Metaphor Stylisitcs

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  • Metaphor Stylisitcs

    1. 1. Metaphor
    2. 2. <ul><li>Process of mapping between two different conceptual domains </li></ul>Metaphor
    3. 3. <ul><li>Target </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>topic or concept you want to describe through the metaphor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>concept that you draw upon in order to create the metaphorical construction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Conceptual Domains
    4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Target domain: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>concept of anger </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source domain: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ heated fluid in a container” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard notation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANGER IS A HEATED </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FLUID IN A CONTAINER. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>She really blew her lid.
    5. 5. <ul><li>Talk about letting off steam… </li></ul><ul><li>She really blew her lid, I mean really blew her top. She just exploded! </li></ul><ul><li>- comprises four clauses </li></ul><ul><li>- comprises one metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>- expresses the same source and target domain </li></ul><ul><li>- same standard notation </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>The third mechanized infantry are currently clearing up parts of the Al Mansur Saddam village area. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Target domain: concept of war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source domain: idea of cleaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard notation: WAR AS CLEANING. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Metonymy
    8. 8. <ul><li>Based on transfer within a single conceptual domain </li></ul><ul><li>Involves transpositions between associated concepts </li></ul>Metonymy
    9. 9. Metonymy commonly results in transfer between: <ul><li>- Part and the whole </li></ul><ul><li>* hired hand </li></ul><ul><li>- Producer and produced </li></ul><ul><li>* Have you read Edgar Allan Poe? </li></ul><ul><li>- Institution and location </li></ul><ul><li>* Malacañang is thought to be furious. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Metaphor vs. Metonymy
    11. 11. <ul><li>My office is a jungle of papers. </li></ul><ul><li>The White House supports the bill. </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>substitution is based on similarity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Metonymy </li></ul><ul><li>- substitution is based on contiguity (connection) </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Conversion of an expression into a simile </li></ul>IS LIKE formula
    14. 14. IS LIKE formula (Metaphor) <ul><li>ANGER IS A HEATED FLUID IN A CONTAINER. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ANGER IS LIKE A HEATED FLUID IN A CONTAINER. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WAR AS CLEANING. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WAR IS LIKE CLEANING. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. IS LIKE formula (Metonymy) <ul><li>‘ hired hand’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A worker is like a hand. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have you read Edgar Allan Poe? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edgar Allan Poe is like a novel. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Malacañang is thought to be furious. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government is like Malacañang. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Metonymy's Stylistic Function
    17. 17. <ul><li>1. Meronmymic Agency </li></ul><ul><li>- involves the part ‘standing for’ the whole in such a way as to place a human body apart, rather than a whole person </li></ul><ul><li>2. Technique in caricature </li></ul><ul><li>- Form of metonymic distortion </li></ul><ul><li>- Distortion of human appearance </li></ul>

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