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glossary second child education

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  1. 1. GLOSSARY 2º year of Early Childhood Education • ESTHER ROMERO • PAOLA TRAPOTE
  2. 2. INDEX • ZPD • TPR • Target language and mother tongue • Approach • Acquisition vs Learning • Silent period • The Critical Period • LAD • EFL, ESL • Phonics • Multiple intelligencies theory • Digital literacy vs literacy
  3. 3. ZPD The zone of proximal development (ZPD), has been defined as: The distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers.
  4. 4. TPR A language-teaching method based on the coordination of language and physical movement. In TPR, instructors give commands to students in the target language, ande students respond with whole-body actions, before the adquisition of language.
  5. 5. TARGET LANGUAGE It´s a language that someone is learning, or a language into which a text has to be translated. •
  6. 6. MOTHER TONGUE It´s the language which a person has learned from birth or within the critical period. Children brought up speaking more than one language can have more than one native language, and be bilingual.
  7. 7. APPROACH The approach is the way in which the teacher wants guiding their classes, depending on different points of view, according to how to teach and what you want to work.
  8. 8. ADQUISITION VS LEARNING There are two independent ways of developing ability in second languages. Adquisition: it is a subconscious process, identical in most important ways to the process children utilice in acquiring their first language. It does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules. Learning: it is a conscious process that consists of learning grammar rules of a foreign language.
  9. 9. SILENT PERIOD It is the interval of time when students feel unable to communicate orally in a foreign language. It is better to wait for students to speak naturally when they feel comfortable before forcing them to talk.
  10. 10. The Critical Period The critical period hypothesis is the subject of long standing debate in linguistics and language acquisition over the extent to which the ability to acquire language is biologically linked to age.
  11. 11. LAD Is a system of principles that children are born with that helps them learn language, and accounts for the order in which children learn structures, and the mistakes they make as they learn. Second language learning theory proposes that acquisition is possible in second and subsequent languages, and that learning programmes have to create the conditions for it.
  12. 12. EFL, ESL • English a first language: is the use of English as a native language. • English as a second language: is the use or study of English by speakers with different native languages.
  13. 13. Phonics It´s a method of teaching elementary reading and spelling based on the phonetic interpretation of ordinary spelling.
  14. 14. Multiple intelligencies theory It´s a theory, it´s knowing as model of intelligence that differentiates it into specific (pimary sensory) “modalities”, rather than seeing it as dominated by a single general ability.
  15. 15. Digital literacy The ability to use digital technology, communication tools or networks to locate, evaluate, use and create information. Digital Literacy includes the ability to read and interpret media, to reproduce data and images through digital manipulation, and to evaluate and apply new knowledge gained from digital envionments.
  16. 16. Literacy The quality or state of being literate, especially the ability to read and write.
  17. 17. That´s all