News Sources

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News Sources

  1. 1. ? ? ?
  2. 2. CHAPTER 4 Where does news come from?
  3. 3. Sources and Source Considerations Call News Access Two Kinds of Definers Power Contacts
  4. 4. Sources and Source Considerations
  5. 6. Allan Bell: ideal news source = news actor Herbert Gans: "source should be efficient"
  6. 7. Journalists ... … use a limited number of same types of source … use other journalists and other media
  7. 8. Source Considerations Past suitability Productivity Reliability Trustworthiness Authoritativeness Articulateness
  8. 9. Brian Whittle: … a good journalist is NEVER off-duty … other sources are not aware that they are sources … a good journalist will not rely on stories arriving “gift-wrapped”
  9. 10. Call
  10. 11. Call … regular inquiries to a range of agencies … valid and valuable way of generating a copy … provide a regular supply of stories ( e.g. weekly or daily paper and broadcast newsroom)
  11. 12. Contacts
  12. 13. Contact Books … alphabetical list of sources with: … names and titles … contact numbers (ALL)
  13. 14. … Call … Feed … Update … Back-up Copy What to do to maximize the use of a contact book:
  14. 15. News Access
  15. 17. News Access Stuart Hall: “ The structure of access to the media is systematically skewed in relation to social categories.”
  16. 18. Two Kinds of Definers
  17. 20. Primary Definers Secondary Definers Set the limit of discussion by framing what the problem is e.g. politicians, employers, police, experts Choose what to report on public
  18. 21. Power
  19. 22. Power Journalists retain the power to: … choose between sources … include or exclude certain perspectives
  20. 23. Where does news come from?
  21. 24. Academic Journals Adverts Airports Ambulance and Fire Brigade Service Anniversaries Armed forces
  22. 25. Art Groups Campaigns Chambers of Commerce and/or Trade Charities Colleagues Consumer Groups
  23. 26. Council Departments Court Hearings Cuttings or Diaries Email Lists Entertainment industry Eyes and Ears

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