1 Movement Transformation• Particle –I took off my shoes. –I took my shoes off.• Topicalization –I love Kris. –Kris, I love.
2 Deletion Transformation• Imperative – You come here. – Come here.• Verb Phrase – If he says he will study for the test, he will study for the test. – If he says he will study for the test, he will.
3 Insertion Transformation• He knew she was here.• He knew that she was here.• *He won the race is history.• That he won the race is history.
4 Substitution Transformation• Prominalization –Tony thought that Tony was the best. –Tony thought that he was the best.
TG and Teaching WritingNO to...• Mimicking textbook sentences• Teacher correctionYES to...• Student’s language creativity• Student’s judgment development (Cleary & Linn, 1993)
BibliographyCleary, L. M., & Linn, M. D. (1993). Linguistics for teachers. New York: McGraw-Hill.Fromkin, V., Rodman, R., & Hyams, N. M. (2003). An introduction to language (7th ed.). Boston: Thomson, Heinle.Google Images. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved August 7, 2012, from http://www.google.com.ph/imghp?hl=fil&tab=wiLanguage Acquisition Device | TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC. (n.d.). TeachingEnglish | British Council | BBC. Retrieved August 7, 2012, from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/knowledge- database/language-acquisition-device
BibliographyLasnik, H., Depiante, M. A., & Stepanov, A. (2000). Syntactic structures revisited: contemporary lectures on classic transformational theory. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: MIT Press.Lester, M. (1973). Readings in applied transformational grammar (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Murcia, M., & Freeman, D. (1983). The grammar book: an ESL/EFL teachers course. Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House.Ouhalla, J. (1994). Introducing transformational grammar: from rules to principles and parameters. London: E. Arnold.
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