can still live active, normal lives
Continuation....According to the study of MedBroadcast Clinical Teamhttp://chealth.canoe.ca/channel_condition_info_details.asp?channel_id=165&relation_id=1762&disease_id=152&page_no=1 ● Indication of deafness in young children include not responding to noises, responding slowly or not learning to speak by the expected age ● Late development in motor skills and coordination or learning how to balance, crawl, or walk
Continuation....According to the study of MedBroadcast Clinical Team(http://chealth.canoe.ca/channel_condition_info_details.asp?channel_id=165&relation_id=1762&disease_id=152&page_no=1) ● Indication of deafness in young children include not responding to noises, responding slowly or not learning to speak by the expected age ● Late development in motor skills and coordination or learning how to balance, crawl, or walk
Continuation....● Impact of Hearing loss● Language development delays● Isolation , feeling of loneliness● Excluded from communication● Limited access to services● Frustration
Continuation....Causes of Child’s hearing loss● Genetics● Noise● Problems during birth – not getting enough oxygen (oxygen deprivation) and or getting hurt during birth.● Infections during pregnancy (sensor neural hearing loss)● Infection in the mother at birth
Helping strategies for families and children within the child care settingFor families:● Training for parents how to communicate with their children who is deaf by teaching them some basic sign language.● Provide sign languages strategies such as books to help them learn to communicate using sign languages● Provide community based services that help families who are deaf.● Have another ECE staff member that knows sign languages.
Continuation....● Educate other ECE staff on how to help families and children with special needs specifically children who have hearing problems and maintaining professional communication with the families.● Positive and open communication with families.For children:● Teach children sign languages● Using pictures with words during interactions with children● Use body language, facial expression and eye contact when communicating with children who are deaf.
Continuation....● To get the children attention turn the lights off and on or by using waving hands●● Babies and toddlers who are deaf to get their attention watch them play, wait until they look up, then move hands, sign near the object that the child is looking at and then bring your hands to your face.●● Or take a toy move it in front of the baby’s face then bring the toy to your face.
Continuation....● Play games that do not need the use of hearing like musical chair instead of music you can turn off and on the lights and board like snake and ladder● To give instruction to children who are deaf use cards with words that are easier for them to understand and pictures to help them follow rules.● When a child is upset and crying look if there are any cuts or injuries, or take the child to another quitter place to help him/her calm. Do not speak the child won’t understand
Continuation....Environment:● Hang up posters with sign languages phrases●● Variety of books that includes children in the stories with special needs●● Putting labels with pictures in the child care to help children and families know where to put stuffs such as toys, bags and understand what to do like posting on the wall saying, “No peanuts allowed” or “Please no boots are allowed inside the classroom” including pictures.
Giving voice to children who are deafAccording to Jennifer Fenn, “Approximately one out of every 1,000 to2,000 babies is born deaf.”(http://www.ehow.com/facts_5199696_many-people-born-deaf_.html)Early treatment will help young children develop social skills, hearingaids and cochlear implants are also very helpful for young children todevelop their language, intellectual, fine/gross motor skills andemotional skills.VIDEO :http://health.unrisd.net/23876/Giving_Voice_to_Deaf_Children.html
Community Agencies (http://www2.bobrumball.org/content/1/104/Contact)● Promote independence, dignity and individuality for Deaf seniors● Help Deaf people with developmental disabilities, mental health challenges or other special needs become contributing members of society and reach their highest potential● Provide a positive learning environment and strong foundation of knowledge and skills for Deaf, deafened and hard of hearing learners● Create awareness of the Deaf Community and reduce barriers to communication by offering hearing individuals experience with a new language (American Sign Language)
Continuation...● Offer an inclusive environment where Deaf children can enjoy a summer camp without communication barriersMailing Address:2395 Bayview AvenueToronto, ON M2L 1A2(416) 449-9651 VOICE(416) 449-2728 TTY(416) 449-8881 FAXE-mail: email@example.com
SERVICES:(http://www2.bobrumball.org/content/3/64/Educational+Programs)Adult Education Program:● Provides a positive learning environment that assists Deaf, deafened and hard of hearing learners to reach their full academic, emotional and social potential.● Offer Employment Services for the Deaf to permanent residents, immigrants, refugees, and individuals involved with the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP).
Continuation....Parent-Infant Program● The Parent-Infant program, funded by the City of Toronto Children’s Services, offers a unique program to families of children with an identified hearing loss.● The children participate in interactive and imaginative communication based activities, sensory stimulation, early learning opportunities, and early literacy activities that promote school readiness and positive emotional and social development.
Continuation....● Staff are on hand to help parents implement learning strategies, and work towards achieving goals for their children with regards to communication, behaviour, cognitive and academic skills.Contact:Rosary KwakEarly Development Specialist(416) 449-9651 ext. 105email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Continuation....Sign Language Services: ● Provides American Sign Language instruction to the hearing community, including infants, youth and adults. Their classes and camps aim to create awareness of the Deaf community, its culture and language while helping to reduce the barriers of communication experienced by Deaf individuals.● A variety of classes and camps are offered throughout the year for adults, youth and infants. FEE: $200 included DVD and workbook to help adults who are deaf to learn sign languages.
Silent Voice Canada (http://silentvoice.ca/about-us/)● Silent Voice is a not-for-profit charitable organization founded in 1975. The only organization in the GTA offering community and family-based support to deaf children and adults in American Sign Language(ASL).● They provide social-recreational programs in ASL for deaf children and their hearing brothers and sisters and teaches hearing family members the language of ASL. Also, in partnership with other organizations, they offer special assistance and outreach services to disadvantaged deaf adults living in the community.
Continuation....Cost:Families are charged a registration fee of $100.00. Subsidies are availableupon request.Agencies are asked to contact the office directly for referral costs.Registration:http://silentvoice.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/fcp_intake_form_revised.pdfContact information: 50 St. Claire Ave EastSuite 300Toronto, ONM4T 1M9416-463-1104 (Voice)416-463-3928 (TTY)416-778-1876 (fax)email@example.com
References:Meeting the needs of Children with Special Needs Assignment Package Case Studies (2013)Children with Physical Challenges class notes (January 22, 2013)Fenn, Jennifer. "How Many People Are Born Deaf? | eHow.com." eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More- Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013.<http://www.ehow.com/facts_5199696_many-people-born-deaf_.html>."Hearing Loss and Deafness - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Ear Health - C-Health." C-Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013. <http://chealth.canoe.ca/channel_condition_info_details.asp?channel_id=165&relation_id=1762&disease_id=152&page_no=1>." Raising Deaf Kids ." Raising Deaf Kids . N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013.<http://www.raisingdeafkids.org/hearingloss/causes/#infection>."Crate Designs - your source for the best value in lifetime, casual furniture." Crate Designs - yoursource for the best value in lifetime, casual furniture. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2013.<http://www.crate.ca/links.htm>.Rumball Organization - http://www2.bobrumball.org/Silent Voice Canada - http://silentvoice.ca/about-us/