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Russian Literature

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Here is a glimpse of the Russian literature

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Russian Literature

  1. 1. Russian Literature
  2. 2. Early Literature (Kievan Period) <ul><li>Religious and biblical texts </li></ul><ul><li>Oral literature </li></ul><ul><li>Old Church Slavonic language </li></ul>
  3. 3. Muscovite Period (1240-1480) <ul><li>Religious, didactic, and historical texts </li></ul><ul><li>Lives of saints and chronicles </li></ul>
  4. 4. 17 th Century <ul><li>St. Petersburg = Literary center </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Literary activities </li></ul><ul><li>Theme : Western Europe </li></ul>
  5. 5. 17 th Century Writers <ul><li>Antioch Kantemir </li></ul><ul><li>Ivan Krylov </li></ul>
  6. 6. Petrine Era (18 th century) <ul><li>Aim: Teach and improve society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform: Russian alphabet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular language = Literary purpose = Russian literary language </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Style of Writing <ul><li>Usual life problems = Jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Interest of society  origins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memoir on Ancient and Modern Russia </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Golden Age (19 th century) <ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Prose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fable (Krylov Andreevich) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-fiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detective fiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spy fiction </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Golden Age (con’t) <ul><li>Literary movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acmeist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poetic language experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmanship and mystery of literature </li></ul>
  10. 10. Soviet Period (1917) <ul><li>Subordination of literature to politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No to publishing </li></ul></ul>Joseph Stalin <ul><li>Created author requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Organized the literary groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Union of Writers of the USSR </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Soviet Era (con’t) <ul><li>Publishing Ban for Anti-Soviet sentiments </li></ul><ul><li>Samizdat (Self publishing) </li></ul><ul><li>Science fiction </li></ul>
  12. 12. Socialist Realism <ul><li>Only permissible literary technique </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded truthful, historical, and concrete depiction of reality </li></ul><ul><li>Required literature to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be simple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be uniform in style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply abstention from stylistic or structural experiment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show positive side of Soviet system </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Soviet Era Themes <ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Social Science fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monday Begins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social problems </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet society </li></ul>
  14. 14. Post Soviet Era <ul><li>Entry of female writers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tatyana Tolstaya (short story writer) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dina Rubina (novelist) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Success of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detective stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thrillers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science fiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classic novel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poetry recital </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Russian Literature Abroad <ul><li>Themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity and Christian symbolism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful love affairs </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Major Works and Writers
  17. 17. Fyodor Dostoyevsky <ul><li>Crime and Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>The Brother Karamasov </li></ul><ul><li>The Idiot </li></ul><ul><li>The Possessed </li></ul>
  18. 18. Leo Tolstoy <ul><li>Anna Karenina </li></ul><ul><li>War and Peace </li></ul>
  19. 19. Alexander Pushkin <ul><li>Considered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founder of Russian Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest Literary Genius </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Named as “Russian Shakespeare” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Anton Chekhov <ul><li>Cherry Orchard </li></ul><ul><li>Uncle Vanya </li></ul><ul><li>Three Sisters </li></ul>
  21. 21. Famous People
  22. 22. Yuri Gagarin First Human Cosmonaut
  23. 23. Vladimir Lenin Bolshevik Party Leader First Soviet Head
  24. 24. Dmitri Mendeleyev Periodic Table Creator
  25. 25. Ivan Pavlov Behaviorist
  26. 26. Russian Symbols State Symbols
  27. 27. Coat of Arms
  28. 28. Hammer and Sickle
  29. 29. Red Star
  30. 30. Red Banner
  31. 31. Russian Symbols
  32. 32. Matryoshka Doll
  33. 33. Moscow Kremlin
  34. 34. Kremlin Towers
  35. 35. St. Basil’s Cathedral
  36. 36. Cheburashka
  37. 37. Patron Saints <ul><li>Mary </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Nicholas </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Andrew </li></ul><ul><li>Saint George </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Alexander Nevsky </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Sergius of Radonezh </li></ul><ul><li>Saint Seraphim of Sarov </li></ul>
  38. 38. Chamomile
  39. 39. Birch Tree
  40. 40. Russian Bear
  41. 41. End

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