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  1. 1. Major Depression<br />
  2. 2. WHAT IS A DEPRESSION?<br />A mental disorder characterized by low mood accompanied by low self esteem, and loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities<br />
  3. 3. Some symptoms of depression include:<br />-loss of interest<br />-lack of sleep<br />-feeling of hopeless and helpless<br />-can’t control negative thoughts<br />-thinking life is not worth living<br />-loss of appetite or can’t stop eating<br />-irritable<br />-lack of concentration<br />What are some symptoms?<br />
  4. 4. There are many causes of depression such as loss of loved one or traumatizing event. Experts believe that depression is caused by a combination of biological,. Psychological and social factor<br />What causes depression?<br />
  5. 5. Depression in women<br />Rate of depression in women are twice as high are in man. This is partly due to hormonal factors, particularly when it comes to premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual dysphonic disorder, postpartum depression and premenopausal depression<br />
  6. 6. Depression in men<br />Men associate depression with weakness and excessive emotion. Depressed men are less likely than women to acknowledge feelings of self-loathing and hopelessness. They tend to complain about fatigue, irritability, sleep problems and loss of interest<br />
  7. 7. Depressionin teens<br />Irritability is frequently the predominant symptoms in depressed teens. A depressed teens may be hostile, grumpy or easily lose his or her temper. If left untreated it can lead to problems at home, school, drug abuse, and even suicide<br />
  8. 8. Depression in elderly<br />Many older adults face, such as loss of independence and health problem can lead to depression without strong support system. Older adults complain more about physical rather than the emotional signs of depression. <br />
  9. 9. Because major depression is not rare disorder there are plenty of options to choose from. Some of them are<br /><ul><li>Interpersonal psychotherapy
  10. 10. Dynamic psychotherapy
  11. 11. Many anti-depressant </li></ul>Treatments<br />
  12. 12. Interpersonal Therapy is based on the theory that disturbed social and personal relationships can cause or precipitate depression. The illness, in turn, may make these relationships more problematic. It helps the patient understand his or her illness and how depression and interpersonal issues are related.<br />Interpersonal psychotherapy <br />
  13. 13. Dynamic Psychotherapy is based on the premise that human behavior is determined by one's past experience (particularly in childhood), genetic endowment and current life events. It recognizes the significant effects of emotions, unconscious conflicts and drives on human behavior.<br />Dynamic psychotherapy<br />
  14. 14. Studies have show that antidepressant therapy for major depression can dramatically reduce suicide rates  and hospitalization rates. Unfortunately, very few suicide victims receive antidepressant in adequate doses, , and - even worse - most receive no treatment. The SSRI antidepressant, escitalopram, fluoxtine, paroxetine, fluvoxamine, sertraline, are considered excellent choices as the patient's first antidepressant because of their low incidence of side-effects (especially weight gain) and their low lethality if taken in an overdose. All SSRI antidepressants are equally effective.for depression whatsoever.<br />Anti-depressant <br />
  15. 15. Depressive disorders affect approximately 18.8 million American adults or about 9.5% of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year. This includes major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, and bipolar disorder<br />Everyone, will at some time in their life be affected by depression -- their own or someone else's, according to Australian Government statistics. (Depression statistics in Australia are comparable to those of the US and UK.<br />Depression statistic<br />
  16. 16. It all started when I was a senior in high school. Senior year is suppose to be the most fun. Then something that changed my life drastically happened. Some girl posted a notes in the bathroom calling me names. If others had to go through it, they would just forget about it, but it was not the case for me. It changed my life. <br />
  17. 17. For days I couldn’t get out of bed. I was just so humiliated. I could not go to school and avoided all the worrying calls that my friends made. I didn’t know it was a disorder. I had no idea how it could affect my life. My family even thought it was a phase I am going through. But more and more I felt my life changing…<br />
  18. 18. Because I wasn’t aware of this disorder, it was effecting me more. I lost my appetite. I lost my friends. I couldn’t get out of bed. I also didn’t do anything. I just stayed in my room just thinking about how my life is useless. Like I said before, I had no idea it was depression.<br />
  19. 19. My mom got so worried that she decided to send me to see a therapist. I went to the therapist and found out that I have major depression disorder. I didn’t know what to do at first and asked him what I had to do to change my life. He put me on anti-depressant and told me to keep up with it. Though I was willing to improve, I abused the pills. <br />
  20. 20. I began to take the pills uncontrollably. I felt better when I did. When they wore out, I was more miserable than before. When I thought they are suppose to make me feel better about myself, I began to feel more bad because I overdosed the pills. <br />
  21. 21. Now that I know that what this has done I have been working to make things better. I try to spend more time with my family. Go for a walk with my dog. I has helped me. I am not cured entirely. I still get urge for suicidal thoughts but I tried to think positive.<br />
  22. 22. If you are going through this, you are not alone. You may feel like you are the only one who is going through this, and no one will understand you. But help is on the way. There are many people who cares and wants to help you. Don’t wake up every day feeling like you have no purpose in the world. Start getting help.<br />